Aryan Invasion Theory – Debunked by Aabhas

Thread by Aabhas Maldahiyar
Aabhas Maldahiyar 🇮🇳@Aabhas24Columnist| Urban Designer|Author| Ex-Marxist | My latest book #ModiAgain (story of my transformation) preorder at 27, 2019  5 min read

1/n I offer my #SadarPranam to Ishwara within @tjoseph0010 . There are abundant flaws in his article that you shared William Sir. My Pranam to you too while in below thread of tweets I debunk “Aryan Migration(Invasion) Theory”wrt the article.

Tony sir,pl don’t respond until n/n

William Dalrymple

Can the arrival of the Aryans in India explain the disconnect between Harappan and Vedic culture? … via @scroll_in

Can the arrival of the Aryans in India explain the disconnect between Harappan and Vedic culture?

There is a fundamental discontinuity between the two cultures, writes Tony Joseph in his book ‘Early Indians’.
 · South West, England
Twitter Ads info and privacy

109 people are talking about this

2/n As a starting point one needs to understand literature of civilisation to know who they are & where they are from. The latest researches about “River Saraswati” had begun drying around 24ka.
Ref: Bhadra (2014). You may read full paper here …



3/n RigVeda,the oldest text of RigVeda talks about RiverSaraswati 65 times. In fact in earlier part, it talks about Sarasvati as greatest among all,hence the mightiest.
Check below 2.41.16

अम्बि॑तमे॒ नदी॑तमे॒ देवि॑तमे॒ सर॑स्वति । अ॒प्र॒श॒स्ता इ॑व स्मसि॒ प्रश॑स्तिमम्ब नस्कृधि ॥

4/n As per the theory that @tjoseph0010 has been subscribing to considers “Aryans” to have come to India in 2nd Millennium BCE, how did they mention about the river Saraswati as mighty of all though it had begun to dry 20k years before alleged arrival of Aryans.

5/n Of course Aryans didn’t had time-machine, or @tjoseph0010 you too fantasise that Aryans were that advanced? 😉

For more info on Geological aspects of Saraswati you may refer following papers Mary courty1986,Frankfort 1992,Khonde 2007,Clift 2012,Sarkar 2016,Singh2017,Dave2018

6/n Interesting point to enquire is that why Aryans don’t mention anything about the rivers or geography where the theory @tjoseph0010 uses hints then to come from? Did they not like their homeland? Why mention of only India?

7/n If the inhabitants of Indus Valley migrated to East & South, then why inhabitants of Tamil Nadu & Bengal too follow Vaidik Rituals. Infact a Tamil Hindu follows Vaidik ritual way more than a north-Indian (alleged Aryans)

8/n Further it gets even more interesting that while the theory @tjoseph0010 uses, clearly draws distinction between South & North wrt to Aryan-Dravidian Divide, but what gets interesting is that the First Sangam had Vaidik Rishi Agastya as chairman.

9/n I’m quoting from a book of an author who believes in Aryan Migration Theory but interestingly mentions “Sangam” as being founded by Agastya Rishi.

Though to keep the point of Aryan-Dravidian Divide,attributes Agastya as Dravidian.
World knows Agastya was a Vaidik Rishi. 😊


10/n Alain Danielou even cites First Sangam happening around 9000 BCE, which supports that Agastya lived 11ka hence Vaidik Wisdom is way older than what even this author believes.


11/n They contest that Aryans drove chariots into India from Pontic–Caspian steppe in 1800 BCE.

But what fails them is the amount of evidences that supports existence of “Horse Chariots” way earlier than this proposed date. I’m sharing evidences in appending tweets.

12/n Below points are taken from “Danino (2006)”.

BB Lal, SP Gupta & AK Sharma, Thomas & Joglekar reported horse teeth & bones from various Harappan Sites which date way before alleged entry of Aryans.


13/n Archaeologist Dhavalikar found horse’s remains daring to mid 3rd Millennium BCE. It was recognised as domestic horse (Equus Cabalus).

It was a significant blow to AIT/AMT warriors.

14/n Horse figurine were discovered from Mohenjodaro & Lothal.

It will be foolish to believe that People of Indus-Saraswati Civilisation sculpted them without ever seen them.


Perhaps the most interesting of the model animals is one that I personally take to represent a horse. I do not think we need be particularly surprised if it should be proved that the horse existed thus early at Mohenjo-daro.

—E. J. H.Mackay,one of the early excavators.

16/n Then @tjoseph0010 tries to show cultural distinction between Aryans & Harappans using mistranslations of Vedas.

He quotes RgVed (7.21.5,10.99.3) & translates “Shishnadeva” as “Phallus” calling Dravidians as Phallus worshiper while Aryans as hater through the quoted verses

17/n @tjoseph0010 , The ancient Sanskrit grammarian and etymologist Yaksha translated the word “Shisnadeva” as “unchaste people” in his nirukta.

I’m really failing to understand who gave you translation as “Phallus”. Now I’ll also explain u RV7.21.5 & 10.99.3 as u seem unaware

18/n @tjoseph0010 RigVeda 7.21.5
न यातव इन्द्र जूजुवुनोर् न वन्दना शिवष्ठ वेद्यािभः |
स शधर्दयोर् िवषुणस्य जन्तोमार् िशश्नदेवा अिप गुरतंनः ||

Griffith’s translation:
<Let our true God subdue the hostile rabble: let not the lewd approach our holy worship.”>
No “Phallus”!

19/n RigVeda 10.99.3
स वाजंयातापदुष्पदा यन सवषार्ता पिर षदत्सिनष्यन |
अनवार् यच्छतदुरस्य वेदो घनिञ्छश्नदेवानिभ वपर्सा भूत ||

<He seized the hundred-gated castle’s treasure by craft, unchecked, and slew the lustful demons.>
@tjoseph0010 where is Phallus Worshiper?

20/n While @tjoseph0010 agrees that Harappans worship “Shiva” he thought that the alleged “Aryans” didn’t. So I thought of telling him situations of RigVeda where “Rudra” is worshiped. Of 1028 hymn in RigVeda, 3 are for “Rudra”.

I’ll quote Richas in appending tweets.

21/n @tjoseph0010 Mahamrintujaya mantra comes in RV(7.59.12),YV(3.60),AV(14.1.17).

ॐ त्र्यं॑बकं यजामहे सु॒गन्धिं॑ पुष्टि॒वर्ध॑नम् ।
उ॒र्वा॒रु॒कमि॑व॒ बन्ध॑नान् मृ॒त्योर् मुक्षीय॒ माऽमृता॑त् ।
This Richa is also called the Rudra mantra, referring to the furious aspect of Shiva.

22/n Now the 21/n breaks myth that the alleged “Aryans” didn’t worship Shiva. It further clarifies that Shiva was being worshiped when Saraswati was still flowing as mighty one. Hence it further draws cultural similarity between Harappans & your foreign “Aryans”.

23/n Now I bring in a very interesting aspect. While @tjoseph0010 denies Shiva worship among alleged “People from Steppe” the Western Indologist have been drawing parallel line between “Shiva” & “Terminus”. Though unlike Tony sir,Roger considers “worship” not “denouncement”.


24/n Right from the time of Greek Invasion,westerners hv been fancied to call”Dionysus”&Shiva same just to justify “Aryan Tourism Theory “ cc @IndianInterest

Here is one such eg by Wendy D, though @devduttmyth keeps blaming Indians for same.
Read paper 


N/n In this thread (24 tweets)I’ve picked problems in article by @tjoseph0010 that supports “Aryan Migration Theory” written with excerpts from his book “Early Indians”.

I invite Tony sir to respond this rebuttal should he have enough substance.


Aryan Migration theory – Unscientific story?

Aryan Migration theory (AIT) was courted and forwarded by European Indologist around 200 years back. The theory was adopted by Britishers to rule India by degrade Indian civilization. AIT borrowed word Sanskrit name Arya from Rig Veda (ऋग् वेद) in which this word refers to a kind, favorable, attached to, true, devoted, dear, kind hearted. The Europeans found some common words spoken in both Sanskrit and European language such as पितृ [pitru] for Pedro or father in European. More words in below table :

AIT was coined at the time when most of the technologies either were not available or were in nascent stages. Even Excavation of Mohanjodaro started in 1912, DNA profiling in 1980, Astronomical software only came off very late. A conjecture based on premises lacking scientific evidences. AIT was never studied scientifically and lacked corroborative evidences.

With the discovery of fossils of highly advanced civilization near Rakhigarhi, Haryana. Earlier Chariots remains carbon dating ~2500 BC discovered in Sanauli, UP, India Paleontology of Thar region provides sufficient reasons to believe Saraswati Once existed as mentioned in Rigveda. It gives sufficient proofs to surmise that Indus Civilization is Rivgvedic Harappan Civilization

Let us try to analyse what scientifically proven evidences exists as on today to refute AIT theory. We will also see WHY there was a need for AIT.

There are many cycles of rise and extinction of civilizations. There are evidences of mankind existence traced to 370,000 years till 3,000 BC in India. (I will discuss later) . However, as per Biblical framework, the world came into existence only after 2349 BC after the world destroyed in Noah’s flood in 4004 BC. On the other hand using astronomy software, it is established that Kaliyuga started at 3102 BC when Lord Krishna returned to Vaikuntha. The Vedic claim is clearly a misfit to most popular biblical framework by 700 years. Interesting isn’t it?

Lets analyse what other faiths claim versus what modern science says.

Various faiths are of the view that the world came into being few thousand years ago, is in contrast to the modern Big Bang theory. Also there is no correlation from these beliefs about other stone-age findings world wide. The Indic Vedas, however, of the view that world has been created and destroyed several times. Clearly spanning to larger time line and encompassing various stages of Human development.

Having set the context, let us fast forward from Vedic Time to the Treaty of Spain and Portugal in 1479 to share half of the world each as a property. Treaty of Alcáçovas signed on 4th Sep 1479 between Castile (most of Spain) and Portugal (most powerful powers and hungry for more revenues of that time) for the division of the Atlantic Ocean and Overseas territories into two zones of influence. The treaty of Alcacovas can be considered to be start of colonialism. The first international document on generally accepted principle in the ideology and practice followed till decolonization in 19th and 20th centuries

Treaty of Tordesillas 1494-1506

Treaty of Alcacovas 1479

Treaty of Tordesillas 1494-1506 between Spain and Portugal ratified by Pope Julius II, head of Roman Catholic Church to divide and colonizing rights for all newly discovered lands of the world located between Portugal and Spain. According to the treaty, the lands to the east on the globe would belong to Portugal and the lands to the west to Castile (majorly Spain of today).

Division of World into two parts by Spain and Portugese under treaty

Now that the formal agreements to divide the world into two hemisphere to share amongst Portugal and Spain. Columbus (a Spanish Sailor) went westwards hemisphere and ‘discovered’ America in AD 1492. Vasco-Da-Gama 1460-1524 (a Portuguese Sailor) sailed eastwards to discover sea route to India or better known as colonial empire in Asia. He reached Indian shores, Calicut on 20th May 1498. It is known he made three trips to India and died in the city of Cochin on Christmas eve in 1524. One can read about what happened after these explorer reached on the shores of Indies.

While Spain and Portugal remained global power and colonization masters till 17th Century, rest of the Europe didn’t have any rhetoric. Their was identity crisis of nationalist people. Europeans found that some 70 words from Sanskrit matched with German language and there started adjoining Sanskrit language with European European. Few words are given in below table.

The Aryan Immigration Theory (AIT) was a theoretical framework created to claim the credit of much advanced and enrich Indian Vedic literature and civilization by Identity crisis struck Europeans. We will see how India was exploited not only financially, the intellectual literature (Vedas) were also ripped-off to fit in their narratives. British Colonisation envious of the great wealth generated by Portuguese and Spanish, England, France and Netherlands began to establish colonies and trade networks Series of wars in 17th and 18th Centuries including the Battle of Plassey in 1757, made Britishers a dominant colonial power.

Europeans Quest for Identity

By this eithteenth century, Spain and Portugal had established their own glorified identities and Britain had India as their colony. However, Germans didn’t have such Identity for their gratification. During this period German Indologist Herder 1744-1803 was fascinated by the Indian literature and culture. So much so, that he claimed Sanskrit to be his own. And the discovery of India was attributed to re-discovery of Europe. This philosophy of attachment with Sanskrit filled the Germans’ non-identity crisis. Another German Indologist Karl Wilhelm Friedrich Schlegel (1772-1829) studied Indian culture. Schlegal’s attempt to prove Germans of highly civilised nation and superior to Greeks and Romans, He looked upon India as his ancestors and described Sanskrit as mother of all languages. European identity needs and colonial indology led Aryan master race which was possibly the reason for second world war holocaust purely out of racism. Question : why they took Sanskrit as their own and not Indic Gods – Linguistic divide ? German William Jones 1746-1794 theorised how to map Indians on the Biblical framework. In doing so, he mapped ‘Manu’ as ‘Adam’ ‘Narasimha’ as ‘Nimrod’. Those Indian Elements which didn’t fit into Bible were distorted or rejected. As per Bible, god created world 4004 BCE and flood of Noah happened in 2349 BCE. So naturally, rejection of Indian Yugas spanning milions of years. Any text in Sanskrit that did not fit in Bible was termed as ‘mythology’. So much disappointed with the vastness and timeline Vedas belong that he said, “Either the first eleven chapters of genesis are true or the whole fabric of our national religion is false” (The God’s of Greece, Italy, Asiatic researchers, vol. 1, 1788:p 225)

Jones was the first to propose a racial division of India involving an Aryan invasion but at that time there was insufficient evidence to support it (Bates, Crispin (1995). “Race, Caste and Tribe in Central India: the early origins of Indian anthropometry”. In Robb, Peter (ed.). The Concept of Race in South Asia. Delhi: Oxford University Press. p. 231) . It was an idea later taken up by British administrators

Britishers took forward this theory of Aryan’s racism superiority to control its new colony ‘India’. Lord Thomas Macaulay was appointed 1830s Governor General of the Indian provinces won by the East India Company. Macaulay his great ambition was to convert India to a Christian country. However, he realized that the Vedas were considered very sacred by all Hindus. Also the Brahmans, who preserved the Vedas, commanded a great respect. He pioneered the English system of education in India with a hope that the effect of his new education system would be “prodigious” (his term). Macaulay wanted Indologist European scholar Max Muller (1823-1900) to write about the Vedas in such a way that they would be considered nothing more than collections of some crude rhymes written by illiterate nomadic Aryan invaders, who came from Central Asia to India on horse backs. Macaulay thought that the attestation of an academician would look more authentic and unquestionable.

Mueller propounded the theory of Arya as a race of a family of languages and who spoke them – linguistic divide. At the same time the church evangelists working in South India to construct a Dravidian race identity because it suited there Christianity expansion. as per Max Mueller Riv Veda claimed only Brahman, Kshatriya as Aryan and categorized Sudra as non-Aryan. He called “Arya” (or Aryan) a race even though the Vedas mention nowhere that “Arya” is a race. Only many years later Muller realized his mistake and tried to emphasize that “Arya” does not denote a race but people who speak “Indo-European” languages. But the damage had already been done and his hypothesis of Aryan Invasion Theory had become a historical “fact”.

Max Muller, being a devout Christian, while assigning date of the oldest Veda, the Rigveda, could not give an earlier date than the origin of the world, which according to the Bible is 4004 years before Christ. Later the scientists estimated that the earth is about 6 billion years old. Muller arbitrarily wrote that Aryans came to India in 1500 B.C. and the Rigveda was written in 1200 B.C.

According to Hindu traditions, Kaliyuga started on the day Lord Krishna breathed his last on this earth. When this happened there was a conjunction of seven planets – Saturn, Jupiter, Mars, Venus, Mercury, sun and moon. It is astronomically estimated that this occurred on February 18, 3102 B.C. The Vedas definitely existed much before ‘Mahabharata’ period).

Max Muller’s Aryan linguistic category was converted by Risley while carrying out as commissioner 1901 Census in India , carried out “Nasal Index” to classify jatis as Hindus and tribes as non-Hindus. He decided that Indian consists of 2378 main casts and tribes and 43 races.

We saw how, quest of power and colonization led to the need of converting, manipulating, fitting in a manner to justify their Ruling of India as a colony. No-one had ever heard of Aryans coming to India upto mid-nineteenth century. One had also not heard that foreign people of “Aryan race” invaded India, conquered the indigenous people of “Dravidian race” and pushed them to southern part of India. However, now all this is part of the Indian history written by the British rulers of India. Europeans were exposed to Sanskrit and the Hindu scriptures sometime in the seventeenth century. They discovered that Sanskrit and the European languages had many common words. Thus the western scholars arrived at a conclusion that the “Indo-European” languages must have had a common origin. Their hypothesis was that from Central Asia a section of Sanskrit speaking Aryans came to India and another section of the same people migrated to Europe. We also observed false theory of Aryan and Dravidian race just a divisive policy of colonial masters.

AIT proved to be a theoretical & ethnological concept after various discoveries since 1914 excavations by ASI

In around 1914, when the ancient cities of Harappa and Mohenjodaro in the Indus Valley were excavated, the archaeologists found by carbon-dating that they were at least 5,000 years old. They were beautifully planned cities with wide streets, magnificent buildings and good drainage system. Britisher’s were still defiant of AIT theory. They stated that the Hindu caste order was reason for India’s Poverty. But failed to explain how Brahmins with worship rituals contributed make India top with 30% of world GDP. Apparently, they were escaping their responsibility of famine and poverty due to extraction of resources, higher taxes on indigenous production, re-importing goods exported from India, etc. An estimated 3 Trillion USD was drained out of India by the colonial masters.

Eventhough Government of India has acknoledged the Aryan Myth as fake an a concoction of British Colonisation, it fails to remove the topic from the education system of the country. The Aryan Theory is still taught in everyday classes throughout India as history and fact despite the overwhelming proves against it. It also a well known fact that Max Muller had confessed during his later days

Paleontologist evidences

Some evidences Migration was actually outwards of India and not otherway round

Discovery of ancient stone tools rewrites
the history of technology in India : As per modern science, homo-erectus extinct 600000 years ago Modern man came into being 80000 years ago. Question who was making precision tools in 350000 years

Narmada Man
The discovery in 1982 of a fossilized skull in the central Narmada valley in Madhya Pradesh, India, provides the first scientifically recorded evidence of human skeletal remains from the Indian subcontinent dating to the late Middle Pleistocene of 300,000 to 150,000 years ago. Dr. Arun Sonakia of GSI described Narmada Man to the hominid taxon Homo erectus narmadensis.
As per Raj Vedam The excavation in Keezhadi, Tamil Nadu, based on the studies and available data, the carbon dating should be in an interval of 821 BCE to 2974 BCE for the terminus layer.

Charriot excavated in Sanauli

is another proof that Horse domestication coincides if not precedes that of in Eurasia in BCE ~ 2500

Were Shrinking and shifting Rivers were reasons of extinction of Harrappan Civilisation?

Another study by A R Nair, S V Navada and S M Rao in their study on ground water problems in Thar Desert states that Reconstruction of the past climate in the region from palaeoclimatological and palaeontological studies indicate that cooler and pluvial conditions in the Holocene were present in thisregion during which recharge to these aquifers
could have taken place

The Indus civilization was the largest—but least known—of the first great urban cultures that also included Egypt and Mesopotamia. Named for one of their largest cities, the Harappans relied on river floods to fuel their agricultural surpluses. Today, numerous remains of the Harappan settlements are located in a vast desert region far from any flowing river.

Saraswati River is known as the holiest river of India, as much as it has retained its sacred character right from the Rigvedic age to the present day. The name`Saraswati’ is frequently used most of the ancient literatures like Rigveda, Yajurveda, Mahabharatha and Puranas. The Rigveda is supposed to be the oldest text which was probably composed more than 8000 years ago. [10]

Genetic Evidences

An Ancient Harappan Genome Lacks Ancestry from Steppe Pastoralists or Iranian Farmers (R1N1) [11]

The individual was from a population that is the largest source of ancestry for South Asians
Iranian-related ancestry in South Asia split from Iranian plateau lineages >12,000 years ago
First farmers of the Fertile Crescent contributed little to no ancestry to later South Asians

Conclusion [3]&[5]

The story of the Aryan invasion theory reveals how a thesis that reflected the European cultural experience of India gradually transformed itself into the ‘historical truth’ about India. This thesis had grown within a specific system of theological and historical beliefs that Europeans shared and depended for its coherence and plausibility on this system. Its fundamental theoretical outlines reflected conceptual patterns in the European cultural experience, rather than any scientific or empirical research into the Indian past. [Marianne Keppens and Jakob De Roover]

At the root of the trouble lies the dating of the Vedas to 1200 BCE by the German Scholar Max Muller. He did it on a very ad hoc basis and when his
contemporaries, such as Goldstucker, Whitney and Wilson, challenged his methodology, he surrendered by saying, “Whether the Vedas were composed in 1000 or 2000 or 3000 BC no one on earth can ever determine.” The pity is that in spite of such a candid confession by Max Muller himself many of his followers even today stick to this date, or at the most give concession to 1500 BCE. [BB Lal 2015]

Must watch more videos

  1. Timesof India on Harrappan Proof 
  2. Another report from TimesofIndia
  3. The Aryans were indigenous: neither invaders or immigrants – BBLAL, 2017
  4. Macaulay’s Minutes
  5. Orientalism and the Puzzle of the Aryan Invasion Theory
  6. Special Contribution of India to Knowledge System
  7. Dr Raj Vedam’s Video through Youtube Channel Srijan Talks
  8. Swarajy Mag on Chariot found in Sanauli, UP,
  9. Indiatimes report on Rakhi Garhi, Haryana
  10. Regional Remote Sensing Centre, NRSC/ISRO, Dept. of Space, Govt. of India, Jodhpur
  11. An Ancient Harappan Genome Lacks Ancestry from Steppe Pastoralists or Iranian Farmers
  12. Treaty Image Credit Treaty of Tordesillas 1494-1506 By Original: Biblioteca Nacional de LisboaPhoto: User:Joserebelo – Biblioteca Nacional de Lisboa, Public Domain,
  13. By Nagihuin – Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0,
  15. Ancient civilizations continuity civilization harappan, etc… large period of rishis, enormous material ignored and forgotten hindu order created poverty but its invasion indian knowledge seeded world vut told otherwise no identity by vedic science riv veda mentioned sarawati in 2000 BCE while claimed that it was written in 1500BCE Astronomy derived dates provides sufficient proofs But claimed that Upanishads, Brahmas, Samahitas written in 300 CE R1a genome gone outwards not inward of India Mainstream narrative states Indian expanded eastwards not Westward, Indic civilization is recent While there are series of ancient history. They created an anchor points and called all Indian chronology as mythology