CORONA, WHO and CCP

A thread by Aabhas Maldahiyar 🇮🇳

#SadarPranam @kavita_krishnan to Ishvara within u & to other China Employees. @SrBachchan is absolutely correct & not a “Racist”.

In this thread, I explain how #China has unleashed the #Covid is & what role @DrTedros has played.

Read the whole of History.👇Kavita Krishnan@kavita_krishnan

India’s yesteryear superstar @SrBachchan spends his lockdown tweeting superstitious, irrational rubbish, & now amplifying racist memes. #CoronaRacist spotted. Sir, this isn’t subtle. It’s blatant (and stupid) racism. https://twitter.com/SrBachchan/status/1242842009200549895 …2,185Twitter Ads info and privacy2,881 people are talking about this

n China has been investing big money to buy out journalists including those from India. This very report in @guardian on December 7, 2018, reveals the facts so clearly.

One must read this whole report to understand the same. Consider it to be #Prologue(theguardian.com/news/2018/dec/…) n Now let me take you a bit through the @WHO boss @DrTedros . You should know that he is the first non-doctor (he is Dr for Ph.D.) Director-General of WHO. This all happened for his loyalty to China being health minister Ethiopia.

Check this Screenshot.

@DrTedros won the election against a well-qualified candidate despite widely covered accusations that he covered up three different cholera epidemics as health minister in Ethiopia.

You may read about the controversy here.

https://www.nytimes.com/svc/oembed/html/?url=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.nytimes.com%2F2017%2F05%2F13%2Fhealth%2Fcandidate-who-director-general-ethiopia-cholera-outbreaks.htmln You must not miss what happened next. On 18 October 2017, @DrTedros announced that he had chosen Dictator President Robert Mugabe of Zimbabwe, a notorious human rights violator to serve as a WHO Goodwill Ambassador. (who.int/dg/speeches/20…) n But on 23 October 2017, backed off from the decision after an international outcry.

The allegations were serious and are somehow able to explain the currents stands of @WHO(dailycaller.com/2017/10/21/who…) n “Diplomats said (Mugabe’s) appointment was a political payoff from @Tedros to China, a long-time ally of Mugabe, and the 50 or so African states that helped to secure Tedros’s election earlier this year,”-@rebeccacmyers in @thetimes , Oct 22, 2017 n @rebeccacmyers further writes: Chinese diplomats had campaigned hard for the Ethiopian, using Beijing’s financial clout and opaque aid budget to build support for him among developing countries.”

The whole report can be read here (thetimes.co.uk/article/mugabe…) n @FridaGhitis noted in WP on 26/10/17: China worked tirelessly behind the scenes to help Tedros defeat the UK candidate @davidnabarro . Tedros’s victory was also a victory for Beijing, whose leader Xi has made public his goal of flexing China’s muscle in the world.” n The report for 9/n can be read here (washingtonpost.com/news/democracy…) n I’m sure that what follows below has reasons above.

Feb 2, 2020, WHO Chief @DrTedros urges Countries Not to Close Borders to Foreigners From China. Why? Was he wanting Pandemic #ChineseVirus to spread in mass? By then China already had 20K+ cases. (voanews.com/science-health…) n I’ll go more into details of how @WHO has played the devil in #ChineseVirus but before that, I’ll like you to know more about the history.

China’s influence in the WHO is also clearly visible in the organization’s treatment of Taiwan. n Since China acceded to the @UN in 1971,it has periodically blocked Taiwan’s @WHO membership on the grounds that the democratically governed island is part of China.
2009-16,China allowed Taiwan to join the World Health Assembly,as an observer under the name Chinese Taipei. n After the election of President @iingwen in 2016, cross-strait relations chilled causing China to block Taiwan’s future participation. Read: (scmp.com/news/china/pol…) n You must not forget this tweet by @WHO on January 14, 2020, though Taiwan had warned of the same to former on December 31, 2019.World Health Organization (WHO)@WHO

Preliminary investigations conducted by the Chinese authorities have found no clear evidence of human-to-human transmission of the novel #coronavirus (2019-nCoV) identified in #Wuhan, #China🇨🇳.

View image on Twitter

22.5KTwitter Ads info and privacy35K people are talking about thisn So to put it precisely, Taiwan had warned of human-human transmission of #ChineseVirus but @WHO concluded with negative post two weeks.

What does it imply @kavita_krishnan ?
WHO became part of a conspiracy to let the virus spread.

Read this report (ft.com/content/2a70a0…) n I must tell you that Taiwan’s exclusion has very real consequences:
1. @WHO is an indispensable source of infos for countries’ health departments. Without a membership, Taiwan relies on China’s health dept for outbreak infos with delays & errors. (cnbc.com/2020/02/06/cor…) n 2. The @WHO ’s inclusion of Taiwan as part of China’s territory overstates the scale of the outbreak on the island leading to unmerited economic and diplomatic consequences. Mainland cases of #COVID2019 are now above 80,000 with over 3,300 deaths. Taiwan has 267 so far. n However, multiple countries including Italy, Mongolia, Vietnam, El Salvador, and the Philippines used the @WHO country classification as justification to restrict travel from Taiwan.

Does Taiwan deserve it?

Read (taiwannews.com.tw/en/news/3877687) n Though, the Philippines and Vietnam eventually reversed their travel bans on Taiwan, the island nation’s continued exclusion from the @WHO .

Ask yourself, what it means? n So, while China wants to exploit resources of Taiwan, it minimizes any possibility of its development and betterment.

Let’s come back to @WHO ‘s actions again.

@DrTedros ’ inaction stands in striking contrast to the @WHO WHO’s actions during the 2003 SARS outbreak (China) n Then @WHO DG Dr. Gro Harlem B declared the WHO’s first travel advisory in 55 years which recommended against travel to & from the disease epicenter in southern #China.

@DrTedros urges not to close Borders to Foreigners From China on Feb 2, 2020. (who.int/csr/don/2003_0…) n Dr. Brundtland also criticized China for threatening global health by attempting to cover up the outbreak through its usual playbook of arresting whistleblowers and censoring media. It happened in 2003. (news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/health/29…) n In contrast @DrTedros is an advocate for the Chinese government’s #COVID2019 response. On Jan 28, he met Xi Jinping in Beijing &commended China for “setting a new standard for outbreak control” & praised the country’s top leadership for its“openness to sharing information”. n Now the world knows what China (CCP) has done with whistleblowers. This is part-1 of my expose of @WHO & China. I’ll continue from 26/n in a while.

You may read report for 25/n here (who.int/news-room/deta…) n #SadarPranam to Ishvara within you all. Here I resume Part-2 of exposing the wedding between @WHO & China at the onset of #ChineseVirus . Yesterday I had posted 25 tweets that clearly established how @DrTedros got WHO compromised.Aabhas Maldahiyar @Aabhas24

1/n #SadarPranam @kavita_krishnan to Ishvara within u & to other China Employees. @SrBachchan is absolutely correct & not a “Racist”.

In this thread, I explain how #China has unleashed the #Covid is & what role @DrTedros has played.

Read the whole of History.👇 https://twitter.com/kavita_krishnan/status/1243168592247414785 …

View image on Twitter

Kavita Krishnan@kavita_krishnanIndia’s yesteryear superstar @SrBachchan spends his lockdown tweeting superstitious, irrational rubbish, & now amplifying racist memes. #CoronaRacist spotted. Sir, this isn’t subtle. It’s blatant (and stupid) racism. https://twitter.com/SrBachchan/status/1242842009200549895 …7,245Twitter Ads info and privacy5,836 people are talking about thisn In 24/n I mentioned about @DrTedros meeting and appreciating Xi in Beijing on Jan 28 for transparency but forgets to even talk of how people were being arrested for “spreading news” about the disease, while online censors controlled the flow of info.

https://www.nytimes.com/svc/oembed/html/?url=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.nytimes.com%2F2020%2F01%2F22%2Fhealth%2Fvirus-corona.htmln Interestingly on February 20 at the Munich Security Conference, @DrTedros multiplies his praise for China stating that “China has bought the world time.” I don’t think that you need to reminded of causality nos. then.

Read report here (who.int/dg/speeches/de…) n The Chinese Propaganda machines and press don’t miss any chance to publicize how @DrTedros praises China and criticizes the rest of the world. (xinhuanet.com/english/2020-0…) n It is really a concern that @DrTedros delayed in declaring #COVID19 a public health emergency of international concern (PHEIC). On January 23, the @WHO ’s emergency committee was divided on whether to declare a PHEIC. I mean “Seriously”? (who.int/news-room/deta…) n The final authority was in hands of the DG, @DrTedros who decided to wait for, despite admitting that “this is an emergency in China.”

Were the virus-host numbers not enough as per Xi’s desires till then? (cnbc.com/2020/01/23/reu…) n A week later, @DrTedros declared a PHEIC. Perhaps, the desired numbers of Xi had been attained. (who.int/news-room/deta…) n By that point confirmed cases of #COVID19 had increased ten times with 7,781 cases across 18 countries.

Read @WHO ‘s own report (who.int/docs/default-s…) n Contrasting to @DrTedros John Mackenzie, a @WHO executive committee member, publicly stated that international action would have been different if not for China’s “reprehensible” obfuscation of outbreak’s extent.

Read the report here (ft.com/content/8ede7e…) n Dear friends that’s all I have with regards to @WHO and China. From 36/n I’m going to write about the larget conspiracy that was being cooked by CCP. Following which I will also put across how Indian Media has worked tirelessly to make lockdown failure for obvious reasons. n Lets now look into the complex part of whole conspiracy. What did China do actually to unleash #ChineseVirus19 upon the world.

In 2018 China invested2billion USD in R&D. It was way higher than in past years. (economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/internati…) n As per the report of January 26, 2020 #ChineseVirus19 is a bioweapon. Though a research paper was published on March 17, 2020, debunking such claim but we mustn’t ignore the facts stated in the article too.

If DG of @WHO can be compromised then what more cant happen. n I’m talking about this article. (washingtontimes.com/news/2020/jan/…) n The article quotes Dr.Dany Soham, a senior researcher at the Begin-Sadat Center for Strategic Studies, Bar Ilan University, Israel and specializes in biological and chemical warfare.

According to him “Wuhan Institute of Virology” covert bio-weapons program. n “Certain laboratories in the institute have probably been engaged, in terms of research and development, in Chinese (biological weapons), at least collaterally, yet not as a principal facility of the Chinese BW alignment,” -The Washington Times quoted Dr. Soham. n Dr. Soham even added: Work on biological weapons is conducted as part of dual civilian-military research and is “definitely covert.”

The Washington Times has declared that Dr.Soham put these things on record through an email. n China denied having any offensive biological weapons, but a State Depart report of 2019 revealed suspicions of covert biological warfare work.
Read this article which makes the claim even more concrete. I’m using it as a source for the below tweets. (nationalpost.com/health/bio-war…) n The Washington TImes tried to reach a Chinese Embassy spokesman but he did not return an email despite multiple follow-ups.

Chinese authorities denied of knowing the origin of the #coronavirus . n, On the other hand, China has been very effective in spreading their propaganda. According to Gao Fu, director of the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, initial signs indicate the virus to have originated from wild animals sold at a seafood market in Wuhan. n Chinese Internet even made claims the these were germs created by America.

This somehow indicates that China is prepared propaganda outlets to counter any charges that the new #coronavirus escaped from one of “Wuhan’s civilian or defense research laboratories.” n As per this report of the Washington Times, on January 26, China has deployed military forces to Wuhan to halt all travel out of the city of 11 million people in an effort to contain the outbreak of the virus.

Though @DrTedros wanted people to keep commuting with China. n “Coronaviruses (particularly SARS) have been studied in the institute and are probably held therein,” Dr. Shoham said. “SARS is included within the Chinese BW program, at large, and is dealt with in several pertinent facilities.” n Dr.Soham further added: It is not known whether the institute’s coronaviruses are specifically
included in China’s biological weapons program but it is POSSIBLE.

I’m sharing the link to the article again. Read each word carefully. (washingtontimes.com/news/2020/jan/…) n As per the account of a Chinese Intelligence Officer’s account, the sample was to be handed over to the CIA by a traitor leaked during delivery in the animal market.

It spread vigorously & infected millions in a go. (ufospotlight.wordpress.com/2020/02/13/chi…) n Not to forget the news of 5million leaving Wuhan before the lockdown, but none cared to find or ask that where did they go? 5million!!!! (scmp.com/news/china/soc…) n So far I have established clearly how @WHO has played puppet’s role being played by China. Refer to this thread of 50 tweets.

Now I’m going to expose China further from 52/n.Aabhas Maldahiyar @Aabhas24

1/n #SadarPranam @kavita_krishnan to Ishvara within u & to other China Employees. @SrBachchan is absolutely correct & not a “Racist”.

In this thread, I explain how #China has unleashed the #Covid is & what role @DrTedros has played.

Read the whole of History.👇 https://twitter.com/kavita_krishnan/status/1243168592247414785 …

View image on Twitter

Kavita Krishnan@kavita_krishnanIndia’s yesteryear superstar @SrBachchan spends his lockdown tweeting superstitious, irrational rubbish, & now amplifying racist memes. #CoronaRacist spotted. Sir, this isn’t subtle. It’s blatant (and stupid) racism. https://twitter.com/SrBachchan/status/1242842009200549895 …7,245Twitter Ads info and privacy5,836 people are talking about thisn In the first week of February, China decides to quarantine the city of Shenzhen in Guangdong Province, causing a “mad rush” to Hong Kong as (infected) citizens flee to other nations. This report came on February 7, 2020.

A thriller Novel!! (naturalnews.com/2020-02-07-chi…) n Here are a few excerpts from the above-shared report.

Here’s the translated text that explains this. Just remember, automated machine translations from Chinese to English are very difficult, so the English appear quite broken: n Shenzhen News Network reported: the Shenzhen Municipal People’s Government said on the 7th, all communities will be 100% closed management, if there are confirmed cases of residential “hard isolation” for 14 days, and organize “regulatory service team” to +++ n …do key ethnic groups tracking, where there is a history of close contact with the case 100% of the implementation of centralized isolation, households also want to take temperature and other measures.

n According to the report:

Shenzhen, in Southern China, is very close to Hong Kong. This explains why Shenzhen residents are fleeing to Hong Kong, no doubt bringing more infections with them. Many residents will attempt to take flights out of Hong Kong n … in order to escape the draconian quarantine, which means of course that some of these people will be inadvertently spreading the coronavirus pandemic to yet more countries, including the United States, which still accepts flights from Hong Kong and China. n As the excerpt of the report in 57/n, flights were still operating to the USA & other Countries from Hong-Kong.

According to the attached report around 36 flights operated between Hong-Kong and the USA.

Why during a lockdown? (forbes.com/sites/tedreed/…) n As per the report as China chased the outbreak with ever-expanding quarantines, the citizens who live in those areas are attempting to flee before the quarantine, causing a mass exodus of infected individuals who would have otherwise probably just stayed home. n If not for the draconian quarantine measures enacted by the Chinese government. In effect, the quarantines are accelerating the spread of the virus to other countries due to this “fleeing” effect.

This report of @nytimes substantiates it.

https://www.nytimes.com/svc/oembed/html/?url=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.nytimes.com%2F2020%2F02%2F06%2Fworld%2Fasia%2Fcoronavirus-china.htmln Now what gets interesting that even @WHO & @CDCgov were undermining #ChineseVirus though the toll was 30k + by then. But Nancy Messonnier from CDC herself nullifies official statements. (bloomberg.com/news/articles/…) n According to the @CDCgov official statements the #ChineseVirus19 is no big deal, is completely under control, and poses no threat to western nations. Anyone who contradicts that official narrative is immediately branded a “conspiracy source.” (naturalnews.com/2020-02-07-cdc…) n The @CDCgov claims the authoritative power to medically kidnap anyone at any time (check link) and yet no one at the CDC answers to the American Citizens. (cdc.gov/quarantine/spe…) n Check this tweet of Feb 10, 2020. Does it seem only few have died?

China was in mess but they were reporting as if nothing has happened.

Arab and Fuhrer

A thread by Aabhas Maldahiyar 🇮🇳

#SadarPranam to Ishvara within u @ImranKhanPTI .Perhaps no one taught u the history of ideology that you follow.

Nazis had 0influence on RSS bt MuslimBrotherhood not only drew inspiration but also help from Nazis.

Read this thread 👇🏼where I provide records from this book.Imran Khan@ImranKhanPTI

This is the RSS ideology that threatens not just Kashmiris or Pakistan or even just Indian Muslims, Christians & Dalits but India itself as envisaged by its Founding Fathers. https://www.haaretz.com/amp/opinion/hitlers-hindus-indias-nazi-loving-nationalists-on-the-rise-1.5628532?__twitter_impression=true …Hitler’s Hindus: The rise and rise of India’s Nazi-loving nationalistsThe ‘Hitler’s Den’ pool parlor that shocked me on a round-India trip 10 years ago was no outlier. Admiration for Nazism – often reframed with a genocidal hatred for Muslims – is rampant in the Hindu…haaretz.com48.3KTwitter Ads info and privacy29.2K people are talking about this

n With the rise of “Hitler” he was praised all across Arabia.

In 1938 various Arabian Magazines compared him with Prophet Muhammad.

Hitler was also considered 12th Imam.

Source of Snippet: Pg30

n A printer in Tehran produced Hitlers’s picture with Imam Ali. It depicted that Ali was first Imam while Hitler last.

They compared Muhammad’s struggle against Jews with that of Hitler.
In demonstrations at Damascus (1940), Aleppo sung: In heaven Allah, on earth Hitler.

Pg31

n Then King Ibn Sad of Saudi Arabia conveyed: the greatest respect & admiration for German Führer.

The king of Egypt Farouk sent Hitler a message of respect in spring of 1941.
Pg31

n The Pictures of Hitler were being displayed in shop windows of Baghdad.

 

 

 

 

A French Physician reported from Cairo: “In the Islamic world the Führer is credited with supernatural powers….he is Prophet who opposes Jews”

Snippet:pg 31

n Pg 32
Though “Mein Kampf” included passage against Muslims too, it was specifically translated in Arabic removing those passage after agreement with Hitler.

In Arab world, Hitler’s image as campaigned against Jews was publicised strongly.

How opportunist was M Brotherhood!

n Pg 33
In 1937 a senior Egyptian Police Officer 

proposed to be transform police force into Nazi Model.

In October1938, Arabic versions of “Mein Kempf” were distributed in a Islamic Parliamentarian Conference at Cairo.

n Pg33,
Young Egypt Movement (a Muslim Brotherhood campaign) adopted Facist salutes, uniforms, torch light processions despite being anti-west by philosophy.

It speaks of dual character of M Brotherhood.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

n Pg34,
Labanese Phalange (1936) adopted Führer Model,had Nazi like flag,raised hand salute.

Ibn Saud declared open support to Nazis in 1939 for friendship with Mufti. He let his land be used for German weapons shipment to Palestine.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

n Pg35,
1939, Al-Futuwa was created in model of Hitler Youth. Pan-Islamic +Pro-Nazi stand has become very prominent by then.

In 1935-36,a future German lieutenant saw large portraits of Hitler & reported following abt Kurds: they considered Führer as idol.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

n Pg36
Nazism was new favourite among Arabs.

In Spanish Morocco, the Hitler salutation was given Islamic legitimation by shouting “Allah is great” & raised right hand.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

n Pg 37,
On March 31,1933 the Mufti of Jerusalem visited German Counsel & assured him that the Muslims “welcome the new German regime & anticipate spread of Fascism & anti democratic state leadership to other countries.

Arab press had become tool of Nazi propaganda.

n Hanaf Hasan addressed Führer as “Hitler the great” & even thanked Nazis.

Among Arabs, Fascism & Hitler was considered the most important man of 20th century.

And idiots like @PJkanojia would say RSS was getting inspired by RSS in hat era.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

n Pg39,
Auni el-Hal

di admitted proudly admitted of translating Mein Kampf.

On Prophet’s birthday,1936 pictures of Hitler & Mussolini were on display in various parts of Arabia.

Arab always used to over enthusiast for “Heil Hitler”.

The Nazi symbol was best to secure oneself

n Pg39,
Arabs always longed for their own Führer

n Pg 40
Hitler always showed his sympathy for Muslims in Palestine.

n And don’t miss the video attached in the quoted tweet wgerecine can see Grand Mufti meeting his great friend Hitler.Aabhas Maldahiyar @Aabhas24

The Grand Mufti of Jerusalem was great friend of Hitler and it was because of Mufti that the whole Muslim world largely had the support of Nazis.

Hitler was called 12th Imam in the Arab World.

In this video see the Grand Mufti meeting Hitler.

Embedded video

1,972Twitter Ads info and privacy1,639 people are talking about thisAabhas Maldahiyar @Aabhas24

The Grand Mufti of Jerusalem was great friend of Hitler and it was because of Mufti that the whole Muslim world largely had the support of Nazis.

Hitler was called 12th Imam in the Arab World.

In this video see the Grand Mufti meeting Hitler.

Embedded video

1,972Twitter Ads info and privacy1,639 people are talking about this

CAA-Polity or Humanity ?

There has been lot of uproar ever since the Citizenship Amendment Bill became Citizenship Amendment Act 2019. This has been rebuffed by the political parties, news agencies, foreign diplomats. However, no specific answer could be had about the furor.

How is Citizenship determined

A person can be Indian Citizen by birth, descent, registration and naturalisation as per Citizenship Act, 1955

  • By birth:
    • Every person born in India after 25.01.50 but before 01.07.1987,
    • Every person born between 01.07.1987 and 02.12.2004, if either of parent was Indian Citizen at the time of birth
    • Every person born after 03.12.2004, if either of parent is Indian Citizen and other is not an illegal migrant.
  • By Descent:
    • A person born outside India after 25.01.1950, if father was a citizen of India by birth.
    • A person born outside India between 10.12.1992, 04.12.2004, if either of his/her parent was a citizen of India by birth.
    • If a person born outside India after 02.12.2004 has to acquire citizenship,
  • By Registration:
    • A person of Indian origin been a resident of India for 7 years
    • A person of Indian origin who is a resident of any country outside undivided India.
    • A person who is married to an Indian citizen and is ordinarily resident for 7 years.
    • Minor children of persons who are citizens of India.
  • By Naturalization:
    • A person can acquire citizenship by naturalization if he/she is ordinarily resident of India for 12 years (throughout 12 months preceding the date of application and 11 years in the aggregate)
  • By Acquisition of Territory (not prescribed)
    • If India acquires a foreign territory, the residents of the territory naturally becomes Citizens of India

Government’s Powers to regulate, define special category under several acts passed from time to time

The Foreigners Act, 1946 (TFA) defines a foreigner as a person who is not a citizen of India. Section 3 gives power to Central Government (CG) to make provisions in respect of a particular foreigner, prescribed class for prohibiting, regulating or restricting the entry of foreigners. Section 3A (b) of TFA, (w.e.f. 19.1.1957) empowers CG to pass an order exempting any individual foreigner or class or description of foreigner.

The Passport (Entry into India) Act, 1920 (TPEIA) Section 3(2)(a) empowers CG to exempt either absolutely or on any condition, of any person or class of persons rules requiring possession of passports. The rules made under this section should be passed in both Houses of Parliament within 30 days. The section 4 of TPEIA empowers any officer of CG to arrest and under section 5 CG may in general or special order direct the removal of any person without a passport.

The Passport Act, 1967 (TPA) authorises Government to issue travel documents such as (a) emergency certificate for person; (b) certificate of identity of the purpose of establishing the identity of person; (c) or other document as may be prescribed

Amendments in Citizenship Act

The laws are doctrines but need amendment according to the situation. There have been five amendments (1986, 1992, 2003, 2005, 2019) in The Citizenship Act 1955 including the recent one in 2019. The Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2003, was more stringent with regard to illegal migrants from Bangladesh and provided that either parent should not be an illegal migrant.

The Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2019 provides that any person belonging to Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist, Jain, Parsi or Christian community from Afghanistan, Bangladesh or Pakistan, who entered into India on or before the 31.12.2014 shall not be treated as illegal migrant. and that aggregate period of residence shall be reduced to 5 years from 11 years earlier for grant of Citizenship

It is apparent from the provisos, that CAA2019 provides fast track citizenship to the minorities in the three countries adjacent to India. The other communities are still eligible for citizenship through registration and naturalisation process. CAA2019 doesn;t takes away someone’s Citizenship.

Gandhiji’s promise to Hindus and Sikhs remained in Pakistan

Mahatma Gandhi on 07.07.1947 said that Hindus and Sikhs living in Pakistan have a right to come here if they do not want to live there. The GOI is bound to provide them employment, citizenship and comfortable life. Nehru was also of the similar view as those people never demanded partiion, they were the victims of the partition. In his interview, Kerala Governor Arif Mohammad Khan told ANI [article published on 21.12.2019]

There is no clear data on Non-Muslim population residing in Pakistan and Bangladesh. Independent Pakistan first carried out their census in 1951 and last one was 1998. The Non-Muslim Population remained in the range of 2-3% as per Pakistan as per their census. Bangladesh population census clearly shows a decline in non-muslims population from 23.2% to 9.6% in 2011.

Amid, the news of forced conversion surface every now and then from Pak and Bangladesh and even a percentile decline in persecuted minorities in these countries makes one to think of the promises our leaders once made, sub-standard life adjudicated and atrocities that are carried to them.

The Government of India shaped an overdue promise in to a Law without disturbing status of Indian Citizens.

References: https://indiacode.nic.in/bitstream/123456789/6803/1/foreigners_act_1946.pdf https://portal2.passportindia.gov.in/AppOnlineProject/pdf/passports_act.pdf https://mha.gov.in/PDF_Other/act1920_17042017.pdf https://indiancitizenshiponline.nic.in/citizenshipact1.htm http://egazette.nic.in/WriteReadData/2019/214646.pdf https://www.drishtiias.com/to-the-points/Paper2/citizenship-of-india https://www.aninews.in/news/national/politics/citizenship-act-fulfills-promise-made-to-minorities-in-pakistan-by-gandhi-nehru-kerala-governor20191221205113/ https://www.indiatoday.in/india/story/pakistan-bangladesh-non-muslim-population-citizenship-amendment-bill-bjp-1627678-2019-12-12

Hindu Elements in Indian Constitution.

Struggle for Hindu Existence

Part. 3Part. 4

Hindu Elements in Indian Constitution. The implication of Hindu Culture and Tradition in Indian Constitution.

IC Pic 1 pg frontUpananda Brahmachari | Hindu Existence Bureau | 26 January 2014:: India i.e. Bharat is celebrating its 65th anniversary of adopting its Constitution as it was taken granted on the day of 26th January, 1950. We are very much proud for the Indian Constitution and celebrating the Republic Day, but we never look through the Hindu Elements in Indian Constitution or the implication of Hindu Culture and Tradition in it.

The partition of India in 1947, made this unique land of cultural unity divided into two pieces on the basis of two nation theory, Hindu-Muslim basis which was undesirable to the majority people.  But, the communal minority Muslims procured their holy land of Pakistan on the strength swords and the cunning politics in connivance of the British who adopted ‘divide-&-rule’ policy.

Though least blood shedder and…

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COVID19 – Challenges and Opportunities for India !

Corona-virus has brought down wheels of economies to a stand still with almost all countries in lockdown or emergency mode. Some economies took the risk of continuing production, but ultimately resorted to Lockdown. There is no vaccine at the moment. If at all a vaccine is found, it will take months for its commercial production. Economics, Strategists, Governments are struggling with the damage caused by Pandemic. The immediate priority of the Governments is saving lives, lest Pandemic can be more deadlier as have been in past.

The impact of such pandemics is immense in terms of lives we lose. The impact is demotivating if not devastating on the Economies. The challenges to be faced next will be bringing back economies to normal, unemployment, NPAs, Growth. Historically, Mankind has faced several natural disasters, man made disasters since the start of the civilization.

World GDP has become 18 times (on nominal basis) while Population increased by 4.6 times. In simple terms, the need and life style of people has grown by 4 times in last 120 years. Table below depicts the journey of World GDP, and growth of Population. World output has been mounted by 5 times since start of 20th Century. The New world is no more local, it is inter-twinned, inter-woven. The extent of dependency of economies on each other is paramount.

Any slow down or change in improved lifestyle is demotivating to devastating. Stopping a wheel of 90 Trillions and starting it again will need lot of reshuffling, realignment, stimulus, and top of all TIME. Pandemics are not new to the civilization in past one hundred years at least on 2 occasions the world got devastated. While the countries recover psychologically, there will be change in Economic world order. As will be discussed later, the world’s input needs are highly concentrated to one country China. The Pandemic has caused economies to rethink to avoid recurrence of such havoc again.

The confidence of the world is eroding the way CCP, WHO handled the Pandemic. In order to diversify and mitigate the losses, big countries like US, Japan, Italy, UK have already expressed their willingness to shift manufacturing base from China to other countries. China’s exports close to 2.5 Trillion Dollars on yearly basis (2018). The number is close to the overall GDP of India on nominal basis. People look this event as an opportunity for shift of manufacturing base from China to India. Let us evaluate various factors in context of India in the event their is substantial or large chunk of manufacturing base to India. We are evaluating this scenario because next better available option to world is Vietnam and Indonesia lack availability of Manpower (a basic ingredient to manufacturing process).

First let us examine the kind of opportunity we are dealing with. China’s big trading partners are the big economies where labour is costlier. To domesticate their consumption, these economies don;t have kind of cheaper inputs of production. If at all these countries start to manufacture their own needs, the prices of outputs will be much higher. Let us evaluate the Chinese trade into type of goods being exported, imported and country wise transaction.

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The Exports of China of $2.5 Trillions mainly includes Capital goods of $ 1.15 Trillions such as Transportation, Machines and Electronics. Capital goods export is almost 46% of its total exports . Next highest category is Consumer Goods (Textiles, Footwears, Wood, Hides and Skins, Food Products, Vegetables, etc.). The exports to US were 20%, Hongkong 12%, Japan 6%, South Korea 4.5%, UK 2.3%, Australia 1.9% Vietnam, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, Thailand put together 11%.

China’s Imports of $ 2.13 Trillion in 2018 included imports 10% from South Korea, 9.2% from Japan, 8% from USA, Germany 5.4%, Australia 5.4%, Brazil 3.9%, Vietnam, Malaysia and Thailand 8.8% and rest other countries. The major component imported were Electrical and electronic equipment 24%, fuels 16%. Rest of imports largely commodities such as metals, non-metals.

China’s top trading partners’

China’s Export to its top trading partner US included 152 $B of electrical machinery, Machinery 117 $B, furniture and bedding B$, toys and sports equipment 27$B and Plastics were 19$B. China imported Aircraft 18 $B, machinery 14B$, Electrical Machinery 13$B, Medical instruments 10$$B, agricultural products 9.3 $B. US Also exported 59 $B services to China.

China’s export to Japan 2nd largest trading partner were Electrical machinery of 52.4B$, machinery of 31.1 B$ clothing 18 B$, and chemicals worth 12 B$. China imported from Japan 52 B$ of machinery, 32 B$of Electrical machinery, chemicals worth 24B$, transport equipments 14.4B$ during 2018.

Hong Kong is China’s 3rd largest trading partner. It can be termed as China’s trading hub since almost all the goods exported by Hongkong to China are for re-export. China’s Export during 2018 to Hong Kong were Electrical machinery of 160 B$, machinery of 44 B$ medical equipments 10 B$. China imported from Hongkong 198 B$ of machinery, 19 B$ of Electrical machinery, and machinery of 39 B$ during 2018. Hongkong’s Import and Export were almost 44.2% and 46.3% respectively and exclusively with China

We see demonstrated above how big is the trade we are talking about. The total foreign trade of China is approxiately 4.5 Trillion $. Its 150% of India’s GDP alone. Shifting base from China to other countries would mean a retaliatory action by China to shift its import base as well. We saw it is not that simple. Another weighing evaluation for sustainable growth of Output is Cost of Factor of production which includes Labour, Rent and Capital cost. The other qualitative factors are supply chain. Let us evaluate each parameter one by one.

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Cost of wages

China’s average wage is 72000 CNY per year, the minimum wage is around 29800 CNY per year, this translates into 43000 CNY (assuming 30% white collar and 70% blue collar); Average of manpower cost is 495 $/P.M.. In India, minimum wage is around 5340 INR/P.M., wages of low skilled labour is 10900 INR/P.M. and wages of high skilled labour is 43200 INR/P.M. The average manpower cost is approximately 212 $/P.M. Personal Income tax rate in China is 45% and Social security tax rate is 48%. While Individual Personal Tax rate is 15-33%, Provident fund is also 24% on basic. Hence The Gap between Disposable Individual Income of two countries narrows down to 65% due to higher SST and IT.

China’s weighted average manpower cost is costlier by 134% as compare to India. Hence this is advantageous not only in terms of Cost but the availability of Manpower is not an immediate constraint.

Capacity and Capability building will emerge as a challenge going forward !!
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Availability of Power

Cost of Electricity a major component in production. China’s Electricity cost is 0.52 RMB/KWH while the same in India is 5.94 INR/KWH. In Dollar both country’s cost of electricity comes out to be 0.078 USD. Availability of uninterrupted power supply for Industrial production is at present a challenge for India. Although, NDA-II Government under the leadership of PM Shri Narendra Modi has geared up for this future need. The All India installed capacity As on 31.03.2020 is 370 GW, a jump of impressive 50% in NDA’s regime. However, the consumption grew by 36% in same period. Currently in 2019 the total consumption of electricity stands at 277 GW (1196309 GWh). A surplus of 107 GW at the moment. Transmission and Distribution Losses (T&D) were appx 20 % in India very high as against averages of world average of 8%. China’s T&D losses reported 5.91% in 2012. The current consumption of electricity by Industrial segment is 41%. We can cater the additional demand for electricity by cutting down T&D losses and utilizing unutilised capacity. But will that be enough if we need to cater increased demand from the world post Pandemic sentiments. This will need a short term as well as long term planning.

China’s 2018, Industrial power consumption sore to 4.72 Trillion GWh (1.1 Trillion Watts) on ~40% of Manufacturing share in GDP. The proportional use of electricity consumed for export is around 341 MW. This is around the total output of India’s all production capacity. For Each increase in Production by 100 $ Billion 14 MW Power needed.

If we can bring down India’s T&D losses to world average of 6%, the balance 14% equivalent to 50 GW would only be sufficient to increase production by $ 300-350 Billion.

Availability of Power is ceiling on aspiration of availing opportunity.
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Logistics and infrastructure of India and China

Next crucial parameter to compare is Supply Chain Management (SCM) this includes movement of goods (Raw material, Finished goods) from and to ports. The big countries are very particular about quality and turn around time (TAT). We will need to evaluate how we can improve various parameters vital to improve our response time and quality of logistics. India ranks at 44th out of 160 countries, while China stands at 12th Rank in terms of Logistical Performance Index (LPI) published by World Bank in 2018. Smaller countries like Indonesia, Hongkong, Taiwan fares better in terms of LPI. Some of the criterion, which need an evaluation are

  • Customs clearing process
  • Quality of infrastructure in terms of accessibility of inputs and deliverability of outputs
  • Shipments at competitive prices
  • Competitive logical services
  • Ability to track and trace shipments and
  • Timeliness of deliverable

While other parameters can be matched in short run, Timeliness and quality of Infrastructure the are two parameters which India legs behind as compared to China.

Capital Cost in a country is driven by Prime Lending Rate (PLR). Sovereign Banks always use PLR as a tool to incentivize infra and business projects. Current PLR of both the countries China and India are at PAR. So this is not an issue in the evaluation of criterion

Rent is the yield of Investment in Property. This is another factor cost for manufacturing industries. The Rental yield rate is 3.5% in Delhi as compared to 1.8% in Shanghai or 2.5 in Beijing. The Property rates are 2-4 times costlier in Chinese metro cities as compared to India’s metropolitan cities. This way the Rental cost should be lesser in China by almost 40-60%. The State Governments can provide Land at subsidized rate in order to decentralize already choking metro cities. This can be combined with Modi Government’s existing policy of Smart City Project.

FM, Ms N Seetharaman, announced Corporate tax rate for Domestic companies of 25.17% not claiming tax exemptions and 26.0%-29.12% for the companies intend to claim exemptions and incentives. The Corporate Tax rate of 17.16% is a boon for New Domestic Manufacturing set up on or after 1st October 2019. Foreign entrepreneurs will like to setup their manufacturing units as Domestic company to avoid a higher tax rate of 41.60%-43.68%. New tax slabs will make Indian products more competitive vs Chinese output as Chinese Corporate tax rate of 25% is higher by 8% in case of New manufacturing units.

Availability of Technology or Rights to manufacture are assumed to be provided by Import countries at a royalty. Normal Royalty rates are 2-5%. This loss can be compensated from the savings in Manpower, Rentals and Income tax.

Bottom Line

Manpower, Corporate tax rate is a plus point to India in the current scenario of availing opportunity. Power Generation, Supply chain Infra will be a challenge. Our Visionary PM Modi ji has already announced a spent of INR 100 Lakh Crores (appx $ 1.35 Trillion in next 5 years) but this opportunity came too early.


CAA-Polity or Humanity ?

There has been lot of uproar ever since the Citizenship Amendment Bill became Citizenship Amendment Act 2019. This has been rebuffed by the political parties, news agencies, foreign diplomats. However, no specific answer could be had about the furor.

How is Citizenship determined

A person can be Indian Citizen by birth, descent, registration and naturalisation as per Citizenship Act, 1955

  • By birth:
    • Every person born in India after 25.01.50 but before 01.07.1987,
    • Every person born between 01.07.1987 and 02.12.2004, if either of parent was Indian Citizen at the time of birth
    • Every person born after 03.12.2004, if either of parent is Indian Citizen and other is not an illegal migrant.
  • By Descent:
    • A person born outside India after 25.01.1950, if father was a citizen of India by birth.
    • A person born outside India between 10.12.1992, 04.12.2004, if either of his/her parent was a citizen of India by birth.
    • If a person born outside India after 02.12.2004 has to acquire citizenship,
  • By Registration:
    • A person of Indian origin been a resident of India for 7 years
    • A person of Indian origin who is a resident of any country outside undivided India.
    • A person who is married to an Indian citizen and is ordinarily resident for 7 years.
    • Minor children of persons who are citizens of India.
  • By Naturalization:
    • A person can acquire citizenship by naturalization if he/she is ordinarily resident of India for 12 years (throughout 12 months preceding the date of application and 11 years in the aggregate)
  • By Acquisition of Territory (not prescribed)
    • If India acquires a foreign territory, the residents of the territory naturally becomes Citizens of India

Government’s Powers to regulate, define special category under several acts passed from time to time

The Foreigners Act, 1946 (TFA) defines a foreigner as a person who is not a citizen of India. Section 3 gives power to Central Government (CG) to make provisions in respect of a particular foreigner, prescribed class for prohibiting, regulating or restricting the entry of foreigners. Section 3A (b) of TFA, (w.e.f. 19.1.1957) empowers CG to pass an order exempting any individual foreigner or class or description of foreigner.

The Passport (Entry into India) Act, 1920 (TPEIA) Section 3(2)(a) empowers CG to exempt either absolutely or on any condition, of any person or class of persons rules requiring possession of passports. The rules made under this section should be passed in both Houses of Parliament within 30 days. The section 4 of TPEIA empowers any officer of CG to arrest and under section 5 CG may in general or special order direct the removal of any person without a passport.

The Passport Act, 1967 (TPA) authorises Government to issue travel documents such as (a) emergency certificate for person; (b) certificate of identity of the purpose of establishing the identity of person; (c) or other document as may be prescribed

Amendments in Citizenship Act

The laws are doctrines but need amendment according to the situation. There have been five amendments (1986, 1992, 2003, 2005, 2019) in The Citizenship Act 1955 including the recent one in 2019. The Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2003, was more stringent with regard to illegal migrants from Bangladesh and provided that either parent should not be an illegal migrant.

The Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2019 provides that any person belonging to Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist, Jain, Parsi or Christian community from Afghanistan, Bangladesh or Pakistan, who entered into India on or before the 31.12.2014 shall not be treated as illegal migrant. and that aggregate period of residence shall be reduced to 5 years from 11 years earlier for grant of Citizenship

It is apparent from the provisos, that CAA2019 provides fast track citizenship to the minorities in the three countries adjacent to India. The other communities are still eligible for citizenship through registration and naturalisation process. CAA2019 doesn;t takes away someone’s Citizenship.

Gandhiji’s promise to Hindus and Sikhs remained in Pakistan

Mahatma Gandhi on 07.07.1947 said that Hindus and Sikhs living in Pakistan have a right to come here if they do not want to live there. The GOI is bound to provide them employment, citizenship and comfortable life. Nehru was also of the similar view as those people never demanded partiion, they were the victims of the partition. In his interview, Kerala Governor Arif Mohammad Khan told ANI [article published on 21.12.2019]

There is no clear data on Non-Muslim population residing in Pakistan and Bangladesh. Independent Pakistan first carried out their census in 1951 and last one was 1998. The Non-Muslim Population remained in the range of 2-3% as per Pakistan as per their census. Bangladesh population census clearly shows a decline in non-muslims population from 23.2% to 9.6% in 2011.

Amid, the news of forced conversion surface every now and then from Pak and Bangladesh and even a percentile decline in persecuted minorities in these countries makes one to think of the promises our leaders once made, sub-standard life adjudicated and atrocities that are carried to them.

The Government of India shaped an overdue promise in to a Law without disturbing status of Indian Citizens.

References: https://indiacode.nic.in/bitstream/123456789/6803/1/foreigners_act_1946.pdf https://portal2.passportindia.gov.in/AppOnlineProject/pdf/passports_act.pdf https://mha.gov.in/PDF_Other/act1920_17042017.pdf https://indiancitizenshiponline.nic.in/citizenshipact1.htm http://egazette.nic.in/WriteReadData/2019/214646.pdf https://www.drishtiias.com/to-the-points/Paper2/citizenship-of-india https://www.aninews.in/news/national/politics/citizenship-act-fulfills-promise-made-to-minorities-in-pakistan-by-gandhi-nehru-kerala-governor20191221205113/ https://www.indiatoday.in/india/story/pakistan-bangladesh-non-muslim-population-citizenship-amendment-bill-bjp-1627678-2019-12-12

List of PSUs

Central public sector enterprises (CPSEs) are those companies in which the direct holding of the Central Government or other CPSEs is 51% or more.

As on 31.3.2015 there were 298 CPSEs wherein, 63 enterprises are yet to commence commercial operation. The remaining 235 are operating enterprises (covering 181 scheduled CPSEs & 54 CPSEs has been considered provisional).

There are 181 scheduled CPSEs, i.e. 64 Schedule ‘A’, 68 Schedule ‘B’, 45 Schedule ‘C’ and 4 Schedule ‘D’ CPSEs.[1]

PSUInc.MinistryHeadquartersSectorGroupRatna statusWebsite
Agriculture Insurance Company of India2002Ministry of FinanceNew DelhiServicesInsuranceaicofindia.com
Air India Express Limited1971Ministry of Civil AviationKochiKeralaServicesTransport Servicesairindiaexpress.in
Air India Engineering Services2006Ministry of Civil AviationMumbaiMaharashtraEnterprises Under Constructionairindia.in
Air India Limited2007Ministry of Civil AviationNew DelhiServicesTransport Servicesairindia.in
Airline Allied Services Limited1996Ministry of Civil AviationNew DelhiServicesTransport Services
Airports Authority of India1995Ministry of Civil AviationNew DelhiServicesTransport ServicesMiniratna Category – Iaai.aero
Akaltara Power2006Ministry of PowerChhattisgarhpfc.gov.in
Andrew Yule & Co Ltd1919Ministry of Heavy Industries & Public Enterprises D/o Heavy IndustriesKolkataWest BengalManufacturingMedium & light engineeringandrewyule.com
Antrix Corporation1992Department of SpaceBangaloreKarnatakaManufacturingMedium & light engineeringantrix.gov.in
Artificial Limbs Manufacturing Corporation of India1972Ministry of Social Justice and EmpowermentKanpurUttar PradeshManufacturingConsumer goodsalimco.in
Balmer Lawrie & Company1972Ministry of Petroleum and Natural GasKolkataWest BengalServices & ManufacturingMedium & light engineeringMiniratna Category – Ibalmerlawrie.com
Balmer & Lawrie Investments2001Ministry of Petroleum and Natural GasKolkataWest BengalServicesFinancial servicesbalmerlawrie.com
BEL Optoelectronic Devices (BEL)1990Ministry of Defence D/o Defence ProductionPuneMaharashtraManufacturingMedium & light engineeringUncategorized
Bengal Chemicals & Pharmaceuticals1981Ministry of Chemicals & Fertilizers D/o PharmaceuticalsKolkataWest BengalManufacturingChemicals & pharmaceuticalsbengalchemicals.gov.in
Bharat Coking Coal1972Ministry of CoalDhanbadJharkhandMiningCoal & ligniteMiniratna Category – lbcclweb.in/
Bharat Dynamics1970Ministry of Defence D/o Defence ProductionHyderabadTelanganaManufacturingMedium & light engineeringMiniratna Category – Ibdl-india.com/
Bharat Earth Movers (BEML)1964Ministry of Defence D/o Defence ProductionBangaloreKarnatakaManufacturingTransportation equipmentMiniratna Category – Ibemlindia.com
Bharat Electronics Limited1954Ministry of Defence D/o Defence ProductionBangaloreKarnatakaManufacturingMedium & light engineeringNavratnabel-india.com
Bharat Heavy Electricals (BHEL)1964Ministry of Heavy Industries & Public Enterprises D/o Heavy IndustriesNew DelhiManufacturingHeavy engineeringMaharatnabhel.com
Bharat Immunologicals and Biologicals Corporation1989Ministry of Science & Technology D/o BiotechnologyBulandshahrUttar PradeshManufacturingChemicals & Pharmaceuticalsbibcol.com
Bharat Petroleum1952Ministry of Petroleum and Natural GasMumbaiMaharashtraManufacturingPetroleum (refinery & Marketing)Maharatna[2]bharatpetroleum.com
Government of India (54%)
Bharat Pumps & Compressors1970Ministry of Heavy Industries & Public Enterprises D/o Heavy IndustriesAllahabadUttar PradeshManufacturingMedium & light engineeringbpcnaini.co.in
Bharat Refractories1974Ministry of SteelMiningOther minerals & metals
Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited2000Ministry of Communications & Information Technology D/o TelecommunicationsNew DelhiServicesTelecommunication ServicesMiniratna Category – Ibsnl.co.in
Bharatiya Nabhikiya Vidyut Nigam2003Department of Atomic EnergyChennaiTamil NaduEnterprises Under Constructionbhavini.nic.in
Bhartiya Rail Bijlee Corporation2007Ministry of PowerNew DelhiEnterprises Under Construction
Bihar Drugs & Organic Chemicals Limited1994Ministry of Chemicals & Fertilizers D/o PharmaceuticalsBiharDormant company
Bokaro Kodarma Maithon Transmission Company2007Ministry of PowerNew DelhiEnterprises Under Construction
Brahmaputra Cracker and Polymer Limited2006Ministry of Chemicals and FertilizersLepetkataAssamEnterprises Under Constructionbcplonline.co.in
Brahmaputra Valley Fertilizer Corporation2002Ministry of Chemicals & Fertilizers D/o FertilizerDibrugarhAssamManufacturingFertilizersbvfcl.com
Braithwaite & Company1976Ministry of Heavy Industries & Public Enterprises D/o Heavy IndustriesKolkataWest BengalManufacturingHeavy Engineeringbraithwaiteindia.com
Braithwaite, Burn & Jessop Construction Company1984Ministry of Heavy Industries & Public Enterprises D/o Heavy IndustriesKolkataWest BengalServicesContract & Construction Servicesbbjconst.com
Bridge and Roof Company1972Ministry of Heavy Industries & Public Enterprises D/o Heavy IndustriesKolkataWest BengalServicesContract & Construction ServicesMiniratna Category-Ibridgeroof.co.in
British India Corporation1981Ministry of TextilesKanpurUttar PradeshManufacturingTextileslal-imli.com
Broadcast Engineering Consultants India1995Ministry of Information & BroadcastingNew DelhiServicesIndustrial Development & Tech. Consultancy ServicesMiniratna Category – IIbecil.com
Cement Corporation of India1965Ministry of Heavy Industries & Public Enterprises D/o Heavy IndustriesNew DelhiManufacturingConsumer goodscciltd.in
Central Coalfields Limited1975Ministry of CoalJharkhandMiningCoal & LigniteMiniratna Category – Iccl.gov.in
Central Cottage Industries Corporation of India Limited1976Ministry of TextilesNew DelhiServicesTrading & Marketingcottageemporium.in
Central Electronics Limited1974Ministry of Science & Technology D/o Scientific & Industrial ResearchUttar PradeshManufacturingMedium & light engineeringcelindia.co.in
Central Mine Planning and Design Institute1975Ministry of CoalJharkhandServicesIndustrial Development & Tech. Consultancy ServicesMiniratna Category IIcmpdi.co.in
Central Railside Warehousing Company2007Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food & Public Distribution D/o Food & Public DistributionNew DelhiServicesTrading & Marketingcrwc.in
Central Warehousing Corporation1957Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food & Public Distribution D/o Food & Public DistributionNew DelhiServicesTrading & MarketingMiniratna Category – I
Certification Engineers International Limited1994Ministry of Petroleum and Natural GasNew DelhiServicesIndustrial Development & Tech. Consultancy ServicesMiniratna Category – Iceil.co.in
Chennai Petroleum Corporation1965Ministry of Petroleum and Natural GasChennaiTamil NaduManufacturingPetroleum (refinery & Marketing)Miniratna Category – Icpcl.co.in
Government of India (74%)
Coal India1973Ministry of CoalKolkataWest BengalMiningCoal & LigniteMaharatnacoalindia.in
Government of India (79.65%)
Coastal Karnataka Power Limited2006Ministry of PowerEnterprises Under Construction
Coastal Maharashtra Mega Power Limited2006Ministry of PowerEnterprises Under Construction
Coastal Tamil Nadu Power Limited2007Ministry of PowerNew DelhiEnterprises Under Construction
Cochin Shipyard1972Ministry of ShippingKochiKeralaManufacturingTransportation EquipmentMiniratna Category – Icochinshipyard.com
Container Corporation of India Limited1988Ministry of RailwaysServicesTransport ServicesNavratna Category – Iconcorindia.com
Cotton Corporation of India1970Ministry of TextilesMumbaiMaharashtraServicesTrading & Marketingwww.cotcorp.gov.in
Damodar Valley Corporation1948Ministry of PowerKolkataWest BengalElectricitydvcindia.org
Dedicated Freight Corridor Corporation of India2007Ministry of RailwaysNew DelhiEnterprises Under Construction
Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Limited1995Ministry of Urban DevelopmentDelhiServicesTransport Serviceshttp://www.delhimetrorail.com
East North Interconnection Company2007Ministry of PowerNew DelhiEnterprises Under Construction
Eastern Coalfields Limited1975Ministry of CoalAsansolWest BengalMiningCoal & Lignite
Educational Consultants India Limited1981Ministry of Human Resource Development D/o Secondary Education & Higher EducationUttar PradeshServicesIndustrial Development & Tech. Consultancy ServicesMiniratna Category – I
Electronics Corporation of India1967Department of Atomic EnergyHyderabadTelanganaMedium & light engineering
Engineering Projects (India) Limited1970Ministry of Heavy Industries & Public Enterprises D/o Heavy IndustriesServicesIndustrial Development & Tech. Consultancy ServicesMiniratna Category – II
Engineers India Limited1965Ministry of Petroleum and Natural GasServicesIndustrial Development & Tech. Consultancy ServicesNavratnawww.engineersindia.com
Export Credit Guarantee Corporationof India1957Ministry of Commerce & Industry D/o CommerceMumbaiMaharashtraServicesFinancial Services
FCI Aravali Gypsum & Minerals India Limited2003Ministry of Chemicals & Fertilizers D/o FertilizerJodhpurRajasthanMiningOther Minerals & MetalsMiniratna Category – IIfagmil.nic.in
Ferro Scrap Nigam Limited1979Ministry of SteelChhattisgarhManufacturingSteelMiniratna Category – II
Fertilisers and Chemicals Travancore1943Ministry of Chemicals & Fertilizers D/o FertilizerKeralaManufacturingFertilizersfact.co.in
Fertilizer Corporation of India Limited1961Ministry of Chemicals & Fertilizers D/o FertilizerNoida,Uttar PradeshManufacturingFertilizersfertcorpindia.nic.in
Food Corporation of India1965Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food & Public Distribution D/o Food & Public DistributionNew DelhiServicesTrading & Marketingfci.gov.in
Fresh & Healthy Enterprises2006Ministry of RailwaysServicesTransport Services
GAIL (India) Limited1984Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas