Antanio Maino

A thread by Aabhas Maldahiyar 🇮🇳

#SadarPranam to Ishvara within everyone in & supporting @INCIndia including you.

I did not want to, but I think we should again remember who #AntoniaMaino is.

I share information about the Criminal Family in this thread.Sanjay Jha@JhaSanjay

I just saw Arnab Goswami’s clip on Mrs Sonia Gandhi, Congress President.

Bro, you are a rat. A coward. And you are a frigging moron. How do you look your child in the eye, sicko?15.2K · Mumbai, IndiaTwitter Ads info and privacy7,073 people are talking about thisn It was always claimed in Election’s affidavit (2004) that #SoniaGandhi attended @Cambridge_Uni (snippet-1) which was later changed to Lennox Cook School, Cambridge.

n In 1972, #AntoniaMainoSonia took a job of an insurance agent of Oriental Fire Insurance, a public sector firm & showed her business address as the official residence of the then Prime Minister and her mother-in-law, Mrs Indira Gandhi despite being a foreigner.

CRIMINAL ACT. n As per the records she gave up her Italian Citizenship only in 1983.

Also note, her name indeed is #AntanioMaino , so I don’t know what was baffling people so much about it.

Thanks to @Swamy39 for getting records straight.

n Not to miss #AntoniaMaino ‘s father had fought in WWII alongside Hitler’s Wehrmacht on the eastern front. He was a loyal supporter of Mussolini & National Fascist Party.

One may like to read this interview with Stefano Maino. (outlookindia.com/magazine/story…) n Her name was already in the electoral roll of 1980 though she held Italian Passport till 1983.

Check this photocopy.

I’m revealing more facts from the next tweet 7/n.

n As you can clearly understand @JhaSanjay her illegal registration as a voter in January 1980, was a gross violation of the law, enough to cause cancellation of her visa. But the Delhi Chief Electoral Officer got her name deleted only in 1982. n There is a very important point to be noticed. Your leader @JhaSanjay is very fluent in “Russian” apart from “Italian” although she did undergo formal training for “English”. Not to miss, #AntoniaMaino along with her sisters Anushka and Nadia was given Russian name: Sonia. n I’ll talk about the Russian link later. It is even more interesting.

@JhaSanjay now I’m going to use the charge sheet prepared by #CBI for the issue of “antique thefts”.

At times I feel how do you guys face people for being led by such a fraudulent person #AntoniaMaino .

n In 1978, the commission of Inquiry headed by the SC Judge Mr.A.C.Gupta #AntoniaMainoSonia was found indulged in Criminal offense while buying shares of MTSPL & MHVPL.

Read the excerpts from the charge sheet.

n Coming back to 6/n. Her offense was punishable under Section 31 of the Representation of Peoples Act 1950, of a maximum sentence of one year & fine. #AntoniaMaino can’t even say that she was not willfully committing this grievous offense.Aabhas Maldahiyar @Aabhas24 · Replying to @Aabhas24

5/n Not to miss #AntoniaMaino ‘s father had fought in WWII alongside Hitler’s Wehrmacht on the eastern front. He was a loyal supporter of Mussolini & National Fascist Party.

One may like to read this interview with Stefano Maino.https://www.outlookindia.com/magazine/story/meeting-mr-maino/205112 …Meeting Mr Maino | Outlook India Magazineoutlookindia.comAabhas Maldahiyar @Aabhas24

6/n Her name was already in the electoral roll of 1980 though she held Italian Passport till 1983.

Check this photocopy.

I’m revealing more facts from the next tweet 7/n.

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2,428Twitter Ads info and privacy1,250 people are talking about thisn It is because to become a voter, one acknowledges Form 6 prepared under the Electors Rules 1960 in which affirmation of citizenship of India is essential. Hence she also committed offences under the Indian Penal Code, Sections 192 & 199, (3-year punishment).

#AntonioMaino , her sister and mother are candidates for inclusion in the Bofors bribery case FIR under Section 319 of the Cr.P.C., to be thus investigated and prosecuted.

Read the snippet of the charge sheet.

n The charge sheet further talks of one letter in the archives documents the regular payment of commission to #AntoniaMaino and the Maino family in Italy, arranged by the KGB.

n One letter [published in a Russian news daily Izvestia on June 27, 1992, in an article by Ms.Yevgenia Albats of Moscow News] was written by the then KGB chief, Viktor Chebrikov to the Central Committee of the CPSU.

Snippet1(Charge-Sheet excerpt)

Snippet 2 (TOI, 27-6-92)

n Correction to 15/n (the newspaper snippet is of @the_hindu, not ToI).

Why was #AntoniaMaino on the payroll of Soviet? Why was she fluent in Russian? I’m not saying she is(was) an agent of the USSR but was she? more from 17/n to be posted tomorrow.Aabhas Maldahiyar @Aabhas24 · Replying to @Aabhas24

14/n The charge sheet further talks of one letter in the archives documents the regular payment of commission to #AntoniaMaino and the Maino family in Italy, arranged by the KGB.

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Aabhas Maldahiyar @Aabhas24

15/n One letter [published in a Russian news daily Izvestia on June 27, 1992, in an article by Ms.Yevgenia Albats of Moscow News] was written by the then KGB chief, Viktor Chebrikov to the Central Committee of the CPSU.

Snippet1(Charge-Sheet excerpt)

Snippet 2 (TOI, 27-6-92)

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1,477Twitter Ads info and privacy772 people are talking about thisn So @JhaSanjay let us continue exposing the “Criminal Jewels” of the “Family”. Yesterday I had left it with News Report mentioning KGB Personal’s letter about funds being given to #AntoniaMaino . Let’s move ahead.Aabhas Maldahiyar @Aabhas24 · Replying to @Aabhas24

15/n One letter [published in a Russian news daily Izvestia on June 27, 1992, in an article by Ms.Yevgenia Albats of Moscow News] was written by the then KGB chief, Viktor Chebrikov to the Central Committee of the CPSU.

Snippet1(Charge-Sheet excerpt)

Snippet 2 (TOI, 27-6-92)

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Aabhas Maldahiyar @Aabhas24

16/n Correction to 15/n (the newspaper snippet is of @the_hindu, not ToI).

Why was #AntoniaMaino on the payroll of Soviet? Why was she fluent in Russian? I’m not saying she is(was) an agent of the USSR but was she? more from 17/n to be posted tomorrow. https://twitter.com/Aabhas24/status/1253439463381819393?s=20 …Aabhas Maldahiyar @Aabhas24Replying to @Aabhas2415/n One letter [published in a Russian news daily Izvestia on June 27, 1992, in an article by Ms.Yevgenia Albats of Moscow News] was written by the then KGB chief, Viktor Chebrikov to the Central Committee of the CPSU.

Snippet1(Charge-Sheet excerpt)

Snippet 2 (TOI, 27-6-92)
1,481Twitter Ads info and privacy806 people are talking about thisn The letter written on 13/12/85 also mentions about the use of 320,000 Rubles to consolidate the meetings during Rajiv Gandhi and Sonia Gandhi’s visit.
The letter mentions continual contact with the son of R Gandhi. @RahulGandhi certainly, u, is it not? U were 15 then, right?

n 3/71992 Ms.Tatiana Samolis, the spokesperson of the FIS, in a press briefing in Moscow [The Hindu 4/7/92, snippet]confirmed that such a connection between the KGB & Rajiv’s family had existed“in view of the ideological confrontation that prevailed in the world at that time”

n 1989 elections,the Mainos spent Rs.10 crores on select candidates of the @INCIndia to create cheerleaders for #AntoniaMaino . Hence, her mother, sister & she are thus guilty of offenses under IPC Sections 120B (+171C & 171H)as well as FERA & FCRA.

Snippet from Charge-sheet

n Now for following tweets I’ll quote from the @CIA document as seen in the image.

n On page-3 of the report, it is clearly mentioned that USSR used to direct most of the funds to Congress-I, and then to the Communists.

The USSR had controlled 35 years of first 35 Independent years of India.

n Initially I had spoken about “Antique Theft” by Maino in beginning.

Here is the visiting card of store “Ganpati” at Viale Regina Margherita, Orbassano & Image of the store owned by #AntoniaMaino ‘s sister.

n From the charge-sheet: In 1993 CBI had registered cases on such illegal exports from a Chennai Suburb to an identified person in Italy. Alitalia and Air India flights were used to send unchecked crates after crates misusing the SPG cover first to Italy .

n And then after creating ownership on paper, getting the contraband auctioned by Sotheebys and Christies, the
London auctioneers. The book “Sothebys-An Inside Story” gives some clues about such a racket. n Even @HRDMinistry owns enough materials in Notes on the file of Directors Generals of Archeological Survey of India to suggest precious ancient paintings were removed and declared “stolen” or missing but ended up in a house in Golf Links, New Delhi. n Even the “Festival of India” was used as a ploy to smuggle out such treasures. In arranging these delicate operations the Mainos took the help of Gov hands,
art expert Martand Singh, a Pakistani couple Muneer, and Farida Attaullah. n She even took the help of Pakistani fixer Salman Thassir a prince of Kuwait and even the LTTE. Thus, #AntoniaMaino and her Italian relatives are culpable for various offences under the Antiquities and Art Treasures Act as well as under Sections 295, 378 and 410 of
the IPC. n Now this is interesting @JhaSanjay . “Schweizer Illustrierte” published a story on 11/11/91 which disclosed that 14 rulers or ex-rulers of the third world countries have a deposit equivalent to Rs. 5 lakh 50 thousand crores in Swiss banks.

Check the snippet.

@JhaSanjay remember, it also had the name of Rajiv Gandhi.

The amount said to be deposited by Rajiv Gandhi in various Swiss Banks was 2 billion US dollars.

@JhaSanjay you know @Swamy39 did get the clarification of “Rajiv Gandhi’s name” & amount mentioned in the magazine.

Here is the snippet of the letter.

#AntoniaMaino suddenly decided to accompany Natwar Singh for the first bilateral trip to Russia. She traveled to the city of Vladimir and Suzdal, where her father Stefan Maino was POW. Now read this excerpt from @wikileaks & relate the quoted tweet.Aabhas Maldahiyar @Aabhas24 · Replying to @Aabhas24

15/n One letter [published in a Russian news daily Izvestia on June 27, 1992, in an article by Ms.Yevgenia Albats of Moscow News] was written by the then KGB chief, Viktor Chebrikov to the Central Committee of the CPSU.

Snippet1(Charge-Sheet excerpt)

Snippet 2 (TOI, 27-6-92)

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Aabhas Maldahiyar @Aabhas24

16/n Correction to 15/n (the newspaper snippet is of @the_hindu, not ToI).

Why was #AntoniaMaino on the payroll of Soviet? Why was she fluent in Russian? I’m not saying she is(was) an agent of the USSR but was she? more from 17/n to be posted tomorrow. https://twitter.com/Aabhas24/status/1253439463381819393?s=20 …Aabhas Maldahiyar @Aabhas24Replying to @Aabhas2415/n One letter [published in a Russian news daily Izvestia on June 27, 1992, in an article by Ms.Yevgenia Albats of Moscow News] was written by the then KGB chief, Viktor Chebrikov to the Central Committee of the CPSU.

Snippet1(Charge-Sheet excerpt)

Snippet 2 (TOI, 27-6-92)
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@JhaSanjay I’m sure that you would be aware of the fact that LTTE was responsible for the assassination of Rajiv Gandhi.

What did you Madame #AntoniaMaino do?

Sonia Gandhi’s plea for commuting the death
penalty for her husband’s killers? (archive.indianexpress.com/news/death-row…) n In providing 1 acre of land near the IGI Airport, for housing the Periyar Centre for the pro-LTTE & secessionist
DMK which had been indicted in R Gandhi’s assassination. Source: Jain
Commission(Part III, Vol.IV, Chapter VII, Pages 161-73) n There 7 key members were sentenced along with 19 others of the LTTE by the Supreme Court, for participating in the assassination conspiracy.

@JhaSanjay you may like to read this cover story by @PrabhuChawla . Check images for quick access. (media1.intoday.in/indiatoday/ima…)

@JhaSanjay this is a shame that your party President supported the Assasin Party of @INCIndia Party Member and PM Rajiv Gandhi.

Not to forget Mr Jain had warned of a very large international conspiracy. @HMOIndia you must act upon it.Aabhas Maldahiyar @Aabhas24 · Replying to @Aabhas24

34/n In providing 1 acre of land near the IGI Airport, for housing the Periyar Centre for the pro-LTTE & secessionist
DMK which had been indicted in R Gandhi’s assassination. Source: Jain
Commission(Part III, Vol.IV, Chapter VII, Pages 161-73)Aabhas Maldahiyar @Aabhas24

35/n There 7 key members were sentenced along with 19 others of the LTTE by the Supreme Court, for participating in the assassination conspiracy.@JhaSanjay you may like to read this cover story by @PrabhuChawla . Check images for quick access. http://media1.intoday.in/indiatoday/images/JainCommissionReport.pdf …

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Hindu-ism vs Hindu-tva

A thread by Aabhas Maldahiyar 🇮🇳

#SadarPranam @ShashiTharoor ji. Saw this fake table shared by @anubhavsinha & you.I chose to respond to you than former for I don’t like talking to bullies.

I have discussed myths abt “Hindutva & Hinduism” in my book #ModiAgain :An Ex-Communist’s Manifesto” too. (Pg 96-99)Shashi Tharoor@ShashiTharoor

An interesting, though incomplete, comparative table doing the rounds. #HinduismVsHindutva

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n I start of with 1st point & trust me what it says is exactly opposite of truth. I’m surprised a language expert like you falls on this trap.

I’ll explain #Hinduism & #Hindutva one by one. But before that let’s understand the root word “Hindu” as starter. Read on👇🏼

n Hindu is derived from the Sanskrit word Sindhu, which means “a large body of water”, covering “river, ocean”.It was used as the name of the Indus river and also referred to its tributaries. n The actual term ‘hindu’ first occurs as “a Persian geographical term for the people who lived beyond the river Indus (Sanskrit: Sindhu)”,more specifically in the 6th-century BCE inscription of Darius I.

Ref: Introduction to Hinduism by Gavin Flood,P 6.

n The 6th-century BCE inscription of Darius I mentions the province of Hi[n]dush, referring to northwestern India. The people of India were referred to as Hinduvān (Hindus) and hindavī was used as the adjective for Indian in the 8th century text Chachnama.

n Ref: On Hindu, Hindustān, Hinduism and Hindutva by Arvind Sharma & Numen
Vol. 49, No. 1 (2002), pp. 2-5

The term ‘Hindu’ in these ancient records is an ethno-geographical term & didn’t refer to a religion. There many such references.

Hence, HINDU~INDIAN (check snippets).

n Now let’s know suffix -ism a bit. Why was it used or when it became popular?

The first recorded usage of the suffix ism as a separate word in its own right was in 1680. By the 19th century it was being used by Thomas Carlyle to signify a pre-packaged ideology. n In the USA of the mid 19th century, the phrase “the isms” was used as a collective derogatory term to lump together the radical social reform movements of the day (such as slavery abolitionism, feminism, alcohol prohibitionism, Fourierism, pacifism, early socialism, etc). n It was also added for various spiritual or religious movements considered non-mainstream by the standards of the time (such as Transcendentalism, spiritualism or “spirit rapping”, Mormonism, the Oneida movement often accused of “free love”, etc.) n @ShashiTharoor sir u must be aware that all the -isms were about unilateral philosophy or idea. But isn’t Hindu practice all about plurality?

And as I explained you from 7/n-9/n, do you believe that “Hindu” idea is non-mainstream or just a radical social reform? n Let me make it even simpler. Take example of 3 very common -isms. I have attached respective images as well.
1)Surrealism
2)Expressionism
3)Cubism

Can you notice, that they come with so distinct appearance. it’s because of the unique philosophy embedded.

n And that’s where the problem comes when you add “-ism” to “Hindu”. You can’t limit it to singular idea hence in reality “Hinduism” is an oxymoron. Like we can’t ever say “Architecturism” though “Deconstructivism” is a type of architecture. n Likewise you can have “Shaivism”, “Vaishnavism” but not “Hinduism”. But we accepted this oxymoron with time as it became popular. Brits never understood the pluralistic Hindu idea & ended up adding -ism as they thought it on par of “rigid” Abrahmic ideas. n @ShashiTharoor sir did you ever wonder why “Islam” isn’t “Islamism” or “Christianity” not “Christianism”? But why do we have “Judaism” or “Hinduism”? You know, -ism was always added to practice which seemed inferior or not-mainstream. n If one understands -ism & believes in plurality of “Hindus” then Hinduism can never be “Hindu Dharma” rather Sanātana dharma. Hope you get it @ShashiTharoor sir. Now let me even elaborate a bit on Sanātana dharma. n For that we first need to understand what is Sanātana dharma. It means eternal order. Like “flow of water”. It’s nature of water to flow & every such order is Sanātana.

We mustn’t confuse “dharma” with”religion.” n Religion is institutions while Dharma is the way to strive to be right. Dharma tells to reject institution which shows wrong path.

Dharma signifies behaviours that are considered to be in accord with Ṛta, the order that makes life and universe possible. n It includes duties, rights,laws, conduct, virtues and “right way of living”. Eg, ‘Rajadharma’
means King’s Duty not Religion.

For Bhartiya understanding, Shaivism, Vaishnavism, Buddhism, Islam, Christianity are various Panth which means denominations.

Most fail to get it. n @ShashiTharoor sir,let me summarise what I have said so far in response to ur first point (snippet)
1)”Hindu”is anethno-geographic connotation & not religious at all.
2)Hinduism is an oxymoron though we use it for popularity.Often addition of-ism degrades the great “values”.

n You have been critical of #Hindutva a big time. Let me throw some light on it.

Hindutva is formed by adding -tva suffix (Pratyay) to Hindu. Now, what do you understand by -tva? In plain language adding -tva (ness) to a noun means :in state of being that noun. Eg. Naritva.

n The attached image will give better clarity of what -tva means.

So @ShashiTharoor sir, can you please explain how the ‘state of being “Hindu(Indian)”be wrong at all.

Who are we to interpret “Hindu”per comfort if Darius-I,the first one to use word had defined it other way.

n Is it so that someday in quest to interpret per comfort you will “assign any meaning to any word”? Then what’s the rationale of “conventions” & “dictionary” if words are to be interpreted per choice? That’s not fair sir. n That was the period when Islam was spreading on the power of “sword” & “qital fi sabilillah” was common. The Parsis had to take refuge in Hindu Rashtra “Bharata”. They were persecuted the worst as Islam was set to conquer Persia.

That’s “Hindutva” ie “state of being Hindu”

n References for 23/n
1) …
2 &3) Studies in Parsi history
byHodivala, Shahpurshah Hormasji, p 1-11 …
4) Historia Religionum, Volume 2 Religions of the Present
By G. Widengren P212 (iranicaonline.org/articles/parsi…) (archive.org/details/studie…) n @ShashiTharoor sir you might have read this book which I’m quoting.
The persecution was falling like brick bats on the Parsis.

“Zoroastrians: Their Religious Beliefs and Practices
By Mary Boyce P 147-50”

You may read this book in more detail should you wish to understand.

n Shuprabhat @ShashiTharoor sir. Yesterday I had stopped till point 1. Today I’m going to further call out remaining points of table shared by you. Please read on. I begin with lie no 2.,Aabhas Maldahiyar @Aabhas24

1/n #SadarPranam @ShashiTharoor ji. Saw this fake table shared by @anubhavsinha & you.I chose to respond to you than former for I don’t like talking to bullies.

I have discussed myths abt “Hindutva & Hinduism” in my book #ModiAgain :An Ex-Communist’s Manifesto” too. (Pg 96-99) https://twitter.com/ShashiTharoor/status/1214754453028364289 …

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Shashi Tharoor@ShashiTharoorAn interesting, though incomplete, comparative table doing the rounds. #HinduismVsHindutva3,351Twitter Ads info and privacy2,126 people are talking about this

@ShashiTharoor sir,none can trace how old is Sanātana dharma. Can someone trace from when water got the trait to flow. So how can one make a claim that Hinduism( Sanātana dharma) is thousands years old? 🤔I explained Sanātana dharma in 16/n & 17/nAabhas Maldahiyar @Aabhas24 · Replying to @Aabhas24

15/n If one understands -ism & believes in plurality of “Hindus” then Hinduism can never be “Hindu Dharma” rather Sanātana dharma. Hope you get it @ShashiTharoor sir. Now let me even elaborate a bit on Sanātana dharma.Aabhas Maldahiyar @Aabhas24

16/n For that we first need to understand what is Sanātana dharma. It means eternal order. Like “flow of water”. It’s nature of water to flow & every such order is Sanātana.

We mustn’t confuse “dharma” with”religion.”520Twitter Ads info and privacy210 people are talking about thisn As far term Hinduism is concerned,”-ism” was first time added to “Hindu” around 1830.
(Snippet1)
As per historical record “Hindutva” was coined in 1892 by Chandranath Basu.
(Snippet-2)

n Source for snippets above:

1)Introduction to Hinduism by Gavin Flood,P 6.

2) The Origins of Religious Violence: An Asian Perspective
By Nicholas F. Gier

So @ShashiTharoor point 2 also demolished.

@ShashiTharoor here is my rebuttal for third point of the table.

How absurd to say “Hinduism does not have one but many central texts.” Centre is always one, you don’t have multiple centres. 🤦🏻‍♂️

& you know,how contradictory you are with this comparison?

n I’ve already explained that “Hindutva” is nothing but state of being Hindu. So how can one not follow Hinduism (I use it for popularity) if he is “in state of being Hindu?”

It’s like saying water is not in “state of being water” though it’s flowing.

How many oxymorons? 🤔 n 31 years before Savarkar‘S “Hindutva: Who is Hindu”, “Chandranath Basu” published “Hindutva: An Authentic History of Hindus” in 1892 (snippet-2)

Source: 2) The Origins of Religious Violence: An Asian Perspective
By Nicholas F. Gier

@ShashiTharoor ,how many those who have shared this meme showed courage to stand up for Hindu texts?How many howled PM for gifting “Geeta”? How many stood up against notion that tried to remove “asto ma…” from KV? It was Hindutva which u blame,stoodAabhas Maldahiyar @Aabhas24

Sadar Pranam to Justice Nariman & Saran .I’m afraid that your encouragement towards erasing Sanskrit Prayer frm #KendriyaVidyalaya by calling it communal is step towards erasing INDIA. 👇🏼 I xpln how cc @RanjanGogoiCJI @Sanjay_Dixit @Shubhrastha @RituRathaur @ShefVaidya @sankrant960 · Bengaluru South, IndiaTwitter Ads info and privacy998 people are talking about this

@ShashiTharoor both “Hinduism” & “Hindutva”seems to have been first used in 19th Century (read quoted tweet). Though term Hinduism surely doesn’t hold chance to predate but Hindutva at least has chances being a Sanskrit word.Aabhas Maldahiyar @Aabhas24 · Replying to @Aabhas24

27/n @ShashiTharoor sir,none can trace how old is Sanātana dharma. Can someone trace from when water got the trait to flow. So how can one make a claim that Hinduism( Sanātana dharma) is thousands years old? 🤔I explained Sanātana dharma in 16/n & 17/n https://twitter.com/aabhas24/status/1214996985029120000?s=21 …Aabhas Maldahiyar @Aabhas24Replying to @Aabhas2416/n For that we first need to understand what is Sanātana dharma. It means eternal order. Like “flow of water”. It’s nature of water to flow & every such order is Sanātana.

We mustn’t confuse “dharma” with”religion.”
Aabhas Maldahiyar @Aabhas24

28/n As far term Hinduism is concerned,”-ism” was first time added to “Hindu” around 1830.
(Snippet1)
As per historical record “Hindutva” was coined in 1892 by Chandranath Basu.
(Snippet-2)

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279Twitter Ads info and privacy119 people are talking about thisAabhas Maldahiyar @Aabhas24 · Replying to @Aabhas24

27/n @ShashiTharoor sir,none can trace how old is Sanātana dharma. Can someone trace from when water got the trait to flow. So how can one make a claim that Hinduism( Sanātana dharma) is thousands years old? 🤔I explained Sanātana dharma in 16/n & 17/n https://twitter.com/aabhas24/status/1214996985029120000?s=21 …Aabhas Maldahiyar @Aabhas24Replying to @Aabhas2416/n For that we first need to understand what is Sanātana dharma. It means eternal order. Like “flow of water”. It’s nature of water to flow & every such order is Sanātana.

We mustn’t confuse “dharma” with”religion.”
Aabhas Maldahiyar @Aabhas24

28/n As far term Hinduism is concerned,”-ism” was first time added to “Hindu” around 1830.
(Snippet1)
As per historical record “Hindutva” was coined in 1892 by Chandranath Basu.
(Snippet-2)

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279Twitter Ads info and privacy119 people are talking about this@harikondabolu even Osama Bin Laden worshipped Allah,so by your logic he should be a good Muslim too.

That apart you mustn’t forget “Hindutva is state of being Hindu”. It’s fluidic. In part too we saved our Dharma through it and also gave refuge.Hari Kondabolu@harikondabolu

I’m a Hindu. I wear a saffron prayer string with Hanuman around my wrist. I pray every morning. I refuse to let Hinduism be defined by a Hindutva movement that is trying to redefine India as a Hindu nation & that is contributing to the persecution of Muslims.17.6KTwitter Ads info and privacy3,812 people are talking about thisHari Kondabolu@harikondabolu

I’m a Hindu. I wear a saffron prayer string with Hanuman around my wrist. I pray every morning. I refuse to let Hinduism be defined by a Hindutva movement that is trying to redefine India as a Hindu nation & that is contributing to the persecution of Muslims.17.6KTwitter Ads info and privacy3,812 people are talking about this@harikondabolu as replied in quoted tweet I’ve tried to explain you how important “Hindutva ie State of being Hindu is”. It not only protects but in past too has taken up aggression to defend. You should read this thread from 1/n

Sarvarkar

A thread by Aabhas Maldahiyar 🇮🇳

#SadarPranam to Ishwara within you @waglenikhil ji. I’m sorry to say but you are spreading fake information about #Savarkar ‘s “Six Golden Pages” & also exposing ur flawed vocabulary skills. Read this string & respond(bt not b4 n/n)or else apologise for fakery. @Shubhrasthanikhil wagle@waglenikhil

The most poisonous book written by Savarkar is ‘Six Golden Pages’( Saha Soneri Pane in original Marathi). It is totally anti-Muslim and communal where he propagates his Hindutva theories. India supported Gandhi, rejected Savarkar and RSS.2,327Twitter Ads info and privacy1,506 people are talking about thisn Let’s begin checking ur “use of words” as starter. You say “…totally anti-Muslim & Communal..” Any idea what does”communal”mean?

Is being Communal~Anti-Muslim? NO It’s not.

Definition of “Communal” in image2. In short anything relating to “one community” is “Communal”.

n So @waglenikhil by internationally accepted definition of “Communal” anyone calling “anti religion~communal” is but a FOOL. Do you get it?

Further,bcoz you have spoken for Gandhi, while shunning Savarkar. Let me give you a comparative though I’m an admirer of Gandhi. Read👇🏼 n On October 7, 1905, Savarkar staged his first dissident act when he incited a group of students to burn a pile of foreign clothes. He was first Indian Political leader to call for Swadeshi. He was 22 then. Cc @Sanjay_Dixit

n The bonfire was criticised by Gokhale, the moderate leader who was the Guru of same Gandhi ji who did bonfire of foreign clothes 17 years afterwards.
@waglenikhil can u clarify if Savarkar was wrong in 1905 or Gandhi in 1922,as Gokhale was against it,though Guru of Bapu)? n Now, what was Gandhi Ji doing when he was 22? Any idea?

Gandhi, at age 22, was called to the bar in June 1891 and then left London for India. His attempts at establishing a law practice in Bombay failed because he was psychologically unable to cross-examine witnesses.

n He returned to Rajkot to make a modest living drafting petitions for litigants, but he was forced to stop when he ran afoul of a British officer Sam Sunny.

Ref: MAHATMA
Life of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
Volume 1 [1869-1920], p 61-62
Link: (mkgandhi.org/ebks/Mahatma_V…)

n Following the bonfire ,the Principal of Ferguson College expelled Savarkar & fined Rs10.He became not only the first Indian leader to make a bonfire of foreign cloth but also the first Indian student who was rusticated frm a Government-aided institution for political reasons.

n Refernce for 4/n & 5/n

Life of Swatantryaveer Vinayak Damodar Savarkar

Book by Dhananjay Keer​, Chapter 2, Paragraph 4-6

Link (esamskriti.com/essays/docfile…) n Savarkar was the first Indian leader of India to daringly proclaim absolute political independence of India as her goal (EVEN BEFORE LOKMANYA TILAK called Swaraj a birth right).

Reference: Life of Swatantryaveer Vinayak Damodar Savarkar

by Dhananjay Keer​, Ch 1,Paragraph 9

n Savarkar spoke about complete independence in 1904, when he was 21 while at 21 Gandhi was struggling to establish his “Law Practice.”
That apart Gandhi had even proposed “Dominion Status” over “Complete Independence”.

Ref Pg12 in (shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in/bitstream/1060…)

n Savarkar was the first barrister who was refused the degree on account of his political line of thought by the British Government.

Reference: Life of Swatantryaveer Vinayak Damodar Savarkar

by Dhananjay Keer​, Ch 4,Paragraph 5 (esamskriti.com/essays/docfile…)

n On the other hand, as explained earlier, Gandhi was called to Bar but failed to practice.

Savarkar was the first graduate to lose the degree from an Indian University (Bombay University) for his love of independence.

n Reference for 13/n

Life of Swatantryaveer Vinayak Damodar Savarkar

by Dhananjay Keer​, Ch 6,Paragraph 8
(University rescinded its 1911 decision in April 1960 & reconferred the degree)

@waglenikhil can you pl quote any such incidence related to Gandhi? n Savarkar was the first Indian leader to invest the problem of Indian independence with international importance.

Ref for 15/n & 16/n:

Life of Swatantryaveer Vinayak Damodar Savarkar

by Dhananjay Keer​, Ch 3, Paragraph 9-12

n Wrote Sir Valentine C in the London Times “…The Chitpavan Brahmin whose bent of mind is far practical works in silence.Even as the Bengali did the shouting it was Pune that provided the brains that directed the Bengali extremists”.

@waglenikhil while Gandhi was to make a mark in Indian Independence Movement, Savarkar a 25 year old youth was already making Brits chew hard nuts.

And of course Savarkar was the first Indian leader to organize revolutionary movement right in the heart of London. n Savarkar was the 1st Indian leader to call out British bluff that 1857wasn’t a mutiny of sepoys in few regiments but a revolt of Indian masses against the British which sustained for 2+years.

Ref:Life of Swatantryaveer Vinayak Damodar Savarkar

by Dhananjay Keer​,Ch4Para14

n He also highlighted the cruelty of British during that period who slaughterd outright ordinary Indians on flimsiest pretexts.He was the 1st Indian leader to celebrate 50th anniversary of 1857.

Life of Swatantryaveer Vinayak Damodar Savarkar

by Dhananjay Keer​, Ch3,Para 7

n While Savarkar was having bold impact on Independence movement & making Britain chew hard nuts,Gandhi met him in 1909at India House.Gandhi couldn’t agree to any of Savarkar’s work & after returning to India condemned each Indian revolutionaries in London(especially Savarkar)

n Reference for 20/n:

Life of Swatantryaveer Vinayak Damodar Savarkar

by Dhananjay Keer​, Ch 4, para 11-12. n Savarkar was the first rebel leader of India who refused to recognize the authority of the British Court of Law while Gandhi submitted to the authority of the British Court of Law when Bhagat Singh, Rajguru & Sahdev were sentenced death.

n Reference for 22/n:

Life of Swatantryaveer Vinayak Damodar Savarkar

by Dhananjay Keer​, Ch 4, para 3 n Savarkar was the first Indian political leader to build a pan-Hindu temple where former ‘untouchable’ was a Pujari (1931) while Gandhi coined “Harijan” in 1932.

Ref: Life of Swatantryaveer Vinayak Damodar Savarkar

by Dhananjay Keer​, Ch 9, para 8

n Savarkar had written about a fight against “Untouchability” way back in 1920. Ref for snippet

@waglenikhil there are lot more issues to be discussed. Which I will continue to post in a while, where I will even explain abt Prison life, Hindutva etc. (savarkar.org/en/encyc/2017/…)

Vandematram & Jai Hind

A thread by Aabhas Maldahiyar 🇮🇳

#SadarPranam to Ishwara within you @asadowaisi . U say“ Jai Bhim,Allahu Akbar & Jai Hind” against“Vande Mataram, Jai Shri Rama, Bharata Mata Ki Jai”, I find it bigotry. Explanation in thread below. You may respond in full capacity but not before n/n
Ref Book (in image)Asaduddin Owaisi@asadowaisi

Today, I was welcomed with some slogans when I stood up to take my oath on the Constitution of India https://twitter.com/aimim_national/status/1140896944358715392 …AIMIM@aimim_nationalHyderabad AIMIM MP Barrister @asadowaisi takes oath in Lok Sabha.14KTwitter Ads info and privacy4,764 people are talking about this

n You say “Jai Bhim” but any idea Ambedkar’s opinion about I$lam wrt India?

In Ambedkar’s opinion I$lam has only contempt & enmity for others & one can’t be true Muslim by accepting India as motherland.

See details in Snippet(Pakistan Or Partition Of India
by Ambedkar,p325)

n Ambedkar mentions on pg 294 that a Mu$lim can’t accept a Hindu Government for they consider “Hindus” as “Kafir”, hence inferior.

Mu$lims even considered low of Hindus despite they supported whole heartily in Khilafat Movement.

n Ambedkar mentions on page 285 that Mu$lims prefer “Law of Islam” over “Law of Land”.

Details in snippet (Pakistan Or Partition Of India
by Ambedkar,p285)

n Ambedkar talks about Dar-Ul-Islam, & makes a claim that Mu$lims even fought British for it. He further adds that Mu$lims will continue Jihad to establish it & won’t even shy off to take foreign aid.

Ref: Pakistan Or Partition Of India
by Ambedkar,p 287-89

@asadowaisi I can go on adding what Ambedkar had to say about Islam,but I’m sure that scholar like you shall read at own. Link to the book “Pakistan Or Partition Of India
by Ambedkar” So, do u really agree to Ambedkar it just tried to play Dalit card? (archive.org/details/in.ern…) n @asadowaisi ji Now let’s talk about you mentioning “Allah Hu Akbar” in response to “Jai Shri Rama”. While former means “Allah is the greatest” the later means “Victory to Rama”. Let’s understand the two nouns “Allah” & “Rama” closely. n As per Shahadah, la ilaha illa’llah, we understand : None has the right to be worshipped except Allah.

Now it gets interesting with 2 perspectives: n 1)Among all gods, it’s Allah who is the only one to be worshipped.
2)And if “Allah” is considered just Arabic term for God then there should never be a problem if one hails Rama. God is God, isn’t it? n Now let me give you perspective about Rama? Who is he? Rama is the most ideal human ever lived on the planet earth. The historicity of Rama has been spoken about lot before Islam or Christianity sprouted. n Rama’s history exists from the time of “Dharma” in front of which all Abrahmic Religions are bit too young. The story of Rama is about the “Dharma” of Bharata. You are free to practice your belief but not at cost of shunning the “Itihasa” & “culture” of land. n Each & every corner of India speak aloud for “Rama”. There is no region in Asia which doesn’t have story of him. You may refer this thread to read about historicity of Rama.Aabhas Maldahiyar @Aabhas24

Thread1) #DiwaliSpecial #RamayanaDiaries As a tribute to Imam-E-Hind I’ll post threads in regards to Historicity of Ramayana. Haters may give rebuttal & supporters pl RT. I start with a light thread & more details shall follow @DikshitSmita @prafullaketkar @shakkuiyer 1/n

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552 · Bengaluru, IndiaTwitter Ads info and privacy546 people are talking about this@asadowaisi another thread for historicity of Rama & his importance in Bharata.Aabhas Maldahiyar @Aabhas24 · 

Thread2 #DiwaliSpecial #RamayanaDiaries In the thread below I discuss historicity of Rama. Pl RT to spread truth of Rama. Cc @vivekagnihotri @DimpleAtra @DikshitSmita @shakkuiyer @Shubhrastha @TVMohandasPai @RajivMessage @koenamitra @seriousfunnyguy @SurabhiHodigereAabhas Maldahiyar @Aabhas24

2/n There are numerous places that are indicated as the locations where various events happened in reference to Ramayana.
There are quite less archeological evidence as an effort has not been made with systematic excavations.244 · Karnataka, IndiaTwitter Ads info and privacy152 people are talking about this@asadowaisi how do you not consider Rama your forefather for the fact that Indians believe in his historicity. Are you not Indian? How can religion that emerged lot after our history become more important to an Indian? Are you justifying what Ambedkar had said? n Even Iqbal went on to say:

है राम के वजूद पे हिन्दोस्ताँ को नाज़,
अहले-नज़र समझते हैं उसको इमामे-हिन्द ।

He changed with time for his new found love was Pakistan. I’m sure @asadowaisi ji that Pakistan isn’t your love then what makes you take this stand? n @asadowaisi how do you deal with “Rama” being illustrated in the “Constitution of India”?

n You know what today you are Asaduddin today only because we believed in Rama. It’s the grace of Hindu Sanatanis. When Abrahmics including I$lam fought for supremacy we accommodated Mu$lim Traders down south. n It’s for that reason that second mosque of world “Cheraman” came in being when Prophet Muhammad was alive. @asadowaisi don’t you feel ashamed of shunning icon of those who are reason for existence. n Had Hindus been the way the Mu$lims were who persecuted Parsis, @asadowaisi you would have remained Ashish Ozha or something similar. So do some retrospection. n @asadowaisi now let’s come to you using “Jai Hind” against #VandeMataram . Do you know Gandhi Ji showed concern in, 1946 for “Jai Hind” replacing “Vande Mataram” for he feared people neglecting VM will forget JH too.

Read Snippet (Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi,p212).

Politicians decisions influenced by astrology

A thread by Aabhas Maldahiyar 🇮🇳

#SadarPranam to Ishvara within you @Ram_Guha ji.

Should we begin with August 14-15, 1947?

Pandit Nehru gave his famous speech “Tryst with Destiny” in the midnight because of Astrological and Faith related considerations.

I’m sure that yu are aware of it.Ramachandra Guha@Ram_Guha

The Constitution lists as a citizen’s fundamental duties “to develop the scientific temper, humanism and the spirit of inquiry and reform”. An Amendment is in order; to ask us all to promote astrology and voodoo and blind faith instead.6,978Twitter Ads info and privacy3,352 people are talking about this

Lord Mountbatten had personally decided the date of Aug 15 as he thought that date to be “very lucky” for his career. During World War II, it was on Aug 15, 1945, that the Japanese Army had surrendered before him. n When the date of independence was decided and announced, an outrage came among the astrologers across the Nation because 15-08-1947 was an “unfortunate ” date according to astrology. n Alternative dates were proposed but Mountbatten wasn’t in the mood to deviate from Aug 15 . Finally the astrologers suggested the midnight hour: Aug 14 -15 with the simple reasoning that “a day according to West starts at 12 AM”, but in Hindu calendar, it starts with Sunrise. n The astrologers now suggested that the “speech of acknowledgement of transfer of power” be done within the 48 minutes window ( “Abhijeet Muhurta”) which lasted between 24 minutes before and after 12:15 AM i.e between 11:51PM & 12:39 AM. n Nehru had to & he did deliver a speech within that timeframe and the speech was supposed to as it did end by 12 AM so that the “Shanka” be blown to herald the Freedom at the stroke of the midnight hour. n @Ram_Guha now that yu might yell for source to above, I’ll suggest some homework for you as you are a historian. Search the essays of Sir Woodrow Wyatt. One of them contains these details.

Let us a historian in you. n But @Ram_Guha , I won’t say that Pandit Nehru was wrong in listening to astrologers and letting Mantras being chanted, Shankha being echoed, for that is what we are.

We are from the land where Ramanujan acknowledges that al his mathematical formulas are told by “Devi.”

Sahadah and Ashok Chakra

A thread by Aabhas Maldahiyar

n Thread #Khilafat2 observations:
What does replacement of Aśoka Chakra with šahādah signify?

Trust my words: it signifies a step towards Ghazwa-e-Hind. I’ll explain how in this thread.

It’s important, pl RT max.Times Fact Check@timesfactcheck

FACT CHECK: Anti CAA/NRC protesters in Hyderabad carried a distorted Indian flag that had Islamic Shahada ‘la ilaha illallah’ (there’s no other god but Allah) inscribed in place of the Ashok Chakra. https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/times-fact-check/news/fact-check-image-of-ashok-chakra-replaced-by-islamic-shahada-in-indian-tricolor-during-anti-caa-march-is-real/articleshow/73833285.cms …FACT CHECK: Image of Ashok Chakra replaced by Islamic Shahada in Indian Tricolor during anti-CAA…News News: A Facebook user claimed that in an anti-Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA), 2019 protest in Hyderabad, Ashoka Chakra in the Indian flag was replaced withtimesofindia.indiatimes.com1,499Twitter Ads info and privacy1,460 people are talking about this

n Here I attach national flag of 4 Islamic Nations(named respectively)
1)Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
2)Saudi Arabia
3) Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan (unrecognized state)
4) Somaliland (unrecognized state)

So does the šahādah in Tricolour represent “Islamic State of India”

n Now u must understand that the #CAA protestors hv replaced Aśoka Chakra the signifier of “Dharma” with šahādah.

šahādah is something that puts a period on who is the “god” & “messenger” .šahādah is the step towards becoming Muslim. Hw can Dharma ever be repacked by šahādah? n So in short, šahādah can appear on a National Flag if it’s Islamic. Now further let me explain what Now replacement of Aśoka Chakra by šahādah means. For that one must first learn why did we had spoked wheel in Tricolour. Read on 👇🏼

n

In words of Sarvepalli Dr Radhakrishnan:
‘The “Ashoka Chakra” in the centre of the white is the wheel of the law of dharma. Truth or satya, dharma or virtue ought to be the controlling principle of those who work under this flag. Again, the wheel denotes motion.’ n Dr Radhakrishnan further says:
‘There is death in stagnation. There is life in movement. India should no more resist change, it must move and go forward. The wheel represents the dynamism of a peaceful change.’

Two nation theory by Sarvarkar-a LIE

A thread by Aabhas Maldahiyar 🇮🇳

1/n #SadarPranam to Ishvara within u @SitaramYechury sir from an ex-Marxist!

Savarkar didn’t even use term”two nation”in his Calcutta address of 1939. Perhaps someone passed you wrong WhatsApp. Read this thread where I put excerpts of his speech.

Refute should u hv substance.Sitaram Yechury@SitaramYechury

Savarkar forwarded the disastrous two-nation theory in December 1939 in his presidential address to the Hindu Mahasabha. Jinnah did so in his presidential address to the Muslim League in 1940. In 1943, Savarkar said he had no quarrel with Jinnah. (1/2)1,915Twitter Ads info and privacy1,015 people are talking about thisn I’m starting of directly with part where #Savarkar speaks of how “Hindus” are nation in themselves.

He criticises Territorial-Unity to define nation as conceived by Congress & calls it an European Concept. Further he cites eg of Poland & Czechoslovakia.

n According to #Savarkar they broke because Cultural Identity is only substantial one compared to “Territorial Unity”. He points out categorically that only those nations survived which which despite being territorial has culture, linguistics type affinities as root. Eg,France.

#Savarkar contests that Hindus have India both as “Fatherland” & “Holyland” hence the naturally bound by India as nationalities. He also argues that for this phenomenon Hindus’ patriotism is doubly assured. He says: Hindus are no treaty nation but organic National-being.

#Savarkar states that even most utilitarian Nations have religious, linguistic bindings, viz Britain & France.
He says: that despite multiple differences Hindus are connected from Kashmir to Madras & Sindh to Assam by culture. But Muslims connect with non-Indian Culture.

@SitaramYechury sir, in-fact #Ambedkar too agreed to the Savarkar’s second part of argument (6/n). He mentions that: Islam can never allow a True Muslim to adopt India as his motherland.

Source:Pakistan or Partition of India, p329,B.R.Ambedkar

n Let’s come back to #Savarkar ‘s speech of 1939 which you tried to mention @SitaramYechury ji. Savarkar goes on to revere what #Ambedkar too echoed.

He clearly mentions that Indian Muslims have problem because India is neither nor shall it ever become Dar-Ul-Islam.

#Savarkar points out very clearly what is the phenomenon of the day.@SitaramYechury u turn blind eye,when Islamists connect to Arab or Turk more than India.

They want separate lang(Urdu) which relates with Arabian.He points how Konkan-Converts campaign against Hindu names.

n Savarkar goes on to state how the Hindu names & History is being Arabised to create complete disconnect from Hindu Ancestory.

He was indirectly talking of the colonisation by the Islamic Forces. n #Savarkar defines”Swarajya” for Hindus.He says that it’s Rajya where their “swatva” & “Hindutva” is asserted. He mentions Aurangzeb & Tipu were mere sons of converted mothers. They were territorial Indians whose rule proved worst enemy of Hindudom. Hence Guru Govind,Shivaji

@SitaramYechury ji, now it gets interesting, perhaps shoes in face of Savarkar haters & #Ambedkar glorifiers.

#Savarkar says that Muslims can enjoy equal rights as far as they don’t encroach Hindu rights.

Did Jinnah had similar opinion SITARAM sir? Pl clarify!

@SitaramYechury ji #Ambedkar criticised #Savarkar for this stand while declaring his option was distinct from Jinnah. Jinnah wanted India to be cut while Savarkar didn’t. Read excerpt from his book: Pakistan or Partition of India.Aabhas Maldahiyar @Aabhas24 · Replying to @Aabhas24

11/n #Savarkar defines”Swarajya” for Hindus.He says that it’s Rajya where their “swatva” & “Hindutva” is asserted. He mentions Aurangzeb & Tipu were mere sons of converted mothers. They were territorial Indians whose rule proved worst enemy of Hindudom. Hence Guru Govind,Shivaji

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Aabhas Maldahiyar @Aabhas24

12/n @SitaramYechury ji, now it gets interesting, perhaps shoes in face of Savarkar haters & #Ambedkar glorifiers.#Savarkar says that Muslims can enjoy equal rights as far as they don’t encroach Hindu rights.

Did Jinnah had similar opinion SITARAM sir? Pl clarify!

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184 · Bengaluru South, IndiaTwitter Ads info and privacy90 people are talking about this

n For the opinion of #Savarkar about Muslims #Ambedkar asserts that his views have much more merit than that of Congress for his stand is clear about Muslims.

But calls Savarkar’s step to be illogical.

@SitaramYechury sir it gets even more interesting. Pl read on.

CAA-Polity or Humanity ?

There has been lot of uproar ever since the Citizenship Amendment Bill became Citizenship Amendment Act 2019. This has been rebuffed by the political parties, news agencies, foreign diplomats. However, no specific answer could be had about the furor.

How is Citizenship determined

A person can be Indian Citizen by birth, descent, registration and naturalisation as per Citizenship Act, 1955

  • By birth:
    • Every person born in India after 25.01.50 but before 01.07.1987,
    • Every person born between 01.07.1987 and 02.12.2004, if either of parent was Indian Citizen at the time of birth
    • Every person born after 03.12.2004, if either of parent is Indian Citizen and other is not an illegal migrant.
  • By Descent:
    • A person born outside India after 25.01.1950, if father was a citizen of India by birth.
    • A person born outside India between 10.12.1992, 04.12.2004, if either of his/her parent was a citizen of India by birth.
    • If a person born outside India after 02.12.2004 has to acquire citizenship,
  • By Registration:
    • A person of Indian origin been a resident of India for 7 years
    • A person of Indian origin who is a resident of any country outside undivided India.
    • A person who is married to an Indian citizen and is ordinarily resident for 7 years.
    • Minor children of persons who are citizens of India.
  • By Naturalization:
    • A person can acquire citizenship by naturalization if he/she is ordinarily resident of India for 12 years (throughout 12 months preceding the date of application and 11 years in the aggregate)
  • By Acquisition of Territory (not prescribed)
    • If India acquires a foreign territory, the residents of the territory naturally becomes Citizens of India

Government’s Powers to regulate, define special category under several acts passed from time to time

The Foreigners Act, 1946 (TFA) defines a foreigner as a person who is not a citizen of India. Section 3 gives power to Central Government (CG) to make provisions in respect of a particular foreigner, prescribed class for prohibiting, regulating or restricting the entry of foreigners. Section 3A (b) of TFA, (w.e.f. 19.1.1957) empowers CG to pass an order exempting any individual foreigner or class or description of foreigner.

The Passport (Entry into India) Act, 1920 (TPEIA) Section 3(2)(a) empowers CG to exempt either absolutely or on any condition, of any person or class of persons rules requiring possession of passports. The rules made under this section should be passed in both Houses of Parliament within 30 days. The section 4 of TPEIA empowers any officer of CG to arrest and under section 5 CG may in general or special order direct the removal of any person without a passport.

The Passport Act, 1967 (TPA) authorises Government to issue travel documents such as (a) emergency certificate for person; (b) certificate of identity of the purpose of establishing the identity of person; (c) or other document as may be prescribed

Amendments in Citizenship Act

The laws are doctrines but need amendment according to the situation. There have been five amendments (1986, 1992, 2003, 2005, 2019) in The Citizenship Act 1955 including the recent one in 2019. The Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2003, was more stringent with regard to illegal migrants from Bangladesh and provided that either parent should not be an illegal migrant.

The Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2019 provides that any person belonging to Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist, Jain, Parsi or Christian community from Afghanistan, Bangladesh or Pakistan, who entered into India on or before the 31.12.2014 shall not be treated as illegal migrant. and that aggregate period of residence shall be reduced to 5 years from 11 years earlier for grant of Citizenship

It is apparent from the provisos, that CAA2019 provides fast track citizenship to the minorities in the three countries adjacent to India. The other communities are still eligible for citizenship through registration and naturalisation process. CAA2019 doesn;t takes away someone’s Citizenship.

Gandhiji’s promise to Hindus and Sikhs remained in Pakistan

Mahatma Gandhi on 07.07.1947 said that Hindus and Sikhs living in Pakistan have a right to come here if they do not want to live there. The GOI is bound to provide them employment, citizenship and comfortable life. Nehru was also of the similar view as those people never demanded partiion, they were the victims of the partition. In his interview, Kerala Governor Arif Mohammad Khan told ANI [article published on 21.12.2019]

There is no clear data on Non-Muslim population residing in Pakistan and Bangladesh. Independent Pakistan first carried out their census in 1951 and last one was 1998. The Non-Muslim Population remained in the range of 2-3% as per Pakistan as per their census. Bangladesh population census clearly shows a decline in non-muslims population from 23.2% to 9.6% in 2011.

Amid, the news of forced conversion surface every now and then from Pak and Bangladesh and even a percentile decline in persecuted minorities in these countries makes one to think of the promises our leaders once made, sub-standard life adjudicated and atrocities that are carried to them.

The Government of India shaped an overdue promise in to a Law without disturbing status of Indian Citizens.

References: https://indiacode.nic.in/bitstream/123456789/6803/1/foreigners_act_1946.pdf https://portal2.passportindia.gov.in/AppOnlineProject/pdf/passports_act.pdf https://mha.gov.in/PDF_Other/act1920_17042017.pdf https://indiancitizenshiponline.nic.in/citizenshipact1.htm http://egazette.nic.in/WriteReadData/2019/214646.pdf https://www.drishtiias.com/to-the-points/Paper2/citizenship-of-india https://www.aninews.in/news/national/politics/citizenship-act-fulfills-promise-made-to-minorities-in-pakistan-by-gandhi-nehru-kerala-governor20191221205113/ https://www.indiatoday.in/india/story/pakistan-bangladesh-non-muslim-population-citizenship-amendment-bill-bjp-1627678-2019-12-12

Hindu Elements in Indian Constitution.

Struggle for Hindu Existence

Part. 3Part. 4

Hindu Elements in Indian Constitution. The implication of Hindu Culture and Tradition in Indian Constitution.

IC Pic 1 pg frontUpananda Brahmachari | Hindu Existence Bureau | 26 January 2014:: India i.e. Bharat is celebrating its 65th anniversary of adopting its Constitution as it was taken granted on the day of 26th January, 1950. We are very much proud for the Indian Constitution and celebrating the Republic Day, but we never look through the Hindu Elements in Indian Constitution or the implication of Hindu Culture and Tradition in it.

The partition of India in 1947, made this unique land of cultural unity divided into two pieces on the basis of two nation theory, Hindu-Muslim basis which was undesirable to the majority people.  But, the communal minority Muslims procured their holy land of Pakistan on the strength swords and the cunning politics in connivance of the British who adopted ‘divide-&-rule’ policy.

Though least blood shedder and…

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COVID19 – Challenges and Opportunities for India !

Corona-virus has brought down wheels of economies to a stand still with almost all countries in lockdown or emergency mode. Some economies took the risk of continuing production, but ultimately resorted to Lockdown. There is no vaccine at the moment. If at all a vaccine is found, it will take months for its commercial production. Economics, Strategists, Governments are struggling with the damage caused by Pandemic. The immediate priority of the Governments is saving lives, lest Pandemic can be more deadlier as have been in past.

The impact of such pandemics is immense in terms of lives we lose. The impact is demotivating if not devastating on the Economies. The challenges to be faced next will be bringing back economies to normal, unemployment, NPAs, Growth. Historically, Mankind has faced several natural disasters, man made disasters since the start of the civilization.

World GDP has become 18 times (on nominal basis) while Population increased by 4.6 times. In simple terms, the need and life style of people has grown by 4 times in last 120 years. Table below depicts the journey of World GDP, and growth of Population. World output has been mounted by 5 times since start of 20th Century. The New world is no more local, it is inter-twinned, inter-woven. The extent of dependency of economies on each other is paramount.

Any slow down or change in improved lifestyle is demotivating to devastating. Stopping a wheel of 90 Trillions and starting it again will need lot of reshuffling, realignment, stimulus, and top of all TIME. Pandemics are not new to the civilization in past one hundred years at least on 2 occasions the world got devastated. While the countries recover psychologically, there will be change in Economic world order. As will be discussed later, the world’s input needs are highly concentrated to one country China. The Pandemic has caused economies to rethink to avoid recurrence of such havoc again.

The confidence of the world is eroding the way CCP, WHO handled the Pandemic. In order to diversify and mitigate the losses, big countries like US, Japan, Italy, UK have already expressed their willingness to shift manufacturing base from China to other countries. China’s exports close to 2.5 Trillion Dollars on yearly basis (2018). The number is close to the overall GDP of India on nominal basis. People look this event as an opportunity for shift of manufacturing base from China to India. Let us evaluate various factors in context of India in the event their is substantial or large chunk of manufacturing base to India. We are evaluating this scenario because next better available option to world is Vietnam and Indonesia lack availability of Manpower (a basic ingredient to manufacturing process).

First let us examine the kind of opportunity we are dealing with. China’s big trading partners are the big economies where labour is costlier. To domesticate their consumption, these economies don;t have kind of cheaper inputs of production. If at all these countries start to manufacture their own needs, the prices of outputs will be much higher. Let us evaluate the Chinese trade into type of goods being exported, imported and country wise transaction.

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The Exports of China of $2.5 Trillions mainly includes Capital goods of $ 1.15 Trillions such as Transportation, Machines and Electronics. Capital goods export is almost 46% of its total exports . Next highest category is Consumer Goods (Textiles, Footwears, Wood, Hides and Skins, Food Products, Vegetables, etc.). The exports to US were 20%, Hongkong 12%, Japan 6%, South Korea 4.5%, UK 2.3%, Australia 1.9% Vietnam, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, Thailand put together 11%.

China’s Imports of $ 2.13 Trillion in 2018 included imports 10% from South Korea, 9.2% from Japan, 8% from USA, Germany 5.4%, Australia 5.4%, Brazil 3.9%, Vietnam, Malaysia and Thailand 8.8% and rest other countries. The major component imported were Electrical and electronic equipment 24%, fuels 16%. Rest of imports largely commodities such as metals, non-metals.

China’s top trading partners’

China’s Export to its top trading partner US included 152 $B of electrical machinery, Machinery 117 $B, furniture and bedding B$, toys and sports equipment 27$B and Plastics were 19$B. China imported Aircraft 18 $B, machinery 14B$, Electrical Machinery 13$B, Medical instruments 10$$B, agricultural products 9.3 $B. US Also exported 59 $B services to China.

China’s export to Japan 2nd largest trading partner were Electrical machinery of 52.4B$, machinery of 31.1 B$ clothing 18 B$, and chemicals worth 12 B$. China imported from Japan 52 B$ of machinery, 32 B$of Electrical machinery, chemicals worth 24B$, transport equipments 14.4B$ during 2018.

Hong Kong is China’s 3rd largest trading partner. It can be termed as China’s trading hub since almost all the goods exported by Hongkong to China are for re-export. China’s Export during 2018 to Hong Kong were Electrical machinery of 160 B$, machinery of 44 B$ medical equipments 10 B$. China imported from Hongkong 198 B$ of machinery, 19 B$ of Electrical machinery, and machinery of 39 B$ during 2018. Hongkong’s Import and Export were almost 44.2% and 46.3% respectively and exclusively with China

We see demonstrated above how big is the trade we are talking about. The total foreign trade of China is approxiately 4.5 Trillion $. Its 150% of India’s GDP alone. Shifting base from China to other countries would mean a retaliatory action by China to shift its import base as well. We saw it is not that simple. Another weighing evaluation for sustainable growth of Output is Cost of Factor of production which includes Labour, Rent and Capital cost. The other qualitative factors are supply chain. Let us evaluate each parameter one by one.

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Cost of wages

China’s average wage is 72000 CNY per year, the minimum wage is around 29800 CNY per year, this translates into 43000 CNY (assuming 30% white collar and 70% blue collar); Average of manpower cost is 495 $/P.M.. In India, minimum wage is around 5340 INR/P.M., wages of low skilled labour is 10900 INR/P.M. and wages of high skilled labour is 43200 INR/P.M. The average manpower cost is approximately 212 $/P.M. Personal Income tax rate in China is 45% and Social security tax rate is 48%. While Individual Personal Tax rate is 15-33%, Provident fund is also 24% on basic. Hence The Gap between Disposable Individual Income of two countries narrows down to 65% due to higher SST and IT.

China’s weighted average manpower cost is costlier by 134% as compare to India. Hence this is advantageous not only in terms of Cost but the availability of Manpower is not an immediate constraint.

Capacity and Capability building will emerge as a challenge going forward !!
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Availability of Power

Cost of Electricity a major component in production. China’s Electricity cost is 0.52 RMB/KWH while the same in India is 5.94 INR/KWH. In Dollar both country’s cost of electricity comes out to be 0.078 USD. Availability of uninterrupted power supply for Industrial production is at present a challenge for India. Although, NDA-II Government under the leadership of PM Shri Narendra Modi has geared up for this future need. The All India installed capacity As on 31.03.2020 is 370 GW, a jump of impressive 50% in NDA’s regime. However, the consumption grew by 36% in same period. Currently in 2019 the total consumption of electricity stands at 277 GW (1196309 GWh). A surplus of 107 GW at the moment. Transmission and Distribution Losses (T&D) were appx 20 % in India very high as against averages of world average of 8%. China’s T&D losses reported 5.91% in 2012. The current consumption of electricity by Industrial segment is 41%. We can cater the additional demand for electricity by cutting down T&D losses and utilizing unutilised capacity. But will that be enough if we need to cater increased demand from the world post Pandemic sentiments. This will need a short term as well as long term planning.

China’s 2018, Industrial power consumption sore to 4.72 Trillion GWh (1.1 Trillion Watts) on ~40% of Manufacturing share in GDP. The proportional use of electricity consumed for export is around 341 MW. This is around the total output of India’s all production capacity. For Each increase in Production by 100 $ Billion 14 MW Power needed.

If we can bring down India’s T&D losses to world average of 6%, the balance 14% equivalent to 50 GW would only be sufficient to increase production by $ 300-350 Billion.

Availability of Power is ceiling on aspiration of availing opportunity.
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Logistics and infrastructure of India and China

Next crucial parameter to compare is Supply Chain Management (SCM) this includes movement of goods (Raw material, Finished goods) from and to ports. The big countries are very particular about quality and turn around time (TAT). We will need to evaluate how we can improve various parameters vital to improve our response time and quality of logistics. India ranks at 44th out of 160 countries, while China stands at 12th Rank in terms of Logistical Performance Index (LPI) published by World Bank in 2018. Smaller countries like Indonesia, Hongkong, Taiwan fares better in terms of LPI. Some of the criterion, which need an evaluation are

  • Customs clearing process
  • Quality of infrastructure in terms of accessibility of inputs and deliverability of outputs
  • Shipments at competitive prices
  • Competitive logical services
  • Ability to track and trace shipments and
  • Timeliness of deliverable

While other parameters can be matched in short run, Timeliness and quality of Infrastructure the are two parameters which India legs behind as compared to China.

Capital Cost in a country is driven by Prime Lending Rate (PLR). Sovereign Banks always use PLR as a tool to incentivize infra and business projects. Current PLR of both the countries China and India are at PAR. So this is not an issue in the evaluation of criterion

Rent is the yield of Investment in Property. This is another factor cost for manufacturing industries. The Rental yield rate is 3.5% in Delhi as compared to 1.8% in Shanghai or 2.5 in Beijing. The Property rates are 2-4 times costlier in Chinese metro cities as compared to India’s metropolitan cities. This way the Rental cost should be lesser in China by almost 40-60%. The State Governments can provide Land at subsidized rate in order to decentralize already choking metro cities. This can be combined with Modi Government’s existing policy of Smart City Project.

FM, Ms N Seetharaman, announced Corporate tax rate for Domestic companies of 25.17% not claiming tax exemptions and 26.0%-29.12% for the companies intend to claim exemptions and incentives. The Corporate Tax rate of 17.16% is a boon for New Domestic Manufacturing set up on or after 1st October 2019. Foreign entrepreneurs will like to setup their manufacturing units as Domestic company to avoid a higher tax rate of 41.60%-43.68%. New tax slabs will make Indian products more competitive vs Chinese output as Chinese Corporate tax rate of 25% is higher by 8% in case of New manufacturing units.

Availability of Technology or Rights to manufacture are assumed to be provided by Import countries at a royalty. Normal Royalty rates are 2-5%. This loss can be compensated from the savings in Manpower, Rentals and Income tax.

Bottom Line

Manpower, Corporate tax rate is a plus point to India in the current scenario of availing opportunity. Power Generation, Supply chain Infra will be a challenge. Our Visionary PM Modi ji has already announced a spent of INR 100 Lakh Crores (appx $ 1.35 Trillion in next 5 years) but this opportunity came too early.