“Calculus” – Work of Mādhava of Sangamagrama

A Thread by Aabhas Maldahyar 

Profile pictureAabhas Maldahiyar 🇮🇳


Profile pictureMar 20th 2020, 3 tweets, 3 min read 1/n #SadarPranam @SrBachchan ji.
No it’s not Newton who should get complete credit for Calculus.Had Mādhava of Sangamagrama (14th Century) & his school not been there “Calculus” would have been incomplete. Read thread.

Amitabh Bachchan




T 3476 – “.. better work happening nowadays with people working from home. brings opportunity to trust our fellow colleagues ” ~ Sg

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2/n Had Mādhava not been there we couldn’t have moved to infinite form of mathematics from finite form. In Europe,the first such series were developed by James Gregory in 1667. Mādhava’s work is notable for the series,but what is truly remarkable is his estimate of an error term.

3/n The formulas in Sanskrit👇🏼

Source for 2/n & 3/n
“On an Untapped Source of Medieval Keralese Mathematics” by CT Rajagopal & Ms Rangachari (math.mit.edu/classes/18.01/… )



Why Akbar was not desirable

A thread by Aabhas Maldahiyar 🇮🇳

#SadarPranam @Javedakhtarjadu ji. I don’t think my MP @Tejasvi_Surya needs to worry about Huns or Vikings but surely by likes of Akbar. I explain how, in this thread.

U may respond should you have enough substance.Javed Akhtar@JavedakhtarjaduReplying to @vivekagnihotri

Don’t you know that Akbar and many of us are from the same school and the same class . Our relations got spoiled only when his great grand son became like today’s Right wingers Any way , I have promised to your frighten MP that we will save him from Attila the Hun n the Vikings60Twitter Ads info and privacy342 people are talking about thisn So Why Akbar isn’t desired?

Reason 1:Extortionist Economic Policies. Elaboration below👇🏼

“Akbar’s taxes were highest”.

Ref 1:Muslim Civilization in India
by S. M. Ikram
edited by
Ainslie T. Embree, Chapter XVL

I’m quoting more details in trailing tweet.

n Irfan Habib mentions about forced productions by various including Asaf Khan for their own financial benefits.

He even talks about extortion & gives example of Shaista Khan & Prince Azimushshan.
Check snippet Ref: Pg 183, The Cambridge Economic History of India”

  n Habib further gives account of money hoarding at large scale by Mughal Emperors including Akbar in the same book.

He quotes De Laet who mentions Akbar’s treasure to be ~522.4 million florins & Sarista Khan to have hoarded ₹380 million.

Ref: pg 183

n So @Javedakhtarjadu Akbar was booming our economy by hoarding & extortion? 🤔

This is further substantiated by fact that India’s per capita GDP went in negative under Akbar the Great. Which means he kept becoming richer though making Indians poor.

Check the snippets (1,2)

n And GDP Of Mughal Empire increased thoroughly.

Source for 5/n & 6/n
“A Contours of the World Economy I-2030AD, Oxford University Press by A Maddison.”

n Reason 2, for which @Tejasvi_Surya & us must worry likes of Akbar was his tyranny & bigotry. I explain below👇🏼

In early years of his reign,Akbar suppressed Muslim sects that were condemned by the orthodoxy as heretical.

I’m sure that you are aware of the incidence of 1567.

n On the advice of Shaikh Abdu’n Nabi, he ordered the exhumation of Mir Murtaza Sharifi Shirazi: a Shia buried in Delhi for the grave’s proximity to that of Amir Khusrau.

His argument was as below👇🏼

n “A “heretic” could not be buried so close to the grave of a Sunni saint, reflecting a restrictive attitude towards the Shia, which continued to persist until the early 1570s.

Such was Akbar’s hostility towards Shi’as. n Akbar even suppressed Mahdavism in 1573 during his campaign in Gujarat. Mahdavi leader Bandagi Miyan Sheik Mustafa was arrested and brought in chains to the court for debate and released after eighteen months.

Source for 6/n-9/n:’Akbar and His India’ by Irfan Habib

n In 1578, the Mughal Emperor Akbar famously referred to himself as:
“Emperor of Islam, Emir of the Faithful, Shadow of God on earth, Abul Fath Jalal-ud-din Muhammad Akbar Badshah Ghazi , is a most just, most wise, and a most God-fearing ruler.”

n Source for 10/n : Akbar, Emperor of India by Richard Von Garbe

@Javedakhtarjadu I’m sure you know what Ghazi means.

Now from 12/n onwards I’ll cite part-2 of Reason-2, ie Akbar’s tyranny & bigotry.

Till then you may arrange answers upto 10/n. n @Javedakhtarjadu now let’s talk abt persecution of Hindus by Akbar.

1)Massacre of Hindus of Garha in 1560 AD(Ref: The SAGE Encyclopedia of War: Social Science Perspectives
edited by Paul Joseph)

Abul Fazl states: 48,000 Hindus were persecuted at the orders of Akbar.


n One may argue that soldiers always get killed in war, hence 8000 Rajput Warriors. 

But @Javedakhtarjadu why Akbar killed 40,000 peasants?

Just because they were Kafirs. Akbar was a Jihadi. Read more. 👇🏼 n 2)Massacre of Gondwana

In 1564, Akbar conquered the Gondwana kingdom. The territory was ruled over by Raja Vir Narayan, a minor, and his mother, Durgavati, a Rajput warrior queen of the Gonds. nDurgavati committed suicide after her defeat at the Battle of Damoh,while Raja Vir was slain at the Fall of Chauragarh,the mountain fortress of the Gonds.The Mughals seized immense wealth & 1000 elephants.Kamala Devi,a younger sister of Durgavati,was sent to the Mughal harem.

@Javedakhtarjadu you know your Akbar-The Great has tough time defeating Veerangana Devi Durgavati.

If Akbar was man of morality why did he send Kamlavati to Harem?

Source: Medieval India: From Sultanat to the Mughals Part – II
By Satish Chandra(PS: ur own left Historian) n @Javedakhtarjadu ji, now let’s talk about
3)Persecutions at Nagarkot

Nizamuddin Ahmad recorded the violence during the conquest of Nagarkot (modern Himachal Pradesh), as follows (snippet & following tweets)👇🏼

n The fortress of Bhun,which is an idol temple of Mahámáí,was taken by Muslim assailants. A party of Rajputs, who had resolved to die, fought till they were all cut down.

A nos of Brahmins,who for many years had served the temple,never gave 1 thought to flight, & were killed. n Nearly 200 black cows belonging to the Hindus, during the struggle, had crowded together for shelter in the temple.

Alas, @Javedakhtarjadu Some savage Turks, while the arrows and bullets were falling like rain, killed these cows one by one. 😓 n They then took off their boots and filled them with the blood, and cast it upon the roof and walls of the temple.

Shame on the Akbar’s Army. @Javedakhtarjadu don’t u feel like spitting on Akbar? Reference for 17/n to 20/n:

Elliot, Henry Miers; Dowson, John (1873). The History of India, as Told by Its Own Historians: The Muhammadan Period. Vol. V. London: Trübner and Co. n @Javedakhtarjadu how can we forget the third siege of Chittor? Many temples were destroyed. The shrine of Moinuddin Chishti in Ajmer was presented brass candlesticks by Akbar which were taken after the destruction of Kalika temple during this siege.

Bigot! Wasn’t he? n September 1567, Akbar left for Chittor, and on 20 October 1567, camped in the vast plains outside the fort. In the meantime, Rana Udai Singh, on the advice of his council of advisors, decided to go away from Chittor to the hills of Gogunda with his family. n Jaimal and Patta were left behind to defend the fort along with 8,000 Rajput warriors and 1,000 musketeers under their command. Akbar laid siege to the fortress, which lasted for 4 months. n On 22 February 1568, Jauhar was committed in the houses of Patta, Aissar Das & Sahib Khan. Next day the gates of the fort were opened and Rajput soldiers rushed out to fight the enemies. In the ensuing battle, 8,000 Rajputs were killed alongside 30000 peasants.

n According to James Tod, 



had the Janeu of slain collected & weighed for estimate of killed. It weighed around 200kg.

@Javedakhtarjadu can u imagine mercilessness of Akbar?

The slaughter wasn’t just vengeance.

Shame on Akbar.

n Reference for 22/n to 26/n: Emperors of the Peacock Throne: The Saga of the Great Mughals
By Abraham Eraly n @Javedakhtarjadu ji, Jesuit Father Monserrate, Aquaviva and Enrique arrived at Akbar’s court in early 1580 and Monserrate recording his journey in a travelogue comments that religious zeal of Mussalmans has destroyed many Hindu temples.

Source: Snippet.

n and to add 28/n.. in place of temples countless tombs and shrines of mussalmans have been erected in which these men are worshipped as if they were saints.

👆🏼 In the reign of great Akbar. n Akbar had rewarded Abd al-Qadir Badauni with gold coins who soak his Islamic beard in Hindu infidel blood.

The gesture of Badauni had delighted “Akbar the great Secularist”
Source: The Legacy of Jihad:Islamic Holy War & the Fate of Non-Muslims edited by Andrew G. Bostom

Sitar an Indian Invention

A thread by Aabhas Maldahiyar 🇮🇳

n Farah Ji. My Sadar Pranam to God within you. I’m sorry, you are absolutely wrong. Islam may have other contributions but not Sitar. It has history tracing to Ancient India. Read Below👇🏼cc @sankrant @Sanjay_Dixit @ShefVaidya @RituRathaurFarah Khan@FaraaahKhan

Did you know 1 of the many contributions of #Islam is SITAR, the eminent instrument of Indian Classical Music?

We r all part of the bigger culture, i.e. history, blended in each other wd unity.
Remembering Pt. Ravi Shankar this #mondaymorning!🙏#MondayMotivation #DYK@iamrana

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30Twitter Ads info and privacy225 people are talking about thisn The Sitar occupies a place of pride among Indian musical instruments. The Sitar was known in ancient India by various names like devadattaa, maruyashti, mahati, parivaadini, saptatantri etc.
The origin of the Sitar is lost in antiquity.

n Though its origin is generally attributed to Amir Khusro, and is one of the most ancient Indian instruments. Amir Khusro is credited with making the Sitar by fixing three strings to it and calling it the Sehtar (seh – three; tar – strings). n The word sitar is said to be a corruption of the word sehtar. This doesn’t stand to reason because:

(1) The three-stringed instrument tritantri and the seven-stringed instrument saptatantri were in existence centuries before Amir Khusro. n 165 years before Prophet Mohammed there lived a singer and poet called Jarham Binatoi who participated in a Poetry Conference in India for three years in succession. The three poems he read at the Conference were etched on golden plates and hung at Mecca. n Jarham Binatoi writes: “The people of India are fortunate that Raja Vikram (also called Samudragupta) is their ruler. He is generous, religious, concientious, and a great musician. His sehtar-playing is such that the listeners’ heart-buds blossom. … contd n …He treated us foreigners also kindly. He sent many scholars of his community to spread the message of the holy religion & they shine like the Sun in our country.From these great men we learnt ishwar-jnana, sangeet-jnana,kavya-jnana,samajik-jnana & learnt playing the sehtar n… These men had come to our country on instructions from Raja Vikram to spread knowledge, religion and music.” Coins are also available on which King Vikramaditya is seen playing the parivaadini. This is conclusive evidence that the Sitar is Indian in origin.

n 2) There is no word in Persian from which the word sitar is derived. The word sitar is derived from the Sanskrit root SA (to bind) It is made of SIT + AAr + R = SITHAE : = BANDHANAE:, AH = SAMANTHATH, RA = RAJAYATHI ETHI SITAR = n which means an instrument which through fastenings gives pleasure from all sides. In the Sitar strings are fastened. pardaas are fastened mijraaf is fastened,
gats are bound by rhythm. Thus, the Sitar is an instrument which is full of fastenings (BANDHAN). n Even if one of these is violated it affects the pleasure. So the word sitar is not a corruption of any Persian word but a pure Sanskrit word. n 3) The Sehtar had three strings whereas the Sitar has seven. But there is no gainsaying the fact that Amir Khusro, the versatile genius, gave the Sitar a great fillip and did much to popularize it. n
It is agreed upon all sides that the Been (Rudra Veena) is the mother of the Sitar. B4 the birth of the Sitar. the Been among string instruments and dhrupadang in singing were prominent. That is why, the Been was played for the most part in dhrupad style only. n Around 7th century A.D. refs of 7 stringed instruments were found in excavation of ‘Pitalkhora’ &’Kudumiamalai’.It appears to be the ‘vina’since it has been given the title ‘chatusprahara svaragamah’ or authoritative texts of notes produced by the 4strings of the instrument. n The name of the instrument is ‘parivadini’ as could be seen from a small level on top of the ‘Valampuri Ganesha’ which reads – ‘Parivadini Amar Kosa’, in the ‘Natya Varga’ speaks of this instrument as –

‘Vina ‘, vallaki vipanchi sat u tantribhih Saptabhih parivadini’ n The three names ‘vina’, ‘vallaki’, ‘vipanchi’ denote three kind of vinas, but that which has seven strings is called ‘Parivadini’. The ‘Buddha Charita’ by Ashvaghosha says that it is a big vina & has strings made of gold. n According to Marcel Dubios, the long-necked lute apprears for the first time in a 10th century sculpture at Pattadakal in south India. The lute depicled here may have been some sort of hybrid of the early stick Zither and short necked lute. n The first depiction of stick Zither with Gourd resonators is seen in 7th century work known as ‘Descent of the Ganges’ or ‘Arjuna’s Penance’ located at ‘Mahabalipuram’ in Tamilnadu. n The stick Zithers depicted here are held diagonally across the chests, with the gourd above the left shoulder. The lute depicted at “Pattadakaal” is held similarly, except that the standing posture has now changed to a sitting

n The north Indian Bin and Sitar are also held likewise. These instruments also have Gourds as resonating chambers.
A fretted Vina is first seen in a tenth century sculpture at ‘Abaner’ in the ‘Harsatmata Mandir’. Ref: Bhāratīya saṅgīta vādya
By Lalmani Mishra, plate 9👇🏼

n The instrument is a stick Zither with notably raised frets, much like, those of the modern Bin and may be considered the fore runner of the ‘Kinnari Vina’ described by ‘Sarangadeva’ n Sri Lalmani Mishra is of opinion that the Sitar is a descendant of the Vinas prevalent in India during the 12th century. His view is – the raised frets, broad bridge and presence of drone wires are purely Indian innovations. n He also slates that the sitar was previously known as ‘Tritantri Vina’ or ‘Jantra’. He maintains that the ‘Tritantri Vina’ described by ‘Sarangdeva’as a fretless instrument, acquired frets at a later date and was known as ‘Jantra’. n In support of this information he cites a passage found in the treatise ‘Kalanidhi’, ‘Kalinath’s Commentary’ on the ‘Sangeet
Ratnakar’ in which the ‘Tritantri Vina’ is said to be known as ‘Jantra’. n Explanation continues from 26/n (Twitter limits max 25 in one go). The thread will end with n/n n In ‘Ain-i-Akbari’ Abul Fazal-i-allam has given the following description:
‘The ‘yantra’ is formed of a hollow neck of wood, a yard in length, at each end of which are attached the halves of two gourds. n Above the neck are sixteen frets over which are strung five steel wires fastened securely at both ends. The low & high notes and their variations are produced by the disposition of the frets.” n In the 14th century only the ‘eka raga vina’, which was tuned according to the notes of the scale and was taken up for playing, appears to have been popular. n Although, there seem to have existed quite a number of vinas,as can be understood from the pages of ‘Vasavapurana’,the’eka raga mela vina’, with movable frets, later on developed into ‘sitar’.This vina was very popular for a long period as found in ref. in Telugu lit works. n Artistic impulse is one of the most fundamental elements in the human psyche which is expressed at times through the medium of art. The Indian artistic tradition is among the most ancient and richly varied in the history of mankind. n In the Ragamala paintings there is a confluence of two major artistic stands, ‘miniature paintings’ and ‘classical music’. Often two or more art forms are combined, and are enriched with each other. Below are few of them👇🏼

n Many historians tried to connect the origin of sitar from some of the foreign instruments. In fact there are many such instruments which resembled with early Indian sitar. N/n There may be some influence, but there is no point in accepting any of them as the predecessor of sitar – when India was so rich with a good number of vinas (or Indian Tanbur, as mentioned by many scholars).
I call it an an end here @FaraaahKhan ji. Sadar 🙏

👆🏼 A thread of 32 tweets for history of ‘Sitar’ debunking the myth that it was contribution of Muslim Dynasties. Pl help share the word of truth. Cc @AsYouNotWish @TVMohandasPai @koenamitra Beat part is Farah Khan has acknowledged the error in her tweet which made me write it.

Sahadah and Ashok Chakra

A thread by Aabhas Maldahiyar

n Thread #Khilafat2 observations:
What does replacement of Aśoka Chakra with šahādah signify?

Trust my words: it signifies a step towards Ghazwa-e-Hind. I’ll explain how in this thread.

It’s important, pl RT max.Times Fact Check@timesfactcheck

FACT CHECK: Anti CAA/NRC protesters in Hyderabad carried a distorted Indian flag that had Islamic Shahada ‘la ilaha illallah’ (there’s no other god but Allah) inscribed in place of the Ashok Chakra. https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/times-fact-check/news/fact-check-image-of-ashok-chakra-replaced-by-islamic-shahada-in-indian-tricolor-during-anti-caa-march-is-real/articleshow/73833285.cms …FACT CHECK: Image of Ashok Chakra replaced by Islamic Shahada in Indian Tricolor during anti-CAA…News News: A Facebook user claimed that in an anti-Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA), 2019 protest in Hyderabad, Ashoka Chakra in the Indian flag was replaced withtimesofindia.indiatimes.com1,499Twitter Ads info and privacy1,460 people are talking about this

n Here I attach national flag of 4 Islamic Nations(named respectively)
1)Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
2)Saudi Arabia
3) Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan (unrecognized state)
4) Somaliland (unrecognized state)

So does the šahādah in Tricolour represent “Islamic State of India”

n Now u must understand that the #CAA protestors hv replaced Aśoka Chakra the signifier of “Dharma” with šahādah.

šahādah is something that puts a period on who is the “god” & “messenger” .šahādah is the step towards becoming Muslim. Hw can Dharma ever be repacked by šahādah? n So in short, šahādah can appear on a National Flag if it’s Islamic. Now further let me explain what Now replacement of Aśoka Chakra by šahādah means. For that one must first learn why did we had spoked wheel in Tricolour. Read on 👇🏼


In words of Sarvepalli Dr Radhakrishnan:
‘The “Ashoka Chakra” in the centre of the white is the wheel of the law of dharma. Truth or satya, dharma or virtue ought to be the controlling principle of those who work under this flag. Again, the wheel denotes motion.’ n Dr Radhakrishnan further says:
‘There is death in stagnation. There is life in movement. India should no more resist change, it must move and go forward. The wheel represents the dynamism of a peaceful change.’

Gravitational force was original idea of Bhaskaracharya

A thread by Aabhas Maldahiyar 🇮🇳

#SadarPranam @sardesairajdeep ji, ~500 years before Issac Newton Bhāskarāchārya states:

“Every object falls on the ground due to earthʼs force of attraction.This force allows the sun, earth, moon and constellations to stay in the orbit.” —Siddhānta Śiromani,3.6

Read more 👇🏼Rajdeep Sardesai@sardesairajdeep

Did you know that Sir Isaac Newton discovered gravity by staying at home during the Great Plague of the 1660s? Tough times are an opportunity for great new ideas too! Some hope in bleak times! 👍10.3KTwitter Ads info and privacy2,327 people are talking about this@sardesairajdeep , Varāhamihira, at least 11 centuries b4 Newton states Gravitation Theory:

“The flame of a lamp points skywards and a heavy (guru) object (kincit) thrown skywards falls back to earth,this happens in the lands of men & asuras.”—Pancha-Siddhāntikā 13.4

@sardesairajdeep , Al -Beruni quotes Brahmagupta (6th cen AD):

“The earth on all its sides is the
same ; all people on earth stand upright, and all heavythings fall down to the earth by a law of nature, for
it is the nature of the earth to attract and to keep

@sardesairajdeep , The refer of Gravity is found in Praśnopaniṣad in abstract form( check snippet).Our scriptures were indeed conveyed the message in an abstract way

It happened three milenium before Netwon.

Beef Eating by Nair?

A thread by Aabhas Maldahiyar 🇮🇳

#SadarPranam to Ishwara within @t_d_h_nair ji. I’m sorry but before I expln,hw u have made fool of urself by quoting Martin Haug’s interpretation for “Aitareya Brahmanam”, let me show u mirror for “Niars” & “cow meat”. Read the string & respond if u have enuf substance.

n Prema A. Kurien mentions in her book “Kaleidoscopic Ethnicity: International Migration and the Reconstruction of …” that Nayars avoided beef & even lamb meat to great extent. Check this snippet (pg no 124).

n While being inducted into the military,a Nair warrior having finished studying the art of warfare from Kalari took oath with King as primary witness to protect “Brahmins” & “cows”. This is documented by Duarte Barbosa, a 16th century Portuguese writer.

n Zamorins, the Nair kings of Calicut had taken a similar oath before their royal coronation. Check snippet. Ref: The Zamorins Of Calicut
by Krishna Ayyar, K.V. Pg 124

@t_d_h_nair ji,Nairs r not “cow meat” eater by culture nor is Kerala. The things are quite clear frm the refs above but it will get evn more interesting if I tell u that as per local folklore Raja of Cochin, Rama Varma Shaktan Thampuran executed a Muslim who had killed a cow. n The Rama Varma had refused to observe Shivaratri since the Muslim had killed the cow on that day. Aren’t you aware of this folklore Ravi Nair ji? Come on, don’t kid me that you don’t know it. So now let me give you account of how “been eating” became a part of Kerala. Read 👇🏼 n The culture of “Beef eating” touched Kerala in 1788 when Tipu Sultan ordered forced circumcision and consumption of beef to prove their conversion to Islam.

I draw this snippet & evidence from book “Asiatic Researches/Vol 5, pg 33”. Link: (books.google.com/books/about/As…)

@t_d_h_nair I’ll explain shortly that what are the errors in “translation” of Martin Haug’s for “Aitareya Brahmanam”, that you have used to prove that Vedas support “cow meat” consumption. If you would be man of grace, then pl apologise shud u b unable to prove ur claim now.

Important dates in Indian History

1कण्व वंश30 -75
3विक्रम संवत् का आरम्भ ?58
4शुंग राजवंश75-154
5शक् संवत् का आरम्भ ?78 ई०पू०
6एलारा का क्षेत्र, श्रीलंका के चोल राजा101-145 ई०पू०
7कनिष्कक का राज्याौभिषेक120 ई०पू०
8अशोक द्वारा कलिंग पर विजय ?261 ई०पू०
9अशोक का शासन232-273 ई०पू०
10चंद्रगुप्तस मौर्य के हाथों सेल्यु कस की पराजय305 ई०पू०
11गुप्तग युग का आरम्भ ,320 ई०पू०
12सिकंदर का भारत पर आक्रमण ?325-326 ई०पू०
13भारत पर एलेक्जें डर का हमला।326-327 ई०पू०
14विक्रमादित्या2 का राज्यााभिषेक380 ई०पू०
15चीनी यात्री फाहयान की यात्रा405-411 ई०पू०
16कुमार गुप्त -1 का राज्याेभि‍षेक415 ई०पू०
17स्कंरदगुप्तत का राज्यारभिषेक455 ई०पू०
18महावीर का निर्वाण ?468 ई०पू०
19गौतम बुद्ध का महापरिवार्न ?483 ई०पू०
20महावीर का जन्म ?540 ई०पू०
21गौतम बुद्ध का जन्म ?563 ई०पू०
22हिजरी संवत् का आरम्भ ?622 ई०
23हर्षवर्धन का शासन ?606-647 ई०
24हेनसांग की भारत यात्रा ?630 ई०
25सिंध पर पहला अरब आक्रमण712 ई०पू०
26कन्नौपज के भोज राजा का राज्यायभिषेक836 ई०पू०
27चोल शासक राजाराज का राज्यााभिषेक985 ई०पू०
28सुल्तासन महमूद का राज्यारभिषेक998 ई०पू०
29सोमनाथ मंदिर पर आक्रमण ?1025 ई०
30तराईन का प्रथम युद्ध ?1191 ई०
31तराईन का द्वितीय युद्ध ?1192 ई०
32गुलाम वंश की स्थापना ?1206 ई०
33दिल्लीव की गद्दी पर कुतुबुद्दीन ऐबक का राज्यावभिषेक1206 ई०
34भारत पर चंगेज खान का हमला (मंगोल का आक्रमण)1221 ई०पू०
35रजिया सुल्ता०न का राज्यादभिषेक1236 ई०पू०
36रजिया सुल्ता०न की मृत्युद1240 ई०पू०
37अलाउद्दीन खिलजी का हमला1296 ई०पू०
38मोहम्मदद तुगलक का राज्या्भिषेक1325 ई
39दक्षिण में विजयानगर साम्राज्या की स्थाेपना1336 ई०
40फिरोजशाह का राज्यारभिषेक1351 ई०
41तैमूरलंग द्वारा भारत पर हमला1398 ई०
42फरघाना में बाबर का राज्यामभिषेक1494 ई०
43वास्कोडिगामा का भारत आगमन ?1498 ई०
44भारत में आर्यों का आगमन ?1500 ई०
45पानीपत का प्रथम युद्ध ?1526 ई०
46बाबर की मृत्युम और हुमायूं का राज्याथभिषेक1530 ई
47शेरशाह सूरी ने हुमायूं का हराया1539
48कन्नौहज की लड़ाई1540
49पानीपत का द्वितीय युद्ध ?1556 ई०
50पानीपत का तृतीय युद्ध ?1761 ई०
51हल्दी घाटी का युद्ध ?1576 ई०
52अकबर का राज्यारोहण ?1556 ई०
53तालिकोटा का युद्ध ?1565 ई०
54दीन-ए-इलाही धर्म की स्थापना ?1582 ई०
55ईस्ट इंडिया कंपनी की स्थासपना1600 ई०
56शिवाजी का जन्मइ1627 ई०
57औरंगजेब का राज्यािभिषेक1659 ई०
58नादिरशाह का भारत पर हमला1739 ई०
59प्लासी का युद्ध ?1757 ई०
60बक्सर का युद्ध ?1764 ई०
61प्रथम एंग्लो०-मैसूर युद्ध|1767-69
62प्रथम आंग्ल-मैसूर युद्ध ?1776- 69 ई०
63महाराजा रणजीत सिंह का जन्म|1780 ई०
64द्वितीय आंग्ल-मैसूर युद्ध ?1780- 84 ई०
65पिट्स इंडिया एक्ट|1784 ई०
66फ्रांसीसी क्रांती ?1789 ई०
67तृतीय आंग्ल-मैसूर युद्ध ?1790- 92 ई०
68चतुर्थ आंग्ल-मैसूर युद्ध ?1799 ई०
69टीपू सुल्तालन की मृत्यु्1799 ई०
70बंगाल में स्थायी बंदोबस्त ?1793 ई०
71बसेन की संधि|1802 ई०
72अमृतसर की संधि|1809 ई०
73सती प्रथा निषिद्ध|1829 ई०
74राजा राममोहन राय ने इंग्लैंड का दौरा किया1830 ई०
75महाराजा रणजीत सिंह की मौत|1839 ई०
76प्रथम एंग्लो-अफगान युद्ध|1839-42 ई०
77प्रथम आंग्ल-सिख युद्ध|1845-46 ई०
78सिपाही विद्रोह या आजादी की पहली लड़ाई|1857 ई०
79रवीन्द्रनाथ टैगोर का जन्म|1861 ई०
81भारतीय राष्ट्रीय कांग्रेस की नींव1885 ई०
82बंगाल में प्रथम विभाजन1905
83मुस्लिम लीग की स्थापना ?1906
84मार्ले – मिन्टो सुधार ?1909
85चीनी क्रांति ?1911
86प्रथम विश्वयुद्ध ?1914 -18
87रुसी क्रांति ?1917
88असहयोग आंदोलन ?1920 – 22
89साइमन कमीशन का आगमन ?1928
90दांडी मार्च नमक सत्याग्रह ?1930
91गाँधी इरविन समझौता ?1931
92प्रथम गोलमेज सम्मेलन ?1930
93द्वितीय गोलमेज सम्मेलन?1931
94तृतीय गोलमेज सम्मेलन ?1932
95द्वितीय विश्वयुद्ध ?1939 – 45
96क्रिप्स मिशन का आगमन ?1942
97कैबिनेट मिशन का आगमन ?1946
98महात्मा गांधी की हत्या ?1948
99चीन का भारत पर आगक्रम ?1962
100भारत – पाक युद्ध ?1965
101          ताशकंद- समझौता ?1966

Old Hindu Temples हिन्दुओं के प्राचीन मंदिर

List of ancient and magnificent temples situated in all four directions of united India. If you want to have a spiritual experience, then definitely read. The following list has been created with the help of various people. It is still in the stage of compilation, try to complete it as soon as possible, you can go to the temples of different areas by clicking on the menu above and go directly to that area.

अखंड भारत की चारों दिशाओं में स्थित प्राचीन व भव्य मंदिरों की लिस्ट। यदि आप आध्यात्मिक अनुभव लेना चाहते हैं तो जरूर पढ़ें। निम्न सूची अवं संग्रह विभिन्न लोगो के अनुदान से निर्मित की गई है. यह अब भी कंपाइलेशन की स्टेज में है, कोशिश है की जल्द से जल्द इसे पूरा किया जाये, आप विभिन्न क्षेत्रो के मंदिरो को ऊपर दिए गए मेनू पर क्लिक कर के सीधा उस क्षेत्र पर जा सकते है

In India

Southern India

Tamil Nadu

Shore Temple, Tamil Nadu

The Shore Temple was built in 700–728 AD is located near Chennai in Tamil Nadu n is so named because it overlooks the shore of the Bay of Bengal. It is now UNESCO world heritage site.

Shore Temple is built using the granite stones and it is one of the oldest stone temples in South India.
Shore Temple was named as ‘Seven Pagodas’ due to its pyramidal structure. The name ‘Seven Pagodas’ indicate to the existence of 7 temples in the past.

It is beautiful structure is an architectural marvel, which depicts the ancient finesse of art. In the time of Pallava dynasty, Mahabalipuram was popular trading port.
The construction of Shore Temple was started by Pallava ruler Narasimhavarman II.

Later, Cholas built the additional parts of the temple after invading the Mamallapuram from the Pallavas.

Credit: Harsha on Twitter

Ekambareswar Temple एकमबरेश्वर मंदिर, कांचीपुरम, तमिलनाडु

Ekambareswar Temple, Kanchipuram, Tamilnadu : Magnificent 9th Century Chola Dynasty Ekambareswarar Shiva/Vishnu Temple,Kanchipuram,TN/Panch Bootha Sthala-Earth/1 of the Tallest 194ft RajaGopuram/Temple’s 3500yr old Mango tree ‘s 4 branches yield 4 different types of Mangoes

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Credit to Sangitha Varier from Twitter

Airavatesvara temple, TN एरावटेश्वर मंदिर, दारासुरम, तमिलनाडु

Airavatesvara Temple is a Hindu temple of Dravidian architecture located in the town of Darasuram, near Kumbakonam, Thanjavur District in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu.

The temple is now UNESCO world heritage site was built by king Rajaraja Chola II. He ruled the Chola Empire between 1146 and 1172 CE.The established capital for his predecessors was Gangapuri, named after the holy north Indian Ganges River and goddess.

The stone temple incorporates a chariot structure,and includes major Vedic and Puranic deities such as Indra, Agni,Varuna,Vayu,Brahma, Surya, Vishnu, Saptamtrikas, Durga, Saraswati, Sri Ganga, Yamuna, Subrahmanya, Ganesha,Kama, Rati and others.Shiva’s consort has a dedicated shrine called the Periya Nayaki Amman temple.

Chennakesava Temple, Belur, श्री चेन्नकेश्वर मंदिर, कर्नाटक

One of the greatest places of worship ever built is the Chennakesava Temple, Belur. Initially commisioned in the 12th century CE by the Hoysala ruler, Vishnuvardhana, the temple was built over three generations & took over 100 years to complete. This temple dedicated to Hindu god Vishnu is located in the village of Hullekere,is a Village in Turuvekere Taluk in Tumkur District of Karnataka State, India.

It was built in 1163 A.D. by a minister of Hoysala empire king Narasimha I. The monument is protected by the Karnataka state division of Archaeological Survey of India. Probably the greatest architectural triumph in the world, every nook and corner of the temple represents a story and leaves you in awe of its sheer chiselled brilliance. I can go on and on about the temple, but the fact is there can NEVER be another one like this. @Sanjay_Dixit

One can post a 1000 pics of the wonder but still not cover 5% of the marvel. This is one temple that has to be experienced. ChennaKesava means “Beautiful Vishnu” and it seems to have been created by Vishnu himself. credit: travel_with_sre| Charles Haynes |Sajit Ravindran

Shri Ramanatha Swami Temple Rameshwaram, Tamil Nadu / श्रीरामनथा स्वामी मंदिर रामेश्वरम्, तमिलनाडु

Shri Meenakshi Temple, Madurai / श्री मीनाक्षी मंदिर, मदुरै

How Wondrous is Our Heritage!!The “Zero Echo”1000 Pillar Hall In The Amazing 6th Century CE Madurai Meenakshi Amman Temple,TN dedicated to Goddess Parvati/Lord Shiva. The Temple with 33,000 Sculptures

Credit : Sangitha Varier https://twitter.com/VarierSangitha/status/1253909510952894464

Shri Ranganatha Swamy Temple, Srirangam, Tamil Nadu / श्री रंगनाथा स्वामी मंदिर, श्रीरंगम, तमिलनाडु

No Words can describe the Stunning Ancient Architecture Marvel 6th Century SriRanganathaswamy Temple,Srirangam,TN -156 acres,81 shrines/21 towers/39 pavilions/9water tanks/1000 Pillared Mandap/240ft Main Gopuram. A must in Arch Courses

Shri Thillai Nataraj Temple, Chidambaram, Tamil Nadu / श्री थिल्लई नटराज मंदिर, चिदंबरम, तमिलनाडु

Ekambreshwar Temple, Kanchipuram, Tamil Nadu / एकमबरेश्वर मंदिर, कांचीपुरम, तमिलनाडु

Brihadiswarar Temple, Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu / बृहदीश्वरर मंदिर, थंजावुर, तमिलनाडु

Brihadisvara Temple at Gangaikonda Cholapuram is a Hindu temple dedicated to Shiva in Gangaikonda Cholapuram, Jayankondam, in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu.

Gangaikonda Cholapuram is a Village located near to Jayankondam, Tamil Nadu, India. It became the capital of the Chola dynasty in c. 1025 during the reign of Rajendra Chola I, and served as the Chola capital for around 250 years.

The main. temple dedicated to Shiva is based on a square plan, but it reverentially displays other Hindu deities such as Vishnu, Durga, Surya, Harihara, Ardhanarishvara, and others.

Credit: Harsha Patel @Harsha2013 on twitter

Shri Arunachaleshwar Temple, Thiruvannamalai, Tamil Nadu / श्री अरूणाचलेश्वर मंदिर, तिरूवन्नामलाई, तमिलनाडु

Aravateshwar Temple, Darasuram, Tamil Nadu / एरावटेश्वर मंदिर, दारासुरम, तमिलनाडु

Kailashnath Temple, Tamil Nadu / कैलाशनाथ मंदिर, तमिलनाडु

Shri Varadaraja Swami Temple, Kanchipuram, Tamil Nadu / श्री वरदराजा स्वामी मंदिर, कांचीपुरम, तमिलनाडु

Kamakshi Amman Temple, Kanchipuram, Tamil Nadu / कामाक्षी अम्मन मंदिर, कांचीपुरम, तमिलनाडु

Srivakuntanath Swamy, Shri Vaikuntham, Tamil Nadu / श्रीवैकुंटनाथ स्वामी, श्री वैकुंठम, तमिलनाडु

Sreemurgan Temple, Tamil Nadu / श्रीमुर्गन मंदिर, तमिलनाडु


Shriganga Saraswati Temple Basra, Telangana / श्रीगंगा सरस्वती मंदिर बसरा, तेलंगाना

Shri Sita Ramachandra Swamy Temple, Bhadrachalam, Telangana / श्री सीता रामचंद्र स्वामी मंदिर, भद्राचलम, तेलंगाना

Shri Jogulamb Temple, Telangana / श्री जोगुलंब मंदिर, तेलंगाना

Rampa Temple, Telangana / रामप्पा मंदिर, तेलंगाना

Srilakshmi Narasimha Swamy Temple, Yadagiri Gatta, Telangana / श्रीलक्ष्मी नरसिम्हा स्वामी मंदिर, यादगिरीगट्टा, तेलंगाना


Virupaksha Temple, Hampi, Karnataka / विरूपक्ष मंदिर, हम्पी, कर्नाटक

Shri Chamundeshwari Temple, Mysore, Karnataka / श्री चामुंडेश्वरी मंदिर, मैसूर, कर्नाटक

Hoysaleswara Temple, Halebidu, Karnataka / होयसेलेश्वरा मंदिर, हलेबिडु, कर्नाटक

Shri Murudeshwara Swamy Temple, Bhatkal, Karnataka / श्री मुरूदेश्वर स्वामी मंदिर, भटकल, कर्नाटक

Stunning Architectural Skills👌Scenic Murudeswar Shiva Temple/ Bhatkal, Karnataka/ 20 storied 237.5ft RajaGopura/No pillars/No cement/No iron bars or columns/Only Locking of stone🙏 A must in all 🇮🇳 Architecture Syllabus

Murdeshwar is a town in Bhatkal Taluk of Uttara Kannada district in the state of Karnataka, India. The town is located 13 km from the taluk headquarters of Bhatkal.

#RewriteHistory Speechless👌12th century Marvel Kopeshwar ShivJi Temple built by Shilahara King Gandaraditya,KidrapurKolhapur/Stunningly Beautiful Lathe turned pillars Wth Advanced technology🙏To D Gr8 Skilled Ancient🇮🇳Artisans🙏

Credit Sangitha Varrier on Twitter

Lakshminarasimha Temple, Harnhalli, Karnataka

The Lakshminarasimha temple at Haranhalli is a complete and good example of 13th century Hoysala architecture. Haranhalli is located about 35 km from Hassan city in Karnataka state, India.

The temple, whose main deity is the Hindu god Vishnu, was built in 1235 A.D. by the Hoysala Empire King Vira Someshwara. The temple is a protected monument under the Karnataka state division of the Archaeological Survey of India.

Credit Harsha Patel on Twitter https://twitter.com/harshasherni/status/1253902539902332933

Shri Manjunath Temple, Karnataka / श्री मंजुनाथ मंदिर, कर्नाटक

Shri Krishna Temple, Karnataka / श्री कृष्ण मंदिर, कर्नाटक

Shri Mukambika Devi Temple, Kolur, Karnataka / श्री मूकम्बिका देवी मंदिर, कोल्लूर, कर्नाटक

Srithirunarayan Swamy Temple, Melkot, Karnataka / श्रीथिरूनारायण स्वामी मंदिर, मेलकोट, कर्नाटक

Kalleshwara Temple, Hadagalitaluka, Karnataka

The Kalleshwara temple (also spelt Kalleshvara or Kallesvara) is located in the town of Hire Hadagali of the Hoovina Hadagalitaluka in Bellary district of Karnataka state, India. This temple is protected as a monument of national importance by the Archaeological Survey of India.

The temple was constructed by Demarasa, prime minister (or mahamatya) to Western Chalukya Empire King Someshvara I  who reigned from 1042–1068 CE.The temple is protected as a monument of national importance by the Archaeological Survey of India.

According to an Old Kannada inscription (dated 1083) placed in the sabhamantapa (lit, “gathering hall”), the temple was constructed during the reign of the Western Chalukya Empire King Vikramaditya VI.

Credit: @HarshaPatel2013 on Twitter

Veera Narayana Temple, Karnataka

The Veera Narayana temple is located in Belavadi, a village in the Chikkamagaluru district of Karnataka state, India. It is a short distance from the famous temple towns of Belur and Halebidu.

The temple was built during the rule of the Hoysala Empire.Known to legend as Ekachakranagara, Belavadi is said to be the place mentioned in Mahabharatha where Pandava prince Bheema killed the demon Bakasura and protected the village and its people.

Credit Harsha on Twitter https://twitter.com/harshasherni/status/1254624082588512257


Shri Padmanabhaswamy Temple Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala / श्रीपद्मनाभस्वामी मंदिर तिरूअनंतपुरम, केरल

Shri Ayyappa Temple, Kerala / श्री अयप्पा मंदिर, केरल

Shri Krishna Temple, Kerala / श्री कृष्ण मंदिर, केरल

Wadakmanathan Temple, Kerala / वडक्कमनाथन मंदिर, केरल

Shrivakom Mahadev Temple, Kerala / श्रीवैकोम महादेव मंदिर, केरल

Mannarshala Srinagarj Temple, Alappuzha, Kerala / मन्नारशाला श्रीनागराज मंदिर, अलप्पुझा, केरल

Andhra Pradesh

Shri Kanak Durga Devi Temple, Vijayawada, Andhra Pradesh / श्री कनक दुर्गा देवी मंदिर, विजयवाडा, आंध्रप्रदेश

Shri Narasimha Temple, Ahobilam, Andhra Pradesh / श्री नरसिम्हा मंदिर, अहोबिलम, आंध्र प्रदेश

Shri Chaturmukh Brahmaleshwar Temple, Cheberolu, Andhra Pradesh / श्री चतुर्मुख ब्रह्मलिंगेश्वर मंदिर, चेबरोलु, आंध्र प्रदेश

Shri Virbhadra Temple, Andhra Pradesh / श्री वीरभद्र मंदिर, आंध्र प्रदेश

Shri Veer Venkat Satyanarayana Swamy Temple, Annawaram, Andhra Pradesh / श्री वीर वेंकट सत्यनारायण स्वामी मंदिर, अन्नावरम्, आंध्र प्रदेश

Shri Varrah Lakshmi Narasimha Swamy Temple, Simhachalam, Andhra Pradesh / श्री वरह लक्ष्मी नरसिम्हा स्वामी मंदिर, सिम्हाचलम, आंध्र प्रदेश

Srikmulangeshwara Temple, Srikakulam, Andhra Pradesh / श्रीमुखलिंगेश्वर मंदिर, श्रीकाकुलम, आंध्र प्रदेश

Vednarayan Swamy Temple, Chittoor, Andhra Pradesh / वेदनारायण स्वामी मंदिर, चित्तूर, आंध्र प्रदेश

Shrimalikarjun Swami Temple, Srisailam, AP

Mahanandiswara Temple, Mahanandi, Andhra Pradesh / महानन्दीश्वर मंदिर, महानन्दी, आंध्र प्रदेश

Shrivardishti Vinayak Temple, Kanipakkam, Andhra Pradesh / श्रीवरसिद्धि विनायक मंदिर, कनिपक्कम, आंध्र प्रदेश

Shrikaramund Temple, Shrikaram, Andhra Pradesh / श्रीकरमंध मंदिर, श्रीकरमम, आंध्र प्रदेश

Shri Venkateswara Temple, Tirupati / श्रीवेंकटेश्वर मंदिर, तिरूपति

The Gateway to Heaven Kaliyuga Vaikuntam – Lord of the 7 Hills 300 CE Tirumala Tirupathi Lord Venkateswara Vishnu Temple who appeared here to save mankind from Sorrows of Kali Yuga

Credit : Sangitha Varier @VarierSangitha on Twitter

Chintala Venkataraman Temple, AP

IncredibleIndia Stunning Traditional Yali Carved 60 plus pillared Mandap-In 16th Century Vijayanagara Empire Sri Chintala Venkataramana Temple,Tadipatri,AP dedicated to Lord Vishnu

An ASI protected Architectural Marvel https://t.co/JfHFxHQf9j

Credit Sangitha on twitter https://twitter.com/VarierSangitha/status/1255706814101860352?s=19

Eastern India


Sreejagannath Temple, Puri, Odisha / श्रीजगन्नाथ मंदिर, पुरी, ओडिशा

Sun Temple in Konark, Odisha / सूर्य मंदिर कोणार्क, ओडिशा

Shri Lingaraj Temple, Bhubaneshwar / श्री लिंगराज मंदिर, भुवनेश्वर

Shri Mukteshwar Temple, Bhubaneshwar / श्री मुक्तेश्वर मंदिर, भुवनेश्वर

SriConth Yogini Temple, Odisha / श्रीचौंसठ योगिनी मंदिर, ओडिशा

Parashurameshvara Temple, Odissha

Parashurameshvara Temple is considered to be the best-preserved specimen of an ancient Hindu temple. The Temple was constructed in the early 7th century but the astonishing maintenance of this massive temple is the biggest attraction of it. The temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva.

The stunning Nagara-style architecture oozes a charm of its own. The alluring idols of Shakta deities is another main attraction of this place. Parashuramashtami & Maha Shivratri are the major festivals celebrated in the temple.

Parashurameshvara represents Shiva as the lord of Parashurama, one of the avatars of Vishnu. The temple derives its name from the penance of Parashurama & the resultant grace of Shiva. Parashurashtami is the main festival celebrated during June–July of every year.

At the outer wall there is an amazing idol of four armed Lord Ganesha seated on a singhasan, with his trunk touching a bowl of Modak held in his lower left hand. An idol of Lord Karttikeya holding a spear in his left hand is also seen along with his mount peacock.

The temple contains the earliest representation of a six-armed Mahishamardini (Durga) image, shown inside a gavaksha frame holding a sword in the upper left hand while in the upper right hand, she is seen pressing the face of the demon buffalo.

Pediment outside of the temple, which depicts vampires and demons (vetala) as well as several animals. Decorated window on the temple with sculptures of dancers (top) and musicians (below).

Decorations outside the temple consisting of engravings of divine geese (hamsa) as well as flowers, at the lower part it can be apreciated the symbol of the Purna-Kalasha and on the left the image of a Lingam that represents Shiva.

The temple history dates back to the period between the 7th & 8th centuries. The temple was built by the Shailodbhavas, who had Lord Shiva as their family deity. The Shailodbhavas also worshiped the Shakta deities & hence depicted images of deities on the walls of the temple. This is the only Shiva temple in Bhubaneswar to contain depictions of Saptamatrikas, including Chamunda, Varahi, Indrani, Vaishnavi, Kaumari, Shivani and Brahmi. The temple is maintained and administered by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI).

Few more attractions of this temple: A big Shiva Lingam, which is carved With 1008 Miniature Of itself is at the temple premises Maa Laxmi sitting on a lotus flower and surrounded by two elephants is also depicted on the outer wall.

Credit : @Lisha_Indian on Twitter


Shri Baidyanath Temple, Jharkhand / श्री बैद्यनाथ मंदिर, झारखंड


Kamakhya Temple, Guwahati, Assam / कामाख्या मंदिर, गुवाहाटी, असम

West Bengal

Sridakineshwar Temple, Kolkata / श्रीदक्षिणेश्वर मंदिर, कोलकाता

Northern India


Shreemundeshwari Temple, Bihar / श्रीमुंडेश्वरी मंदिर, बिहार

Shri Vishnupada Temple, Gaya / श्रीविष्णुपद मंदिर, गया


Danteswari Temple, Chhattisgarh / दन्तेश्वरी मंदिर, छत्तीसगढ़


Sheetla Mata Temple, Gurgaon / शीतला माता मंदिर, गुड़गांव

Himachal Pradesh

Shri Baijnath Temple, Himachal / श्री बैजनाथ मंदिर, हिमाचल

Srilaksminarayan Temple, Chamba, Himachal Pradesh / श्रीलक्ष्मीनारायण मंदिर, चम्बा, हिमाचल प्रदेश

Shrinina Devi Temple, Himachal Pradesh / श्रीनैना देवी मंदिर, हिमाचल प्रदेश

Maa Asha Devi Temple, HP

Drona Shiv Bari Temple, Gagret, HP

Drona Shiv Bari Temple, Amb, HP is believed to be 5000 years Old. The forest around is very dense and trees here are quaint. The wood from this forest is only used for cremation.

It is believed that Rishi Drona used to use this place as base location for travel to Himalaya. His daughter Yajyati was stubborn to go along Rishi Drona. Drona planned to keep Yajyati busy and ask her to recite Beej Mantra till his return.

On his return he was surprised to see her daughter playing with Lord Shiva himself. Lord Shiva told a curious Rishi that his daughter has called him thats why he is there. @LostTemple7#omnamahshivay

Basheshwar Mahadev Temple, Kullu, HP

The biggest stone temple in Kullu, dedicated to Lord Shiva (Visweshvara Mahadev temple). Janashrutis’ related to Pandavas’ Agyaatwas, again rebuilt in the 8-9th century.

Credit : डॉ महेन्दर @Mahender_Chem

UT Of Jammu & Kashmir

Badrinarayan Temple, Uttarakhand22.Raghunath Temple, Jammu / बद्रीनारायण मंदिर, उत्तराखंड22.रघुनाथ मंदिर, जम्मू

Baba Amarnath, Kashmir, Jammu and Kashmir / बाबा अमरनाथ, कश्मीर, जम्मू और कश्मीर

Shree Vishnodevi Temple, Jammu, Jammu and Kashmir / श्रीवेष्णोदेवी मंदिर, जम्मू, जम्मू और कश्मीर


Ekalinganathji Temple, Udaipur, Rajasthan / एकलिंगनाथजी मंदिर, उदयपुर, राजस्थान

Shrinathji Temple, Nathdwara / श्रीनाथजी मंदिर, नाथद्वारा

Brahma Temple, Pushkar: / ब्रह्मा मंदिर, पुष्कर :

Tripureshwari Temple, Udaipur, / त्रिपुरेश्वरी मंदिर, उदयपुर, त्रिपुरा

Shri Salasar Hanuman Temple, Salasar, Rajasthan / श्री सलासर हनुमान मंदिर, सलासर, राजस्‍थान

Jagadpita Brahma Temple, Pushkar / जगद्पिता ब्रह्मा मंदिर, पुष्कर

Shri Baba Ramdev Temple, Runicha Dham Ramdevra, Rajasthan / श्री बाबा रामदेव मंदिर, रुणिचा धाम रामदेवरा, राजस्थान

Shri Mehndipur Balaji, Mehndipur Rajasthan / श्रीमेहंदीपुर बालाजी, मेहंदीपुर राजस्थान

Northern India


Mansa Devi Temple, Haridwar / मनसा देवी मंदिर, हरिद्वार

Shreebdrinarayan Temple, Badrinath / श्रीबद्रीनारायण मंदिर, बद्रीनाथ

Yamunotri Temple, Uttarakhand / यमुनोत्री मंदिर, उत्तराखंड

Kedarnath, Uttarakhand / केदारनाथ, उत्तराखंड

Gangotri Temple, Uttarakhand / गंगोत्री मंदिर, उत्तराखंड

Mankameshwar Temple, Ranikhet, Uttrakhand

A temple for soldiers going for war!! The Kumau regiment soldiers goes this temple before going for war. If you are lucky, you will have best view of Himalaya mountain range. You can view Himalayas mountains where Pandavas got their final destination.

Uttar Pradesh

Kashi Vishwanath Temple Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh / काशी विश्वनाथ मंदिर वाराणसी, उत्तरप्रदेश

बारह ज्योतिर्लिंगों में से एक है। यह मंदिर पिछले कई हजारों वर्षों से वाराणसी में स्थित है। काशी विश्‍वनाथ मंदिर का हिंदू धर्म में एक विशिष्‍ट स्‍थान है। ऐसा माना जाता है कि एक बार इस मंदिर के दर्शन करने और पवित्र गंगा में स्‍नान कर लेने से मोक्ष की प्राप्ति होती है। इस मंदिर में दर्शन करने के लिए आदि शंकराचार्य, सन्त एकनाथ रामकृष्ण परमहंस, स्‍वामी विवेकानंद, महर्षि दयानंद, गोस्‍वामी तुलसीदास सभी का आगमन हुआ हैं।

निर्माता महारानी अहिल्या बाई होल्कर
स्थापित 1780

It is one of the twelve Jyotirlingas. This temple has been located in Varanasi for many thousands of years. Kashi Vishwanath Temple has a special place in Hinduism. It is believed that one can get salvation by visiting this temple and taking a bath in the holy Ganges. Adi Shankara, Sant Eknath Ramakrishna Paramahansa, Swami Vivekananda, Maharishi Dayanand, Goswami Tulsidas have all come to visit this temple. Established in 1780 by Maharani AhilyaBai Holkar

Source: https://hi.wikipedia.org/wiki/काशीविश्वनाथमन्दिर

Sri Krishna Janmabhoomi Temple, Mathura / श्रीकृष्ण जन्मभूमि मंदिर, मथुरा

Shri Ram Lala Temple, Ayodhya / श्री राम लला मंदिर, अयोध्या

Hanuman Dhara, Chitrakoot Uttar Pradesh / हनुमानधारा, चित्रकुट उत्तर प्रदेश

Madhya Pradesh

Kandhariya Mahadev Temple, Khajuraho / कंधारिया महादेव मंदिर, खजुराहो

Chaunsath Yogini Temple, Madhya Pradesh

Chaunsath means 64, one of the oldest heritage site , sitated on a hilltops in MadhyaPradesh.

It was constructed by Kalchuri Dynasty in the 10th Century madebonly local granite. There are about 150 stairs leading to the temple.

Yogini means female Yogic Practitioner. It is also symbol of Shakti.

credit Creative Media

There are 8 major form of Godesses, each Devi has 8 attendants, hence the name 64. The yemple is constructed in a circular form with inner diameter of 116 feet and outer diameter of 131 feet.

Narmada view is visible from the temple. The temple cloister consistes of 84 square pillars and has arrangement of 81 cells and 3 entrances.

This is one of the 4 Chausath Yogini temples in India.

Shrimahakaleshwar Temple Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh / श्रीमहाकालेश्वर मंदिर उज्जैन, मध्यप्रदेश

Kandhariya Mahadev Temple, Khajuraho, Madhya Pradesh / कंधारिया महादेव मंदिर, खजुराहो, मध्यप्रदेश

Aakreshwar Mahadev Temple, Omkareshwar, Madhya Pradesh / ॐकारेश्वर महादेव मंदिर, ओमकारेश्वर, मध्यप्रदेश प्रस्तुति : अनिरुद्ध जोश ‘शता

Kailasha Temple, Ellora / श्रीकैलाशनाथ मंदिर, एलोरा

The temple is Hand chiseled & carved downwards intricately from top of mountain, 1000s of yrs ago. 400 Million Kgs of stone dug out of the mountain. And the World asks us to show them a Wonder ? Source @LostTemple7

Source : Isha Foundation

Western India


Shri Mahalsa Narayani Devi Temple, Ponda, Goa / श्रीमहालसा नारायणी देवी मंदिर, पोंडा, गोवा

Srisanta Durga Temple, Kawalem, Goa / श्रीशांता दुर्गा मंदिर, कावालेम, गोवा


Shri Dwarkadheesh, Gujarat / श्रीद्वारकाधीश, गुजरात

Srisomeshwar Swamy Temple, Gujarat / श्रीसोमेश्वर स्वामी मंदिर, गुजरात

Shri Ambaji Temple, Banaskantha, Gujarat / श्री अंबाजी मंदिर, बनासकांठा, गुजरात

Sreesuri Temple, Modhera, Gujarat / श्रीसूर्य मंदिर, मोधेरा, गुजरात

Shrimahakali Temple, Pavagadh, Gujarat / श्रीमहाकालीका मंदिर, पावागढ़, गुजरात


श्री ग्रश्नेश्वर मंदिर, महाराष्ट्र Grishneshwar Temple, Maharashtra

Grishneshwar ( Ghrneshwar or Dhushmeshwar) jyotirlingTemple,is one of the shrines dedicated to Lord Shiva that is referenced in the Shiva Purana, which considers it as the last or twelfth Jyotirlinga.

It is about 30 kilometres north-west of the city of Aurangabad,and at about 1.7km distance fr Ellora one of the UNESCO world heritage site.
 The temple structure was destroyed by the Delhi Sultanate in 13th and 14th-century. The temple went through several rounds of rebuilding.

The Grishneshwar temple was re-constructed by Maloji Raje Bhosale, the grandfather of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, in the 16th century.Later,the temple was again recnstrcted in the 18th century by Rani Ahilyabhai Holkar,a Maratha princess who ruled Indore fr 1765 CE to 1795 CE.

Credit : Harsha 🇮🇳 http://www.twitter.com/harshapatel2013

Shrididdhivinayak Temple, Mumbai / श्रीसिद्धिविनायक मंदिर, मुंबई

Shri Grishneshwar Temple, Maharashtra / श्री ग्रश्नेश्वर मंदिर, महाराष्ट्र

Trimbakeshwar Temple, Maharashtra / त्रयम्बकेश्वर मंदिर, महाराष्ट्र

Trimbakeshwar Shiva Temple is an ancient Hindu temple in the town of Trimbak, in the Trimbakeshwar tehsil in the Nashik District of Maharashtra, India, 28 km from the city of Nashik.

It is dedicated to the god Shiva and is one of the twelve Jyotirlingas.The origin of the sacred Godavari river is near Trimbak. In the period of the Peshwas regime Nana Saheb Peshwa had instructed to construct the Trimbakeshwar temple and developed

Snd beautified the city of Trimbakeshwar. The Brahmagiri Hill is located in the temple town of Trimbak, just 1 km west of the Trimbakeshwar Shiva Temple.

Credit : Harsha 🇮🇳 http://www.twitter.com/harshapatel2013

Kunkeshwar temple, Sindhudurg, Maharashtra

Kunkeshwar is a small village of Konkan in Maharashtra, India is
situated on the bank of Arabian Sea. It is well known for temple of the Lord Shiva.

Kunkeshwar is also known as Konkan Kashi. It is believed that the
temple of Kunkeshwar was built many years back by a Muslim sailor. He built the temple as promised. The Lingam was already there. As the Sailor was a non-Hindu, he thought that his religion will not accept him.

he committed suicide from the top of temple.
Along with religious imp kunkeshwar is well knwn for its beautiful beaches and serene nature…
It is located in the Sindhudurg district ..16 km away from Devgad 54 km from Malvan and 60 kilometers from Kankavli.

Credit: HarshaPatel2013 on Twitter

Shri Mahalaxmi Temple, Kolhapur, Maharashtra / श्री महालक्ष्मी मंदिर, कोल्हापुर, महाराष्ट्र

Bhadra Maruti Temple, Maharashtra / भद्र मारूति मंदिर, महाराष्ट्र

Tulja Bhavani Temple, Maharashtra / तुलजा भवानी मंदिर, महाराष्ट्र

Srisai Baba Temple, Shirdi, Maharashtra / श्रीसाई बाबा मंदिर, शिरडी, महाराष्ट्र

Saturn Temple, Shingnapur, Maharashtra / शनि मंदिर, शिंगणापुर, महाराष्ट्र

Shri Gajanan Maharaj, Shegaon, Maharashtra / श्री गजानन महाराज, शेगांव, महाराष्ट्र

Out of India

Yashoreshwari, District Opening, Bangladesh / यशोरेश्वरी, जिला, बांग्लादेश

Kailash Mansarovar, Tibet, China / कैलाश मानसरोवर, तिब्बत, चीन

Hinglaj Mata Temple, Balochistan, Pakistan / हिंगलाज माता मंदिर, बलूचिस्तान, पाकिस्तान

Hanuman Temple, Karachi, Pakistan / मं‍चमुख हनुमान मंदिर, कराची, पाकिस्तान

Pashupatinath Temple, Kathmandu / पशुपतिनाथ मंदिर, काठमांडू

Ganesha Temple, Asakusa, Japan

The history of Japan and India are more intertwined than one might think. A lot of gods and goddesses are common. Here is the Ganesha Temple in Asakusa. Ganesha is worshipped in Japan as Kangiten god of Conjugal Harmony, Child-Giving and Long Life. #TeamLostTemples@LostTemple7

credit: Manish Prabhune In Japan Kangiten is usually shown as a pair of two-armed, elephant-headed deities in embrace. Images of Kangiten are rare and many are kept as secret images in temples and shrines. cc: @Sanjay_Dixit@ashwinsanghi@ShefVaidya

Angkor Wat, Cambodia

Angkor Wat is a Hindu temple dedicated to the god Vishnu for the Khmer Empire, built by the Khmer King Suryavarman II in the early 12th century in erstwhile Yaśodharapura now called Angkor The temple is at the top of the high classical style of Khmer architecture.

Ta Prohm, Siem Reap, Cambodia

Prohm “Ancestor Brahma” a Rajavihara built in the Bayon style in late 12th and early 13th centuries

Batu Cave Temple, Malaysia

The temple is actually situated in a cave which is reached after walking up 350~ stairs. You are welcomed on front by a huge God’s idol. After you have covered mammoth 350 stairs and monkey’s snatching your baggage (polybags attracts them not camera pouch, for they take it as a food item), you reach first level of cave almost 50 meters in heights.

A temple is situated there. Priest of this temple ceremons good for you an offers prayer. you have to put off your shoes at this level. And you cross 50 more stairs to reach second level of cave. You will find another temple (probably Tamil God, I am not sure).

You might want to take some rest before coming back. The entire tour takes about 40 Minutes to complete.

Eunuchs in Ancient India — The Storytrails Blog

Between 1298 CE and 1306 CE, the fearsome and bloodthirsty Mongols of Central Asia attacked India on six different occasions. Each time, they were pushed back by Alauddin Khilji, emperor of the Delhi Sultanate. He was helped by his most trusted general, Malik Kafur. Did you know that Malik Kafur was eunuch?

Eunuchs in Ancient India — The Storytrails Blog