“Calculus” – Work of Mādhava of Sangamagrama

A Thread by Aabhas Maldahyar 

Profile pictureAabhas Maldahiyar 🇮🇳

@Aabhas24

Profile pictureMar 20th 2020, 3 tweets, 3 min read 1/n #SadarPranam @SrBachchan ji.
No it’s not Newton who should get complete credit for Calculus.Had Mādhava of Sangamagrama (14th Century) & his school not been there “Calculus” would have been incomplete. Read thread.

Amitabh Bachchan

 

@SrBachchan

  

T 3476 – “.. better work happening nowadays with people working from home. brings opportunity to trust our fellow colleagues ” ~ Sg

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2/n Had Mādhava not been there we couldn’t have moved to infinite form of mathematics from finite form. In Europe,the first such series were developed by James Gregory in 1667. Mādhava’s work is notable for the series,but what is truly remarkable is his estimate of an error term.

3/n The formulas in Sanskrit👇🏼

Source for 2/n & 3/n
“On an Untapped Source of Medieval Keralese Mathematics” by CT Rajagopal & Ms Rangachari (math.mit.edu/classes/18.01/… )

    

 

Aryan Invasion Theory – Debunked by Aabhas

Thread by Aabhas Maldahiyar
 
Aabhas Maldahiyar 🇮🇳@Aabhas24Columnist| Urban Designer|Author| Ex-Marxist | My latest book #ModiAgain (story of my transformation) preorder at garudabooks.com/modi-again/Aug. 27, 2019  5 min read

1/n I offer my #SadarPranam to Ishwara within @tjoseph0010 . There are abundant flaws in his article that you shared William Sir. My Pranam to you too while in below thread of tweets I debunk “Aryan Migration(Invasion) Theory”wrt the article.

Tony sir,pl don’t respond until n/n


William Dalrymple
@DalrympleWill

Can the arrival of the Aryans in India explain the disconnect between Harappan and Vedic culture? https://scroll.in/article/906684/can-the-arrival-of-the-aryans-in-india-explain-the-disconnect-between-harappan-and-vedic-culture … via @scroll_in

Can the arrival of the Aryans in India explain the disconnect between Harappan and Vedic culture?

There is a fundamental discontinuity between the two cultures, writes Tony Joseph in his book ‘Early Indians’.

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2/n As a starting point one needs to understand literature of civilisation to know who they are & where they are from. The latest researches about “River Saraswati” had begun drying around 24ka.
Ref: Bhadra (2014). You may read full paper here  https://www.academia.edu/9339359/River_Saraswati_in_Northwest_India_CHAPTER_-1 …


 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 

3/n RigVeda,the oldest text of RigVeda talks about RiverSaraswati 65 times. In fact in earlier part, it talks about Sarasvati as greatest among all,hence the mightiest.
Check below 2.41.16

अम्बि॑तमे॒ नदी॑तमे॒ देवि॑तमे॒ सर॑स्वति । अ॒प्र॒श॒स्ता इ॑व स्मसि॒ प्रश॑स्तिमम्ब नस्कृधि ॥

4/n As per the theory that @tjoseph0010 has been subscribing to considers “Aryans” to have come to India in 2nd Millennium BCE, how did they mention about the river Saraswati as mighty of all though it had begun to dry 20k years before alleged arrival of Aryans.

5/n Of course Aryans didn’t had time-machine, or @tjoseph0010 you too fantasise that Aryans were that advanced? 😉

For more info on Geological aspects of Saraswati you may refer following papers Mary courty1986,Frankfort 1992,Khonde 2007,Clift 2012,Sarkar 2016,Singh2017,Dave2018

6/n Interesting point to enquire is that why Aryans don’t mention anything about the rivers or geography where the theory @tjoseph0010 uses hints then to come from? Did they not like their homeland? Why mention of only India?

7/n If the inhabitants of Indus Valley migrated to East & South, then why inhabitants of Tamil Nadu & Bengal too follow Vaidik Rituals. Infact a Tamil Hindu follows Vaidik ritual way more than a north-Indian (alleged Aryans)

8/n Further it gets even more interesting that while the theory @tjoseph0010 uses, clearly draws distinction between South & North wrt to Aryan-Dravidian Divide, but what gets interesting is that the First Sangam had Vaidik Rishi Agastya as chairman.

9/n I’m quoting from a book of an author who believes in Aryan Migration Theory but interestingly mentions “Sangam” as being founded by Agastya Rishi.

Though to keep the point of Aryan-Dravidian Divide,attributes Agastya as Dravidian.
World knows Agastya was a Vaidik Rishi. 😊







 

10/n Alain Danielou even cites First Sangam happening around 9000 BCE, which supports that Agastya lived 11ka hence Vaidik Wisdom is way older than what even this author believes.






 

11/n They contest that Aryans drove chariots into India from Pontic–Caspian steppe in 1800 BCE.

But what fails them is the amount of evidences that supports existence of “Horse Chariots” way earlier than this proposed date. I’m sharing evidences in appending tweets.

12/n Below points are taken from “Danino (2006)”.

BB Lal, SP Gupta & AK Sharma, Thomas & Joglekar reported horse teeth & bones from various Harappan Sites which date way before alleged entry of Aryans.





 

13/n Archaeologist Dhavalikar found horse’s remains daring to mid 3rd Millennium BCE. It was recognised as domestic horse (Equus Cabalus).

It was a significant blow to AIT/AMT warriors.





14/n Horse figurine were discovered from Mohenjodaro & Lothal.

It will be foolish to believe that People of Indus-Saraswati Civilisation sculpted them without ever seen them.





 

15/n
Perhaps the most interesting of the model animals is one that I personally take to represent a horse. I do not think we need be particularly surprised if it should be proved that the horse existed thus early at Mohenjo-daro.

—E. J. H.Mackay,one of the early excavators.





16/n Then @tjoseph0010 tries to show cultural distinction between Aryans & Harappans using mistranslations of Vedas.

He quotes RgVed (7.21.5,10.99.3) & translates “Shishnadeva” as “Phallus” calling Dravidians as Phallus worshiper while Aryans as hater through the quoted verses





17/n @tjoseph0010 , The ancient Sanskrit grammarian and etymologist Yaksha translated the word “Shisnadeva” as “unchaste people” in his nirukta.

I’m really failing to understand who gave you translation as “Phallus”. Now I’ll also explain u RV7.21.5 & 10.99.3 as u seem unaware

18/n @tjoseph0010 RigVeda 7.21.5
न यातव इन्द्र जूजुवुनोर् न वन्दना शिवष्ठ वेद्यािभः |
स शधर्दयोर् िवषुणस्य जन्तोमार् िशश्नदेवा अिप गुरतंनः ||

Griffith’s translation:
<Let our true God subdue the hostile rabble: let not the lewd approach our holy worship.”>
No “Phallus”!

19/n RigVeda 10.99.3
स वाजंयातापदुष्पदा यन सवषार्ता पिर षदत्सिनष्यन |
अनवार् यच्छतदुरस्य वेदो घनिञ्छश्नदेवानिभ वपर्सा भूत ||

Griffith:
<He seized the hundred-gated castle’s treasure by craft, unchecked, and slew the lustful demons.>
@tjoseph0010 where is Phallus Worshiper?

20/n While @tjoseph0010 agrees that Harappans worship “Shiva” he thought that the alleged “Aryans” didn’t. So I thought of telling him situations of RigVeda where “Rudra” is worshiped. Of 1028 hymn in RigVeda, 3 are for “Rudra”.

I’ll quote Richas in appending tweets.

21/n @tjoseph0010 Mahamrintujaya mantra comes in RV(7.59.12),YV(3.60),AV(14.1.17).

ॐ त्र्यं॑बकं यजामहे सु॒गन्धिं॑ पुष्टि॒वर्ध॑नम् ।
उ॒र्वा॒रु॒कमि॑व॒ बन्ध॑नान् मृ॒त्योर् मुक्षीय॒ माऽमृता॑त् ।
This Richa is also called the Rudra mantra, referring to the furious aspect of Shiva.

22/n Now the 21/n breaks myth that the alleged “Aryans” didn’t worship Shiva. It further clarifies that Shiva was being worshiped when Saraswati was still flowing as mighty one. Hence it further draws cultural similarity between Harappans & your foreign “Aryans”.

23/n Now I bring in a very interesting aspect. While @tjoseph0010 denies Shiva worship among alleged “People from Steppe” the Western Indologist have been drawing parallel line between “Shiva” & “Terminus”. Though unlike Tony sir,Roger considers “worship” not “denouncement”.








 

24/n Right from the time of Greek Invasion,westerners hv been fancied to call”Dionysus”&Shiva same just to justify “Aryan Tourism Theory “ cc @IndianInterest

Here is one such eg by Wendy D, though @devduttmyth keeps blaming Indians for same.
Read paper  https://www.jstor.org/stable/1062337 

 

N/n In this thread (24 tweets)I’ve picked problems in article by @tjoseph0010 that supports “Aryan Migration Theory” written with excerpts from his book “Early Indians”.

I invite Tony sir to respond this rebuttal should he have enough substance.


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Pingala & Fibonnaci Series

A thread by Aabhas Maldahiyar 🇮🇳

n #SadarPranam to Ishwara within you @TonyPannWBAL ji. Since you are talking about the “gorgeous sequence” I being an “Indian Architect” couldn’t hold back but to share India’s contribution in originating it.

Read this thread👇🏼

Tony Pann
@TonyPannWBAL

It’s 11/23 or 1123. . The Fibonacci sequence is a series of numbers where every number is the sum of the two preceding it. Why important? It’s nature’s code! Fibonacci spirals are seen in everything from flowers to storm systems to the shape of galaxies.

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n Till 7yrs back I too believed that it was Fibonacci who crafted this beautiful sequence.

I did my UG Archi thesis on “Role of Applied Mathematics in Deriving Architectural Forms” in year 2011 but while continuing this research beyond B.Arch I came across Prof Deshpande. n He was retired HOD(Architecture) at VNIT,Nagpur. Reading about the use of Fibonacci Sequence in my thesis he revealed the Indian part of it. Which goes as below:

@TonyPannWBAL pl read carefully 👇🏼 n Way longer before “Jesus of Nazareth” is deemed to be born Sanskrit was at its peak in Bharata (what you call India) & Hindus we’re accumulating knowledge like there is no tomorrow.

Interestingly you always wish to circulate & spread your knowledge or else it’s of no use. n Sanskrit played a major role in propagation for its highly flexible characteristic.

Sanskrit was perfect Bhasha to compose poetry incorporating these learning & propagating them orally. n But our ancestors had a big challenge: finding a way to compose poems efficiently enough SK that they are relatively easier to remember as well as recite.

& then “Sanskrit Prosody” came in play: a methodology based on rhythms + arrangement of tones. n Prosody is a vast field of study where natural rhythms are determined in order to create a framework for poetry which would appealing to the ears.

Being naturally pleasant,the probability of it being remembered for a long time with minimal effort is giant. n This “pleasant” effect in Sanskrit is called “Chanda”. Hence, this poetry framework, whose aim was to produce pleasant poems, was called “Chandas” in Sanskrit. Hence the field was & is called “Chandaḥśāstra”. n @TonyPannWBAL ,you might be wondering that why am I touching upon Sanskrit Sutras & Poems.

😊Well, that’s the beauty of ancient Indian wisdom. Our art, is actually way beyond what west perceives it to be. n Our ancestors composed poems not merely as art forms but as highly sophisticated Mathematical concepts in order to pass the test of Sanskrit Shlokas. “Chandaḥśāstra” was one such mathematical concept which were widely used by the poets. n Let me elaborate. In Chanda Shastra,it’s all about 2 syllables: Short syllable which need 1 beat (Laghu) and Long syllable which require 2 beats (Guru).

One uses same concept while playing Tabla too. Here we call Short syllable as “Dhin” & Long syllable as “Dha”. n Now, let’s try to significance of this Chandaḥśāstra from a poet’s perspective.

Composition of each poem begins by fixing the total number of beats per shloka, hence creativity gets drastically confined as the content in each line must suffice “total beats per line.” n Hence, it’s essential for the composer to know well in advance, how he can arrange the Laghus & Gurus in each shloka & the probabilities for each shloka.

Let me put forward a simple hypothetical case of 2 beats per shloka. n With this assumption,since there are only 2 beats,it can either be filled with 2 Laghus or 1 Guru. It implies that there are 2 combinations.

Next, let’s consider 3 beats. Following combinations shall occur:
•1 Laghu & 1 Guru
•1 Guru & 1 Laghu
•All the 3 Laghus n Hence, we can have 3 combinations if we are asked to compose a shloka containing 3 beats.

If we follow this sequence,with 4 beats,we can have 5 combinations. With 5 beats,we can have 9 combinations & so on. n With 6 beats, we can have 13 combinations. With 7 beats, we can have 21 combinations. The game of sequence goes on and on.

What does it seem like? 1,2,3,5,8,13,21…

Fibonacci Series. Isn’t it? This is the base of “Chandaḥśāstra”

It gets more interesting. Pl read in👇🏼 n Rishi Pingala framed the so called “Fibonacci Series” that is root of Chandaḥśāstra ( 4th Cen BCE or earlier).

Apart from that he also laid concept for the pyramid of stacked numbers which globe calls as “Pascal’s Triangle” today. 😊 n Back then Mount Meru was common reference to the centre of Hindu civilization. Pingala had called his stack of numbers as “Maatra Meru” which claimed to converge towards the Golden Mean Ratio.

Source: “Venus Blueprint: Uncovering the Ancient Science of Sacred Spaces”

n We find a lot more in this book & the explanations are just too interesting. This is link for the book:

Hence Rishi Pingala had conceptualised it 2.5 Ka bp (books.google.com/books/about/Th…) n Though I don’t want to get into this right now but just briefing a bit. RigVeda (composed at least 24ka bp) too has mention of “Meru”. (Relate with 19/n).

Will share details of it in case you are interested. n Apart from Sanskrit poets, Hindustani & Carnatic musical Forms too have used this series perfectly.

In this video one can observe rhythms in Konnakol form (Carnatic music)that use so called Fibonacci Series.

n For ages,so called “Fibonacci Series”have been in use especially by Indian poets,classical musicians, as well as Architects.

There have been detailed commentaries of Pingala Chandaḥśāstra made by many ancient Indian scholars for their respective fields. n The Indian Astronomer-Mathematician Varahamihira(6th Cen CE) used this sequence in his works related to Binomial Coefficients.

Source: “An Algorithm to Generalize the Pascal and Fibonacci Matrices” by
Ilhan M. Izmirli (June,2015)

n Pingala & Varahamihira used the number series for their respective fields like Sanskrit Prosody & Astronomy.

Acharya Henchandra (12th Cen) wrote one of the most comprehensive commentary on it applying it to various other fields. n Acharya Hemachandra compiled his treatise in 1150 CE. Leonardo Fibonacci presented his thesis only in 1202 CE. (identical to that of Hemachandra).

Hence,even in the form of a treatise, it was presented by Hemachandra, before Leonardo Fibonacci by almost 5 decades. n Actually series is already known as “Hemchandra Fibonacci Numbers”, though yetthe originator Pingala is to get due credit.

Source: Butterfly in the Quantum World

Harrappans were Vedic and didn;t ate Beef

A thread by Aabhas Maldahiyar

Sadar Pranam to the God within you @HartoshSinghBal ji. You are absolutely wrong. It’s a false claim that ancient Indians ate beef & Harappans weren’t Vedic. Read thread 👇🏼& you may respond in your full capacity. Cc @Sanjay_Dixit @sankrant @ShefVaidya @RituRathaur @TajinderBaggaHartosh Singh Bal@HartoshSinghBal

the harappans ate beef, the vedic people ate beef. any one laying claims to an indian past can do not better than to dig into a juicy tenderloin https://twitter.com/HartoshSinghBal/status/1093007246282379269 …Hartosh Singh Bal@HartoshSinghBalThe National Security Act should be reserved for people like Kamal Nath. https://indianexpress.com/article/india/in-mp-this-time-under-cong-three-held-under-nsa-for-cow-slaughter-5571019/ …336Twitter Ads info and privacy350 people are talking about this

Let me start with how this notion became popular & then I will bust the related myth. There is no mention of beef eating in Vedas or any Sanatan scriptures. After the Islamic invasion in India,sultans tried to hurt and demean the Hindu sentiments through cow slaughter.

n Though Akbar & Humayun stopped the practice to keep off the wrath.
@iraghuvansh the great pundit of RJD said in an election rally on October 2015, “It’s written in Vedas that Rishi-Maharshi also used to eat beef… There is no point discussing it at present.”

n I’m not sure whether this political stooge of pseudo secularism does know the Sanskrit language or had he gone through the Vedas at least once. & media morons ran after him & clandestinely spread this 

misconception all around about ‘Cow slaughter’ & ‘Beef eating’ in Vedas. n Another self styled expert in Vedas & Hindu scriptures Dwijendra Narayan Jha (whom u mention) a prominent member of the Communist school, exhorts the gibberish about same beef eating and cow 

slaughter without understanding the Vedas, Hindu scriptures & Indian values. n Engineered by his love for beef and appeasement of few community, he has written a book titled as “The Myth of the Holy Cow” in which he tried only to customize the beef eating in the denying Hindu society. n His opinion was highlighted by ‘BBC Hindi section’ under a caption, भारत में गोहत्या कब, कैसे पाप बना (When and how cow slaughter counted as a sin in India). This article is full of untruth and just a propaganda for beef eating without giving any reference from scriptures. n He appeared in the media like ‘Daily O’ through another beef lover Ursila Ali under a caption Why Hindus stopped eating beef and began to worship cows. His articles are full of concoction of anti-Hindu politics and the propagation for cow killing. n Veda exponent Adi Shankara, Maharshi Dayananda Saraswati or Shri Aurobindo categorically declared cow as holy being and never included as any purpose of slaughter anyway anywhere in the scriptures like Vedas and authenticated Puranas. n There has been larger conspiracy behind demeaning the scripture. I’ll explain it in later thread but prior to that I’m explaining how Beef Eating isn’t part of Scriptures. Concentrate 👇🏼 n हि॒ङ्कृ॒ण्व॒ती व॑सु॒पत्नी॒ वसू॑नां व॒त्समि॒च्छन्ती॒ मन॑सा॒भ्यागा॑त् । दु॒हाम॒श्विभ्यां॒ पयो॑ अ॒घ्न्येयं सा व॑र्धतां मह॒ते सौभ॑गाय ॥ RV 1.164.27
Interpretation
जैसे पृथिवी महान् ऐश्वर्य को बढ़ाती है वैसे गौयें अत्यन्त सुख देती हैं, इससे ये गौयें कभी किसीको मारनी न चाहियें n यः पौरु॑षेयेण क्र॒विषा॑ सम॒ङ्क्ते यो अश्व्ये॑न प॒शुना॑ यातु॒धान॑: । यो अ॒घ्न्याया॒ भर॑ति क्षी॒रम॑ग्ने॒ तेषां॑ शी॒र्षाणि॒ हर॒सापि॑ वृश्च ॥ RV 10.87.16 n Interpretation:
तेजस्वी नायक को चाहिए कि जो राष्ट्र में पीड़ा पहुँचानेवाले प्राणी मनुष्य के मांस को खाकर अपने को पुष्ट करते हैं या अच्छे घोड़ों को नष्ट करते हैं, गौवों के दूध छीनते-सुखाते हैं-दूषित करते हैं उनके शिरों और उनके प्रमुख जनों को नष्ट करे ॥१६॥ n अनागोहत्या वै भीमा कृत्ये
मा नो गामश्वं पुरुषं वधीः | AV 10.1.29

Interpretation:
निर्दोषों को मारना निश्चित ही महा पाप है | हमारे गाय, घोड़े और पुरुषों को मत मार | n घृतं दुहानामदितिं जनायाग्ने मा हिंसी:
YV 13.49

सदा ही रक्षा के पात्र गाय और बैल को मत मार | n आरे गोहा नृहा वधो वो अस्तु
RV 7.56.17

Interpretation
गौ- हत्या को जघन्य अपराध घोषित करते हुए मनुष्य हत्या के तुल्य मानता है और ऐसा महापाप करने वाले के लिये दण्ड का विधान करता है | n ब्रीहिमत्तं यवमत्तमथो माषमथो तिलम्
एष वां भागो निहितो रत्नधेयाय दान्तौ मा हिंसिष्टं पितरं मातरं च

AV6.140.2
हे दांतों की दोनों पंक्तियों ! चावल खाओ, जौ खाओ, उड़द खाओ और तिल खाओ |
यह अनाज तुम्हारे लिए ही बनाये गए हैं | उन्हें मत मारो जो माता – पिता बनने की योग्यता रखते हैं | n RV 6.28 translates to following:
1. Everyone should ensure that cows are free from miseries and kept healthy.
2. God blesses those who take care of cows.
3. Even the enemies should not use any

 

 we

ap

on on cows

4. No one should slaughter the cow

n 5. Cow brings prosperity and strength
6. If cows keep healthy and happy, men and women shall also keep disease free and prosperous

7. May the cow eat green grass and pure water. May they not be killed and bring prosperity to us.

n Above tweets (11/n to 19/n) clearly explain Vedas didn’t promote beef eating but Cow Protection & Care. Yet should you have a myth that certain Richa or Mantras promote so, share it with me. I’ll interpret & translate it perfectly for you. Now let’s go thru more documentation to understand India’s stand about meat eating:

India is a strange country. People do not kill any living creatures, do not keep pigs and fowl, and do not sell live cattle.
—Faxian, 4th/5th century CE [Chinese pilgrim to India] n Hindus, like early Christians and Manichaeans, forbade the killing and eating of meat.

—Abū Rayḥān Al-Biruni, 1017–1030 CE [Persian visitor to India] n They would not kill an animal on any account, not even a fly, or a flea, or a louse, or anything, in fact, that has life; for they say these have all souls, and it would be sin to do so.

—Marco Polo, III.20, 13th century [Venetian traveler to India] n These quotes from visitors to India show that meat-eating of any kind was not common, what to speak of beef-eating, dating back thousands of years.

Bhagavad Gita, it is mentioned: n Farming, cow protection and business are the natural work for the vaisyas, and for the sudras there is labor and service to others. Bg 18.44 n The guiding principles of Vedic culture is to keep life simple, engage in improving oneself and respect others according to their qualities.

Now, let me give you socio cultural aspect that further suffice that yes India is and should be non-Beef eating land👇🏼 n First thing to be clear is that there is nothing sacrilegious about it, If you know Hinduness deep enough and well enough, you can see that there is no”Thou Shall not” in Sanatana Practice. n People in Ancient India always relied on improving Human Intelligence & Consciousness where they would naturally make good choices rather than simple belief systems, that’s the beauty of Hindu way of life and it should remain so. n Let’s look at more reasons👇🏼

REASON NO: 1 – BIG THREE

In Indian culture, we see Cow from mammals, Snake from reptiles and Crow from birds as very close to human beings in evolution in terms of emotional display, intelligence etc., n Snake:
Even now it is common that you don’t kill a snake in India, if you do, you have to perform rites & rituals as you would do for a Human.

Crow:
Almost every form of rituals done to ancestors ends with an offering to a Crow. n Cow:
India which is largely an agrarian culture in the past relied heavily in the Milk, Butter and other dairy products. All the homes gave individual names to the cows they reared and they are treated like a family member. n A cow has a strong emotional display and shall actually shed tears if someone in the home dies or terminally ill. these incidences can be easily seen in rural areas.That’s why Indians have a huge love for Cows in the same way many people love Dogs for it’s emotional display. n So Usage & Love for Cows is one of the prime reasons why Cows were not killed in India. Cow is a very versatile animal when alive, almost everything from it can be used beautifully including it’s dung & urine. n REASON NO: 2 – INDIAN FOOD CULTURE
The basic thumbrule of Indian food culture is that a Human being should consume food which is as far away from him as possible in evolutionary scale. i.e. it should start with Plant life, then sea food, then poultry,..contd n … then animals which are routed in the body, and so on. (More in terms of Darwin’s theory of evolution)

This is the reason why even now over 40% of Indian are Vegetarian. n Capability of a human being to digest the food will be much better if the food consumed is a simple life as opposed to a life which is higher up in evolutionary scale.There is another spiritual dimension to it which can be left out from this answer as it is not that relavant n REASON NO: 3 – BASIC HUMANITY

When we were born,we drink milk from our Biological mother.When we grow up,we mainly drink milk from the Cow.If we just drop all our belief systems, conditions etc & just look honestly, we can even say with gratitude that Cow is 2ndmother to us n
Is it really necessary to slaughter an animal which is versatile, useful, cries for you, nourishes you in every way to satisfy your hunger?, that’s the basic question for which Indians say ‘No, it’s not necessary’ and they are labelled as fundamentalists. Fantastic !!! n Indologists like Macdonald, Weber, Winternitz have pronounced the Vedas to be barbaric and concluded that ‘Hanyante Gaavaha’ meant that cows were slaughtered in marriage rituals. n Our Scholars on the basis of this info frm these Indologists pronounced us to be beefeaters. Macdonald has misconstrued the word HanyanteGaavahaa by saying that in a marriage ritual a cow is slaughtered on the day of the magha lunar asterism& everyone feasts on the cow meat n The Rigveda states the following in relation to the Sun God’s marriage.

Suryaayaa Vahatuha Praagaat Savitaa Yamavaasrujat
Aghaasu Hanyante Gaavorjunyoha Puryuhyate – Rigveda 10.85.13 n Meaning: Savita gifted the moon who was his daughter’s to be father-in-law with a cow on the auspicious day of Maghaasterism and performed the ritual of giving away of the bride (kanyadan) of Surya on the Falgun lunar asterism. n Clarification: The word Aghaasu is Maghaasu in the Atharvaveda . There is no difference of opinion about these words among our ancient translators. In a marriage Agha( Magha) and Arjuni (Falguni) asterisms are important.

All deities are present in Cow (Gomata) n Godaan is offering of a cow and Govikartaa means a cowherd !

This is the meaning that these westerners give. The word ‘go’ means ‘hair’.

Godaan: This word comes from the Rigveda and Smrutigranth. ‘Go’ means hair and ‘daan’ means to cut thus Godaan is cutting of hair. n In the Shrout and gruha traditions importance is given to tonsuring. Also the ritual of Chudaakarma means the cutting of hair. Godaan is actually the ritual of ‘Keshant’ as is clearly given by Smurtikar. Chudaakaran, godaan and jataakaran are all synonymous words. n Govikarta : Govikarta means a barber and not a cowherd.

Gopati means a bull!

Max Mueller has derived that ‘gopati’ means a bull though ‘go’ means rays and ‘pati’ means the master of the rays that is the Sun.

Ref for 41-46
Gurudev Dr. Kateswamiji (Sanatan Chintan , Year1 n @HartoshSinghBal ji there are lots of myths which linger to be busted but I call it an end here, though below I give you history of this distortion should you really want to bat for truth👇🏼 n In Independent India, conspiracy was hatched to justify the eating of beef and cow-slaughter in the name of Vedas. Articles &papers were written published, quoting Vedic richas. n It was all deliberate as they translated the word ghrit (clarified butter) into “fat implying tallow of cattle” and Mahisha (buffalo) into cow. They also invoked the richas regarding funeral fire and forest fire into their kitchens. n The story is an old one. It was the allegation of fat i.e. tallow of cows and pigs were being used in cartridges which were one of the reasons for the First War of Independence in 1857. n Now it alerted the British. They tried to lower down the image of the cow and its reverence and prove that they were as much foreigner as the Hindus are. So it was their plan to invent the evidence of beef eating in Vedic culture. n It has always been the game plan of the west to field mercenaries as scholars and elites and through them propagate their own view point. Even today we witness such award winners working as a tool to vested interests and multinationals (need not say the names 😉) n They ascribed this job to European and some Indian nationals to invent evidence in the Vedas favouring cow slaughter and beef-eating. n Rajendra Lal Mitra published “Beef in Ancient India” in the Asiatic Society of Bengal in 1872. Go-Raksha was in vogue. So to face it, a swami was recruited. He was Swami Prakashanand He appeared on the scene and published the same essay in a booklet form. n A Sanskrit to Sanskrit dictionary in six volumes was used for this purpose. Pt Taranath,a prof. of Vyakarana at Sanskrit college Calcutta was made to translate the word Goghn as killer of cow. n This was a deliberate attempt at distortion so as to prove that beef was eaten in Vedic age. H. H. Swami Prakashanand Saraswati in “The true History and Religion of India“ explains that goghn actually stands for the guest who receives cow as gift. n He quotes Panini n3.4.73. as authority to justify that it only means the receiver of the gift of cow and nothing else but Tarachand overrules even the authority of Panini and the British agree. Why? n The reality is that in 1866, the Bengal government had granted a commitment in advance to purchase 200 copies of his books @ 50/ per book to a total of 10,000/rupees (.vide letters no 507 dated 26 01-1866.) n Even the governor vide letter no 1480 dated 12. 12 1870 granted extension of time to them for completing Vachaspatyam, the proposed Sanskrit dictionary… The income was assured and they had to justify what the payers wanted. The game goes on but with a changed garb. n I call it an end here @HartoshSinghBal with 59 tweets in regards to your false claim that ancient Indians ate beef👆🏼You May try to justify Beef was eaten by ancient India. And this is thread that demolishes claim that Harappans weren’t Vedic.Aabhas Maldahiyar @Aabhas24

@virsanghvi ji Sadar Pranam. Read this article by you in @htTweets with enthusiasm as it was subject of my interest but I’m sorry it’s full of flaws abt IVC. My rebuttal(pl wait till it’s n/n)👇🏼 Pl respond in ur full capacity cc @Shubhrastha @Sanjay_Dixit https://sc.mp/2Ndao8q Why a 4,500-year-old skull is key to the politics of India’s Hindu-Muslim divideArchaeological and historical theories surrounding an ancient civilisation in the Indus valley have been hijacked by political agendas.scmp.com327 · Bengaluru South, IndiaTwitter Ads info and privacy325 people are talking about thisN/n In the thread👆🏼(60tweets) I bust the myth that ancient Indians ate beef & Harappans were not Vedic (quoted thread in 60/n). @HartoshSinghBal shud apologise for propagating fake information in case he fails to justify. Cc @MahimaShastri@mini_707070@KarunaGopal1@GitaSKapoor

Ji, Sadar Pranam! I still await your response to my thread (check above & quoted),where I demolished your claim that “Vedas prescribe cow eating”. Kindly delete your ill informed tweet asap if you don’t have capacity to respond.Aabhas Maldahiyar @Aabhas24

Sadar Pranam to the God within you @HartoshSinghBal ji. You are absolutely wrong. It’s a false claim that ancient Indians ate beef & Harappans weren’t Vedic. Read thread 👇🏼& you may respond in your full capacity. Cc @Sanjay_Dixit @sankrant @ShefVaidya @RituRathaur @TajinderBagga https://twitter.com/HartoshSinghBal/status/1093007552806350848 …Hartosh Singh Bal@HartoshSinghBalthe harappans ate beef, the vedic people ate beef. any one laying claims to an indian past can do not better than to dig into a juicy tenderloin https://twitter.com/HartoshSinghBal/status/1093007246282379269 …1,248Twitter Ads info and privacy1,001 people are talking about this

Why Akbar was not desirable

A thread by Aabhas Maldahiyar 🇮🇳

#SadarPranam @Javedakhtarjadu ji. I don’t think my MP @Tejasvi_Surya needs to worry about Huns or Vikings but surely by likes of Akbar. I explain how, in this thread.

U may respond should you have enough substance.Javed Akhtar@JavedakhtarjaduReplying to @vivekagnihotri

Don’t you know that Akbar and many of us are from the same school and the same class . Our relations got spoiled only when his great grand son became like today’s Right wingers Any way , I have promised to your frighten MP that we will save him from Attila the Hun n the Vikings60Twitter Ads info and privacy342 people are talking about thisn So Why Akbar isn’t desired?

Reason 1:Extortionist Economic Policies. Elaboration below👇🏼

“Akbar’s taxes were highest”.

Ref 1:Muslim Civilization in India
by S. M. Ikram
edited by
Ainslie T. Embree, Chapter XVL

I’m quoting more details in trailing tweet.

n Irfan Habib mentions about forced productions by various including Asaf Khan for their own financial benefits.

He even talks about extortion & gives example of Shaista Khan & Prince Azimushshan.
Check snippet Ref: Pg 183, The Cambridge Economic History of India”

  n Habib further gives account of money hoarding at large scale by Mughal Emperors including Akbar in the same book.

He quotes De Laet who mentions Akbar’s treasure to be ~522.4 million florins & Sarista Khan to have hoarded ₹380 million.


Ref: pg 183

n So @Javedakhtarjadu Akbar was booming our economy by hoarding & extortion? 🤔

This is further substantiated by fact that India’s per capita GDP went in negative under Akbar the Great. Which means he kept becoming richer though making Indians poor.

Check the snippets (1,2)

n And GDP Of Mughal Empire increased thoroughly.

Source for 5/n & 6/n
“A Contours of the World Economy I-2030AD, Oxford University Press by A Maddison.”

n Reason 2, for which @Tejasvi_Surya & us must worry likes of Akbar was his tyranny & bigotry. I explain below👇🏼

In early years of his reign,Akbar suppressed Muslim sects that were condemned by the orthodoxy as heretical.

I’m sure that you are aware of the incidence of 1567.

n On the advice of Shaikh Abdu’n Nabi, he ordered the exhumation of Mir Murtaza Sharifi Shirazi: a Shia buried in Delhi for the grave’s proximity to that of Amir Khusrau.

His argument was as below👇🏼

n “A “heretic” could not be buried so close to the grave of a Sunni saint, reflecting a restrictive attitude towards the Shia, which continued to persist until the early 1570s.

Such was Akbar’s hostility towards Shi’as. n Akbar even suppressed Mahdavism in 1573 during his campaign in Gujarat. Mahdavi leader Bandagi Miyan Sheik Mustafa was arrested and brought in chains to the court for debate and released after eighteen months.

Source for 6/n-9/n:’Akbar and His India’ by Irfan Habib

n In 1578, the Mughal Emperor Akbar famously referred to himself as:
“Emperor of Islam, Emir of the Faithful, Shadow of God on earth, Abul Fath Jalal-ud-din Muhammad Akbar Badshah Ghazi , is a most just, most wise, and a most God-fearing ruler.”

n Source for 10/n : Akbar, Emperor of India by Richard Von Garbe

@Javedakhtarjadu I’m sure you know what Ghazi means.

Now from 12/n onwards I’ll cite part-2 of Reason-2, ie Akbar’s tyranny & bigotry.

Till then you may arrange answers upto 10/n. n @Javedakhtarjadu now let’s talk abt persecution of Hindus by Akbar.

1)Massacre of Hindus of Garha in 1560 AD(Ref: The SAGE Encyclopedia of War: Social Science Perspectives
edited by Paul Joseph)

Abul Fazl states: 48,000 Hindus were persecuted at the orders of Akbar.

 

n One may argue that soldiers always get killed in war, hence 8000 Rajput Warriors. 

But @Javedakhtarjadu why Akbar killed 40,000 peasants?

Just because they were Kafirs. Akbar was a Jihadi. Read more. 👇🏼 n 2)Massacre of Gondwana

In 1564, Akbar conquered the Gondwana kingdom. The territory was ruled over by Raja Vir Narayan, a minor, and his mother, Durgavati, a Rajput warrior queen of the Gonds. nDurgavati committed suicide after her defeat at the Battle of Damoh,while Raja Vir was slain at the Fall of Chauragarh,the mountain fortress of the Gonds.The Mughals seized immense wealth & 1000 elephants.Kamala Devi,a younger sister of Durgavati,was sent to the Mughal harem.

@Javedakhtarjadu you know your Akbar-The Great has tough time defeating Veerangana Devi Durgavati.

If Akbar was man of morality why did he send Kamlavati to Harem?

Source: Medieval India: From Sultanat to the Mughals Part – II
By Satish Chandra(PS: ur own left Historian) n @Javedakhtarjadu ji, now let’s talk about
3)Persecutions at Nagarkot

Nizamuddin Ahmad recorded the violence during the conquest of Nagarkot (modern Himachal Pradesh), as follows (snippet & following tweets)👇🏼

n The fortress of Bhun,which is an idol temple of Mahámáí,was taken by Muslim assailants. A party of Rajputs, who had resolved to die, fought till they were all cut down.

A nos of Brahmins,who for many years had served the temple,never gave 1 thought to flight, & were killed. n Nearly 200 black cows belonging to the Hindus, during the struggle, had crowded together for shelter in the temple.

Alas, @Javedakhtarjadu Some savage Turks, while the arrows and bullets were falling like rain, killed these cows one by one. 😓 n They then took off their boots and filled them with the blood, and cast it upon the roof and walls of the temple.

Shame on the Akbar’s Army. @Javedakhtarjadu don’t u feel like spitting on Akbar? Reference for 17/n to 20/n:

Elliot, Henry Miers; Dowson, John (1873). The History of India, as Told by Its Own Historians: The Muhammadan Period. Vol. V. London: Trübner and Co. n @Javedakhtarjadu how can we forget the third siege of Chittor? Many temples were destroyed. The shrine of Moinuddin Chishti in Ajmer was presented brass candlesticks by Akbar which were taken after the destruction of Kalika temple during this siege.

Bigot! Wasn’t he? n September 1567, Akbar left for Chittor, and on 20 October 1567, camped in the vast plains outside the fort. In the meantime, Rana Udai Singh, on the advice of his council of advisors, decided to go away from Chittor to the hills of Gogunda with his family. n Jaimal and Patta were left behind to defend the fort along with 8,000 Rajput warriors and 1,000 musketeers under their command. Akbar laid siege to the fortress, which lasted for 4 months. n On 22 February 1568, Jauhar was committed in the houses of Patta, Aissar Das & Sahib Khan. Next day the gates of the fort were opened and Rajput soldiers rushed out to fight the enemies. In the ensuing battle, 8,000 Rajputs were killed alongside 30000 peasants.

n According to James Tod, 

Akbar

 

had the Janeu of slain collected & weighed for estimate of killed. It weighed around 200kg.

@Javedakhtarjadu can u imagine mercilessness of Akbar?

The slaughter wasn’t just vengeance.

Shame on Akbar.

n Reference for 22/n to 26/n: Emperors of the Peacock Throne: The Saga of the Great Mughals
By Abraham Eraly n @Javedakhtarjadu ji, Jesuit Father Monserrate, Aquaviva and Enrique arrived at Akbar’s court in early 1580 and Monserrate recording his journey in a travelogue comments that religious zeal of Mussalmans has destroyed many Hindu temples.

Source: Snippet.

n and to add 28/n.. in place of temples countless tombs and shrines of mussalmans have been erected in which these men are worshipped as if they were saints.

👆🏼 In the reign of great Akbar. n Akbar had rewarded Abd al-Qadir Badauni with gold coins who soak his Islamic beard in Hindu infidel blood.

The gesture of Badauni had delighted “Akbar the great Secularist”
Source: The Legacy of Jihad:Islamic Holy War & the Fate of Non-Muslims edited by Andrew G. Bostom

Antanio Maino

A thread by Aabhas Maldahiyar 🇮🇳

#SadarPranam to Ishvara within everyone in & supporting @INCIndia including you.

I did not want to, but I think we should again remember who #AntoniaMaino is.

I share information about the Criminal Family in this thread.Sanjay Jha@JhaSanjay

I just saw Arnab Goswami’s clip on Mrs Sonia Gandhi, Congress President.

Bro, you are a rat. A coward. And you are a frigging moron. How do you look your child in the eye, sicko?15.2K · Mumbai, IndiaTwitter Ads info and privacy7,073 people are talking about thisn It was always claimed in Election’s affidavit (2004) that #SoniaGandhi attended @Cambridge_Uni (snippet-1) which was later changed to Lennox Cook School, Cambridge.

n In 1972, #AntoniaMainoSonia took a job of an insurance agent of Oriental Fire Insurance, a public sector firm & showed her business address as the official residence of the then Prime Minister and her mother-in-law, Mrs Indira Gandhi despite being a foreigner.

CRIMINAL ACT. n As per the records she gave up her Italian Citizenship only in 1983.

Also note, her name indeed is #AntanioMaino , so I don’t know what was baffling people so much about it.

Thanks to @Swamy39 for getting records straight.

n Not to miss #AntoniaMaino ‘s father had fought in WWII alongside Hitler’s Wehrmacht on the eastern front. He was a loyal supporter of Mussolini & National Fascist Party.

One may like to read this interview with Stefano Maino. (outlookindia.com/magazine/story…) n Her name was already in the electoral roll of 1980 though she held Italian Passport till 1983.

Check this photocopy.

I’m revealing more facts from the next tweet 7/n.

n As you can clearly understand @JhaSanjay her illegal registration as a voter in January 1980, was a gross violation of the law, enough to cause cancellation of her visa. But the Delhi Chief Electoral Officer got her name deleted only in 1982. n There is a very important point to be noticed. Your leader @JhaSanjay is very fluent in “Russian” apart from “Italian” although she did undergo formal training for “English”. Not to miss, #AntoniaMaino along with her sisters Anushka and Nadia was given Russian name: Sonia. n I’ll talk about the Russian link later. It is even more interesting.

@JhaSanjay now I’m going to use the charge sheet prepared by #CBI for the issue of “antique thefts”.

At times I feel how do you guys face people for being led by such a fraudulent person #AntoniaMaino .

n In 1978, the commission of Inquiry headed by the SC Judge Mr.A.C.Gupta #AntoniaMainoSonia was found indulged in Criminal offense while buying shares of MTSPL & MHVPL.

Read the excerpts from the charge sheet.

n Coming back to 6/n. Her offense was punishable under Section 31 of the Representation of Peoples Act 1950, of a maximum sentence of one year & fine. #AntoniaMaino can’t even say that she was not willfully committing this grievous offense.Aabhas Maldahiyar @Aabhas24 · Replying to @Aabhas24

5/n Not to miss #AntoniaMaino ‘s father had fought in WWII alongside Hitler’s Wehrmacht on the eastern front. He was a loyal supporter of Mussolini & National Fascist Party.

One may like to read this interview with Stefano Maino.https://www.outlookindia.com/magazine/story/meeting-mr-maino/205112 …Meeting Mr Maino | Outlook India Magazineoutlookindia.comAabhas Maldahiyar @Aabhas24

6/n Her name was already in the electoral roll of 1980 though she held Italian Passport till 1983.

Check this photocopy.

I’m revealing more facts from the next tweet 7/n.

View image on Twitter

2,428Twitter Ads info and privacy1,250 people are talking about thisn It is because to become a voter, one acknowledges Form 6 prepared under the Electors Rules 1960 in which affirmation of citizenship of India is essential. Hence she also committed offences under the Indian Penal Code, Sections 192 & 199, (3-year punishment).

#AntonioMaino , her sister and mother are candidates for inclusion in the Bofors bribery case FIR under Section 319 of the Cr.P.C., to be thus investigated and prosecuted.

Read the snippet of the charge sheet.

n The charge sheet further talks of one letter in the archives documents the regular payment of commission to #AntoniaMaino and the Maino family in Italy, arranged by the KGB.

n One letter [published in a Russian news daily Izvestia on June 27, 1992, in an article by Ms.Yevgenia Albats of Moscow News] was written by the then KGB chief, Viktor Chebrikov to the Central Committee of the CPSU.

Snippet1(Charge-Sheet excerpt)

Snippet 2 (TOI, 27-6-92)

n Correction to 15/n (the newspaper snippet is of @the_hindu, not ToI).

Why was #AntoniaMaino on the payroll of Soviet? Why was she fluent in Russian? I’m not saying she is(was) an agent of the USSR but was she? more from 17/n to be posted tomorrow.Aabhas Maldahiyar @Aabhas24 · Replying to @Aabhas24

14/n The charge sheet further talks of one letter in the archives documents the regular payment of commission to #AntoniaMaino and the Maino family in Italy, arranged by the KGB.

View image on Twitter
View image on Twitter

Aabhas Maldahiyar @Aabhas24

15/n One letter [published in a Russian news daily Izvestia on June 27, 1992, in an article by Ms.Yevgenia Albats of Moscow News] was written by the then KGB chief, Viktor Chebrikov to the Central Committee of the CPSU.

Snippet1(Charge-Sheet excerpt)

Snippet 2 (TOI, 27-6-92)

View image on Twitter
View image on Twitter

1,477Twitter Ads info and privacy772 people are talking about thisn So @JhaSanjay let us continue exposing the “Criminal Jewels” of the “Family”. Yesterday I had left it with News Report mentioning KGB Personal’s letter about funds being given to #AntoniaMaino . Let’s move ahead.Aabhas Maldahiyar @Aabhas24 · Replying to @Aabhas24

15/n One letter [published in a Russian news daily Izvestia on June 27, 1992, in an article by Ms.Yevgenia Albats of Moscow News] was written by the then KGB chief, Viktor Chebrikov to the Central Committee of the CPSU.

Snippet1(Charge-Sheet excerpt)

Snippet 2 (TOI, 27-6-92)

View image on Twitter
View image on Twitter

Aabhas Maldahiyar @Aabhas24

16/n Correction to 15/n (the newspaper snippet is of @the_hindu, not ToI).

Why was #AntoniaMaino on the payroll of Soviet? Why was she fluent in Russian? I’m not saying she is(was) an agent of the USSR but was she? more from 17/n to be posted tomorrow. https://twitter.com/Aabhas24/status/1253439463381819393?s=20 …Aabhas Maldahiyar @Aabhas24Replying to @Aabhas2415/n One letter [published in a Russian news daily Izvestia on June 27, 1992, in an article by Ms.Yevgenia Albats of Moscow News] was written by the then KGB chief, Viktor Chebrikov to the Central Committee of the CPSU.

Snippet1(Charge-Sheet excerpt)

Snippet 2 (TOI, 27-6-92)
1,481Twitter Ads info and privacy806 people are talking about thisn The letter written on 13/12/85 also mentions about the use of 320,000 Rubles to consolidate the meetings during Rajiv Gandhi and Sonia Gandhi’s visit.
The letter mentions continual contact with the son of R Gandhi. @RahulGandhi certainly, u, is it not? U were 15 then, right?

n 3/71992 Ms.Tatiana Samolis, the spokesperson of the FIS, in a press briefing in Moscow [The Hindu 4/7/92, snippet]confirmed that such a connection between the KGB & Rajiv’s family had existed“in view of the ideological confrontation that prevailed in the world at that time”

n 1989 elections,the Mainos spent Rs.10 crores on select candidates of the @INCIndia to create cheerleaders for #AntoniaMaino . Hence, her mother, sister & she are thus guilty of offenses under IPC Sections 120B (+171C & 171H)as well as FERA & FCRA.

Snippet from Charge-sheet

n Now for following tweets I’ll quote from the @CIA document as seen in the image.

n On page-3 of the report, it is clearly mentioned that USSR used to direct most of the funds to Congress-I, and then to the Communists.

The USSR had controlled 35 years of first 35 Independent years of India.

n Initially I had spoken about “Antique Theft” by Maino in beginning.

Here is the visiting card of store “Ganpati” at Viale Regina Margherita, Orbassano & Image of the store owned by #AntoniaMaino ‘s sister.

n From the charge-sheet: In 1993 CBI had registered cases on such illegal exports from a Chennai Suburb to an identified person in Italy. Alitalia and Air India flights were used to send unchecked crates after crates misusing the SPG cover first to Italy .

n And then after creating ownership on paper, getting the contraband auctioned by Sotheebys and Christies, the
London auctioneers. The book “Sothebys-An Inside Story” gives some clues about such a racket. n Even @HRDMinistry owns enough materials in Notes on the file of Directors Generals of Archeological Survey of India to suggest precious ancient paintings were removed and declared “stolen” or missing but ended up in a house in Golf Links, New Delhi. n Even the “Festival of India” was used as a ploy to smuggle out such treasures. In arranging these delicate operations the Mainos took the help of Gov hands,
art expert Martand Singh, a Pakistani couple Muneer, and Farida Attaullah. n She even took the help of Pakistani fixer Salman Thassir a prince of Kuwait and even the LTTE. Thus, #AntoniaMaino and her Italian relatives are culpable for various offences under the Antiquities and Art Treasures Act as well as under Sections 295, 378 and 410 of
the IPC. n Now this is interesting @JhaSanjay . “Schweizer Illustrierte” published a story on 11/11/91 which disclosed that 14 rulers or ex-rulers of the third world countries have a deposit equivalent to Rs. 5 lakh 50 thousand crores in Swiss banks.

Check the snippet.

@JhaSanjay remember, it also had the name of Rajiv Gandhi.

The amount said to be deposited by Rajiv Gandhi in various Swiss Banks was 2 billion US dollars.

@JhaSanjay you know @Swamy39 did get the clarification of “Rajiv Gandhi’s name” & amount mentioned in the magazine.

Here is the snippet of the letter.

#AntoniaMaino suddenly decided to accompany Natwar Singh for the first bilateral trip to Russia. She traveled to the city of Vladimir and Suzdal, where her father Stefan Maino was POW. Now read this excerpt from @wikileaks & relate the quoted tweet.Aabhas Maldahiyar @Aabhas24 · Replying to @Aabhas24

15/n One letter [published in a Russian news daily Izvestia on June 27, 1992, in an article by Ms.Yevgenia Albats of Moscow News] was written by the then KGB chief, Viktor Chebrikov to the Central Committee of the CPSU.

Snippet1(Charge-Sheet excerpt)

Snippet 2 (TOI, 27-6-92)

View image on Twitter
View image on Twitter

Aabhas Maldahiyar @Aabhas24

16/n Correction to 15/n (the newspaper snippet is of @the_hindu, not ToI).

Why was #AntoniaMaino on the payroll of Soviet? Why was she fluent in Russian? I’m not saying she is(was) an agent of the USSR but was she? more from 17/n to be posted tomorrow. https://twitter.com/Aabhas24/status/1253439463381819393?s=20 …Aabhas Maldahiyar @Aabhas24Replying to @Aabhas2415/n One letter [published in a Russian news daily Izvestia on June 27, 1992, in an article by Ms.Yevgenia Albats of Moscow News] was written by the then KGB chief, Viktor Chebrikov to the Central Committee of the CPSU.

Snippet1(Charge-Sheet excerpt)

Snippet 2 (TOI, 27-6-92)
1,481Twitter Ads info and privacy806 people are talking about this

@JhaSanjay I’m sure that you would be aware of the fact that LTTE was responsible for the assassination of Rajiv Gandhi.

What did you Madame #AntoniaMaino do?

Sonia Gandhi’s plea for commuting the death
penalty for her husband’s killers? (archive.indianexpress.com/news/death-row…) n In providing 1 acre of land near the IGI Airport, for housing the Periyar Centre for the pro-LTTE & secessionist
DMK which had been indicted in R Gandhi’s assassination. Source: Jain
Commission(Part III, Vol.IV, Chapter VII, Pages 161-73) n There 7 key members were sentenced along with 19 others of the LTTE by the Supreme Court, for participating in the assassination conspiracy.

@JhaSanjay you may like to read this cover story by @PrabhuChawla . Check images for quick access. (media1.intoday.in/indiatoday/ima…)

@JhaSanjay this is a shame that your party President supported the Assasin Party of @INCIndia Party Member and PM Rajiv Gandhi.

Not to forget Mr Jain had warned of a very large international conspiracy. @HMOIndia you must act upon it.Aabhas Maldahiyar @Aabhas24 · Replying to @Aabhas24

34/n In providing 1 acre of land near the IGI Airport, for housing the Periyar Centre for the pro-LTTE & secessionist
DMK which had been indicted in R Gandhi’s assassination. Source: Jain
Commission(Part III, Vol.IV, Chapter VII, Pages 161-73)Aabhas Maldahiyar @Aabhas24

35/n There 7 key members were sentenced along with 19 others of the LTTE by the Supreme Court, for participating in the assassination conspiracy.@JhaSanjay you may like to read this cover story by @PrabhuChawla . Check images for quick access. http://media1.intoday.in/indiatoday/images/JainCommissionReport.pdf …

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Hindu-ism vs Hindu-tva

A thread by Aabhas Maldahiyar 🇮🇳

#SadarPranam @ShashiTharoor ji. Saw this fake table shared by @anubhavsinha & you.I chose to respond to you than former for I don’t like talking to bullies.

I have discussed myths abt “Hindutva & Hinduism” in my book #ModiAgain :An Ex-Communist’s Manifesto” too. (Pg 96-99)Shashi Tharoor@ShashiTharoor

An interesting, though incomplete, comparative table doing the rounds. #HinduismVsHindutva

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n I start of with 1st point & trust me what it says is exactly opposite of truth. I’m surprised a language expert like you falls on this trap.

I’ll explain #Hinduism & #Hindutva one by one. But before that let’s understand the root word “Hindu” as starter. Read on👇🏼

n Hindu is derived from the Sanskrit word Sindhu, which means “a large body of water”, covering “river, ocean”.It was used as the name of the Indus river and also referred to its tributaries. n The actual term ‘hindu’ first occurs as “a Persian geographical term for the people who lived beyond the river Indus (Sanskrit: Sindhu)”,more specifically in the 6th-century BCE inscription of Darius I.

Ref: Introduction to Hinduism by Gavin Flood,P 6.

n The 6th-century BCE inscription of Darius I mentions the province of Hi[n]dush, referring to northwestern India. The people of India were referred to as Hinduvān (Hindus) and hindavī was used as the adjective for Indian in the 8th century text Chachnama.

n Ref: On Hindu, Hindustān, Hinduism and Hindutva by Arvind Sharma & Numen
Vol. 49, No. 1 (2002), pp. 2-5

The term ‘Hindu’ in these ancient records is an ethno-geographical term & didn’t refer to a religion. There many such references.

Hence, HINDU~INDIAN (check snippets).

n Now let’s know suffix -ism a bit. Why was it used or when it became popular?

The first recorded usage of the suffix ism as a separate word in its own right was in 1680. By the 19th century it was being used by Thomas Carlyle to signify a pre-packaged ideology. n In the USA of the mid 19th century, the phrase “the isms” was used as a collective derogatory term to lump together the radical social reform movements of the day (such as slavery abolitionism, feminism, alcohol prohibitionism, Fourierism, pacifism, early socialism, etc). n It was also added for various spiritual or religious movements considered non-mainstream by the standards of the time (such as Transcendentalism, spiritualism or “spirit rapping”, Mormonism, the Oneida movement often accused of “free love”, etc.) n @ShashiTharoor sir u must be aware that all the -isms were about unilateral philosophy or idea. But isn’t Hindu practice all about plurality?

And as I explained you from 7/n-9/n, do you believe that “Hindu” idea is non-mainstream or just a radical social reform? n Let me make it even simpler. Take example of 3 very common -isms. I have attached respective images as well.
1)Surrealism
2)Expressionism
3)Cubism

Can you notice, that they come with so distinct appearance. it’s because of the unique philosophy embedded.

n And that’s where the problem comes when you add “-ism” to “Hindu”. You can’t limit it to singular idea hence in reality “Hinduism” is an oxymoron. Like we can’t ever say “Architecturism” though “Deconstructivism” is a type of architecture. n Likewise you can have “Shaivism”, “Vaishnavism” but not “Hinduism”. But we accepted this oxymoron with time as it became popular. Brits never understood the pluralistic Hindu idea & ended up adding -ism as they thought it on par of “rigid” Abrahmic ideas. n @ShashiTharoor sir did you ever wonder why “Islam” isn’t “Islamism” or “Christianity” not “Christianism”? But why do we have “Judaism” or “Hinduism”? You know, -ism was always added to practice which seemed inferior or not-mainstream. n If one understands -ism & believes in plurality of “Hindus” then Hinduism can never be “Hindu Dharma” rather Sanātana dharma. Hope you get it @ShashiTharoor sir. Now let me even elaborate a bit on Sanātana dharma. n For that we first need to understand what is Sanātana dharma. It means eternal order. Like “flow of water”. It’s nature of water to flow & every such order is Sanātana.

We mustn’t confuse “dharma” with”religion.” n Religion is institutions while Dharma is the way to strive to be right. Dharma tells to reject institution which shows wrong path.

Dharma signifies behaviours that are considered to be in accord with Ṛta, the order that makes life and universe possible. n It includes duties, rights,laws, conduct, virtues and “right way of living”. Eg, ‘Rajadharma’
means King’s Duty not Religion.

For Bhartiya understanding, Shaivism, Vaishnavism, Buddhism, Islam, Christianity are various Panth which means denominations.

Most fail to get it. n @ShashiTharoor sir,let me summarise what I have said so far in response to ur first point (snippet)
1)”Hindu”is anethno-geographic connotation & not religious at all.
2)Hinduism is an oxymoron though we use it for popularity.Often addition of-ism degrades the great “values”.

n You have been critical of #Hindutva a big time. Let me throw some light on it.

Hindutva is formed by adding -tva suffix (Pratyay) to Hindu. Now, what do you understand by -tva? In plain language adding -tva (ness) to a noun means :in state of being that noun. Eg. Naritva.

n The attached image will give better clarity of what -tva means.

So @ShashiTharoor sir, can you please explain how the ‘state of being “Hindu(Indian)”be wrong at all.

Who are we to interpret “Hindu”per comfort if Darius-I,the first one to use word had defined it other way.

n Is it so that someday in quest to interpret per comfort you will “assign any meaning to any word”? Then what’s the rationale of “conventions” & “dictionary” if words are to be interpreted per choice? That’s not fair sir. n That was the period when Islam was spreading on the power of “sword” & “qital fi sabilillah” was common. The Parsis had to take refuge in Hindu Rashtra “Bharata”. They were persecuted the worst as Islam was set to conquer Persia.

That’s “Hindutva” ie “state of being Hindu”

n References for 23/n
1) …
2 &3) Studies in Parsi history
byHodivala, Shahpurshah Hormasji, p 1-11 …
4) Historia Religionum, Volume 2 Religions of the Present
By G. Widengren P212 (iranicaonline.org/articles/parsi…) (archive.org/details/studie…) n @ShashiTharoor sir you might have read this book which I’m quoting.
The persecution was falling like brick bats on the Parsis.

“Zoroastrians: Their Religious Beliefs and Practices
By Mary Boyce P 147-50”

You may read this book in more detail should you wish to understand.

n Shuprabhat @ShashiTharoor sir. Yesterday I had stopped till point 1. Today I’m going to further call out remaining points of table shared by you. Please read on. I begin with lie no 2.,Aabhas Maldahiyar @Aabhas24

1/n #SadarPranam @ShashiTharoor ji. Saw this fake table shared by @anubhavsinha & you.I chose to respond to you than former for I don’t like talking to bullies.

I have discussed myths abt “Hindutva & Hinduism” in my book #ModiAgain :An Ex-Communist’s Manifesto” too. (Pg 96-99) https://twitter.com/ShashiTharoor/status/1214754453028364289 …

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Shashi Tharoor@ShashiTharoorAn interesting, though incomplete, comparative table doing the rounds. #HinduismVsHindutva3,351Twitter Ads info and privacy2,126 people are talking about this

@ShashiTharoor sir,none can trace how old is Sanātana dharma. Can someone trace from when water got the trait to flow. So how can one make a claim that Hinduism( Sanātana dharma) is thousands years old? 🤔I explained Sanātana dharma in 16/n & 17/nAabhas Maldahiyar @Aabhas24 · Replying to @Aabhas24

15/n If one understands -ism & believes in plurality of “Hindus” then Hinduism can never be “Hindu Dharma” rather Sanātana dharma. Hope you get it @ShashiTharoor sir. Now let me even elaborate a bit on Sanātana dharma.Aabhas Maldahiyar @Aabhas24

16/n For that we first need to understand what is Sanātana dharma. It means eternal order. Like “flow of water”. It’s nature of water to flow & every such order is Sanātana.

We mustn’t confuse “dharma” with”religion.”520Twitter Ads info and privacy210 people are talking about thisn As far term Hinduism is concerned,”-ism” was first time added to “Hindu” around 1830.
(Snippet1)
As per historical record “Hindutva” was coined in 1892 by Chandranath Basu.
(Snippet-2)

n Source for snippets above:

1)Introduction to Hinduism by Gavin Flood,P 6.

2) The Origins of Religious Violence: An Asian Perspective
By Nicholas F. Gier

So @ShashiTharoor point 2 also demolished.

@ShashiTharoor here is my rebuttal for third point of the table.

How absurd to say “Hinduism does not have one but many central texts.” Centre is always one, you don’t have multiple centres. 🤦🏻‍♂️

& you know,how contradictory you are with this comparison?

n I’ve already explained that “Hindutva” is nothing but state of being Hindu. So how can one not follow Hinduism (I use it for popularity) if he is “in state of being Hindu?”

It’s like saying water is not in “state of being water” though it’s flowing.

How many oxymorons? 🤔 n 31 years before Savarkar‘S “Hindutva: Who is Hindu”, “Chandranath Basu” published “Hindutva: An Authentic History of Hindus” in 1892 (snippet-2)

Source: 2) The Origins of Religious Violence: An Asian Perspective
By Nicholas F. Gier

@ShashiTharoor ,how many those who have shared this meme showed courage to stand up for Hindu texts?How many howled PM for gifting “Geeta”? How many stood up against notion that tried to remove “asto ma…” from KV? It was Hindutva which u blame,stoodAabhas Maldahiyar @Aabhas24

Sadar Pranam to Justice Nariman & Saran .I’m afraid that your encouragement towards erasing Sanskrit Prayer frm #KendriyaVidyalaya by calling it communal is step towards erasing INDIA. 👇🏼 I xpln how cc @RanjanGogoiCJI @Sanjay_Dixit @Shubhrastha @RituRathaur @ShefVaidya @sankrant960 · Bengaluru South, IndiaTwitter Ads info and privacy998 people are talking about this

@ShashiTharoor both “Hinduism” & “Hindutva”seems to have been first used in 19th Century (read quoted tweet). Though term Hinduism surely doesn’t hold chance to predate but Hindutva at least has chances being a Sanskrit word.Aabhas Maldahiyar @Aabhas24 · Replying to @Aabhas24

27/n @ShashiTharoor sir,none can trace how old is Sanātana dharma. Can someone trace from when water got the trait to flow. So how can one make a claim that Hinduism( Sanātana dharma) is thousands years old? 🤔I explained Sanātana dharma in 16/n & 17/n https://twitter.com/aabhas24/status/1214996985029120000?s=21 …Aabhas Maldahiyar @Aabhas24Replying to @Aabhas2416/n For that we first need to understand what is Sanātana dharma. It means eternal order. Like “flow of water”. It’s nature of water to flow & every such order is Sanātana.

We mustn’t confuse “dharma” with”religion.”
Aabhas Maldahiyar @Aabhas24

28/n As far term Hinduism is concerned,”-ism” was first time added to “Hindu” around 1830.
(Snippet1)
As per historical record “Hindutva” was coined in 1892 by Chandranath Basu.
(Snippet-2)

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279Twitter Ads info and privacy119 people are talking about thisAabhas Maldahiyar @Aabhas24 · Replying to @Aabhas24

27/n @ShashiTharoor sir,none can trace how old is Sanātana dharma. Can someone trace from when water got the trait to flow. So how can one make a claim that Hinduism( Sanātana dharma) is thousands years old? 🤔I explained Sanātana dharma in 16/n & 17/n https://twitter.com/aabhas24/status/1214996985029120000?s=21 …Aabhas Maldahiyar @Aabhas24Replying to @Aabhas2416/n For that we first need to understand what is Sanātana dharma. It means eternal order. Like “flow of water”. It’s nature of water to flow & every such order is Sanātana.

We mustn’t confuse “dharma” with”religion.”
Aabhas Maldahiyar @Aabhas24

28/n As far term Hinduism is concerned,”-ism” was first time added to “Hindu” around 1830.
(Snippet1)
As per historical record “Hindutva” was coined in 1892 by Chandranath Basu.
(Snippet-2)

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279Twitter Ads info and privacy119 people are talking about this@harikondabolu even Osama Bin Laden worshipped Allah,so by your logic he should be a good Muslim too.

That apart you mustn’t forget “Hindutva is state of being Hindu”. It’s fluidic. In part too we saved our Dharma through it and also gave refuge.Hari Kondabolu@harikondabolu

I’m a Hindu. I wear a saffron prayer string with Hanuman around my wrist. I pray every morning. I refuse to let Hinduism be defined by a Hindutva movement that is trying to redefine India as a Hindu nation & that is contributing to the persecution of Muslims.17.6KTwitter Ads info and privacy3,812 people are talking about thisHari Kondabolu@harikondabolu

I’m a Hindu. I wear a saffron prayer string with Hanuman around my wrist. I pray every morning. I refuse to let Hinduism be defined by a Hindutva movement that is trying to redefine India as a Hindu nation & that is contributing to the persecution of Muslims.17.6KTwitter Ads info and privacy3,812 people are talking about this@harikondabolu as replied in quoted tweet I’ve tried to explain you how important “Hindutva ie State of being Hindu is”. It not only protects but in past too has taken up aggression to defend. You should read this thread from 1/n

Sarvarkar

A thread by Aabhas Maldahiyar 🇮🇳

#SadarPranam to Ishwara within you @waglenikhil ji. I’m sorry to say but you are spreading fake information about #Savarkar ‘s “Six Golden Pages” & also exposing ur flawed vocabulary skills. Read this string & respond(bt not b4 n/n)or else apologise for fakery. @Shubhrasthanikhil wagle@waglenikhil

The most poisonous book written by Savarkar is ‘Six Golden Pages’( Saha Soneri Pane in original Marathi). It is totally anti-Muslim and communal where he propagates his Hindutva theories. India supported Gandhi, rejected Savarkar and RSS.2,327Twitter Ads info and privacy1,506 people are talking about thisn Let’s begin checking ur “use of words” as starter. You say “…totally anti-Muslim & Communal..” Any idea what does”communal”mean?

Is being Communal~Anti-Muslim? NO It’s not.

Definition of “Communal” in image2. In short anything relating to “one community” is “Communal”.

n So @waglenikhil by internationally accepted definition of “Communal” anyone calling “anti religion~communal” is but a FOOL. Do you get it?

Further,bcoz you have spoken for Gandhi, while shunning Savarkar. Let me give you a comparative though I’m an admirer of Gandhi. Read👇🏼 n On October 7, 1905, Savarkar staged his first dissident act when he incited a group of students to burn a pile of foreign clothes. He was first Indian Political leader to call for Swadeshi. He was 22 then. Cc @Sanjay_Dixit

n The bonfire was criticised by Gokhale, the moderate leader who was the Guru of same Gandhi ji who did bonfire of foreign clothes 17 years afterwards.
@waglenikhil can u clarify if Savarkar was wrong in 1905 or Gandhi in 1922,as Gokhale was against it,though Guru of Bapu)? n Now, what was Gandhi Ji doing when he was 22? Any idea?

Gandhi, at age 22, was called to the bar in June 1891 and then left London for India. His attempts at establishing a law practice in Bombay failed because he was psychologically unable to cross-examine witnesses.

n He returned to Rajkot to make a modest living drafting petitions for litigants, but he was forced to stop when he ran afoul of a British officer Sam Sunny.

Ref: MAHATMA
Life of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
Volume 1 [1869-1920], p 61-62
Link: (mkgandhi.org/ebks/Mahatma_V…)

n Following the bonfire ,the Principal of Ferguson College expelled Savarkar & fined Rs10.He became not only the first Indian leader to make a bonfire of foreign cloth but also the first Indian student who was rusticated frm a Government-aided institution for political reasons.

n Refernce for 4/n & 5/n

Life of Swatantryaveer Vinayak Damodar Savarkar

Book by Dhananjay Keer​, Chapter 2, Paragraph 4-6

Link (esamskriti.com/essays/docfile…) n Savarkar was the first Indian leader of India to daringly proclaim absolute political independence of India as her goal (EVEN BEFORE LOKMANYA TILAK called Swaraj a birth right).

Reference: Life of Swatantryaveer Vinayak Damodar Savarkar

by Dhananjay Keer​, Ch 1,Paragraph 9

n Savarkar spoke about complete independence in 1904, when he was 21 while at 21 Gandhi was struggling to establish his “Law Practice.”
That apart Gandhi had even proposed “Dominion Status” over “Complete Independence”.

Ref Pg12 in (shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in/bitstream/1060…)

n Savarkar was the first barrister who was refused the degree on account of his political line of thought by the British Government.

Reference: Life of Swatantryaveer Vinayak Damodar Savarkar

by Dhananjay Keer​, Ch 4,Paragraph 5 (esamskriti.com/essays/docfile…)

n On the other hand, as explained earlier, Gandhi was called to Bar but failed to practice.

Savarkar was the first graduate to lose the degree from an Indian University (Bombay University) for his love of independence.

n Reference for 13/n

Life of Swatantryaveer Vinayak Damodar Savarkar

by Dhananjay Keer​, Ch 6,Paragraph 8
(University rescinded its 1911 decision in April 1960 & reconferred the degree)

@waglenikhil can you pl quote any such incidence related to Gandhi? n Savarkar was the first Indian leader to invest the problem of Indian independence with international importance.

Ref for 15/n & 16/n:

Life of Swatantryaveer Vinayak Damodar Savarkar

by Dhananjay Keer​, Ch 3, Paragraph 9-12

n Wrote Sir Valentine C in the London Times “…The Chitpavan Brahmin whose bent of mind is far practical works in silence.Even as the Bengali did the shouting it was Pune that provided the brains that directed the Bengali extremists”.

@waglenikhil while Gandhi was to make a mark in Indian Independence Movement, Savarkar a 25 year old youth was already making Brits chew hard nuts.

And of course Savarkar was the first Indian leader to organize revolutionary movement right in the heart of London. n Savarkar was the 1st Indian leader to call out British bluff that 1857wasn’t a mutiny of sepoys in few regiments but a revolt of Indian masses against the British which sustained for 2+years.

Ref:Life of Swatantryaveer Vinayak Damodar Savarkar

by Dhananjay Keer​,Ch4Para14

n He also highlighted the cruelty of British during that period who slaughterd outright ordinary Indians on flimsiest pretexts.He was the 1st Indian leader to celebrate 50th anniversary of 1857.

Life of Swatantryaveer Vinayak Damodar Savarkar

by Dhananjay Keer​, Ch3,Para 7

n While Savarkar was having bold impact on Independence movement & making Britain chew hard nuts,Gandhi met him in 1909at India House.Gandhi couldn’t agree to any of Savarkar’s work & after returning to India condemned each Indian revolutionaries in London(especially Savarkar)

n Reference for 20/n:

Life of Swatantryaveer Vinayak Damodar Savarkar

by Dhananjay Keer​, Ch 4, para 11-12. n Savarkar was the first rebel leader of India who refused to recognize the authority of the British Court of Law while Gandhi submitted to the authority of the British Court of Law when Bhagat Singh, Rajguru & Sahdev were sentenced death.

n Reference for 22/n:

Life of Swatantryaveer Vinayak Damodar Savarkar

by Dhananjay Keer​, Ch 4, para 3 n Savarkar was the first Indian political leader to build a pan-Hindu temple where former ‘untouchable’ was a Pujari (1931) while Gandhi coined “Harijan” in 1932.

Ref: Life of Swatantryaveer Vinayak Damodar Savarkar

by Dhananjay Keer​, Ch 9, para 8

n Savarkar had written about a fight against “Untouchability” way back in 1920. Ref for snippet

@waglenikhil there are lot more issues to be discussed. Which I will continue to post in a while, where I will even explain abt Prison life, Hindutva etc. (savarkar.org/en/encyc/2017/…)

Vandematram & Jai Hind

A thread by Aabhas Maldahiyar 🇮🇳

#SadarPranam to Ishwara within you @asadowaisi . U say“ Jai Bhim,Allahu Akbar & Jai Hind” against“Vande Mataram, Jai Shri Rama, Bharata Mata Ki Jai”, I find it bigotry. Explanation in thread below. You may respond in full capacity but not before n/n
Ref Book (in image)Asaduddin Owaisi@asadowaisi

Today, I was welcomed with some slogans when I stood up to take my oath on the Constitution of India https://twitter.com/aimim_national/status/1140896944358715392 …AIMIM@aimim_nationalHyderabad AIMIM MP Barrister @asadowaisi takes oath in Lok Sabha.14KTwitter Ads info and privacy4,764 people are talking about this

n You say “Jai Bhim” but any idea Ambedkar’s opinion about I$lam wrt India?

In Ambedkar’s opinion I$lam has only contempt & enmity for others & one can’t be true Muslim by accepting India as motherland.

See details in Snippet(Pakistan Or Partition Of India
by Ambedkar,p325)

n Ambedkar mentions on pg 294 that a Mu$lim can’t accept a Hindu Government for they consider “Hindus” as “Kafir”, hence inferior.

Mu$lims even considered low of Hindus despite they supported whole heartily in Khilafat Movement.

n Ambedkar mentions on page 285 that Mu$lims prefer “Law of Islam” over “Law of Land”.

Details in snippet (Pakistan Or Partition Of India
by Ambedkar,p285)

n Ambedkar talks about Dar-Ul-Islam, & makes a claim that Mu$lims even fought British for it. He further adds that Mu$lims will continue Jihad to establish it & won’t even shy off to take foreign aid.

Ref: Pakistan Or Partition Of India
by Ambedkar,p 287-89

@asadowaisi I can go on adding what Ambedkar had to say about Islam,but I’m sure that scholar like you shall read at own. Link to the book “Pakistan Or Partition Of India
by Ambedkar” So, do u really agree to Ambedkar it just tried to play Dalit card? (archive.org/details/in.ern…) n @asadowaisi ji Now let’s talk about you mentioning “Allah Hu Akbar” in response to “Jai Shri Rama”. While former means “Allah is the greatest” the later means “Victory to Rama”. Let’s understand the two nouns “Allah” & “Rama” closely. n As per Shahadah, la ilaha illa’llah, we understand : None has the right to be worshipped except Allah.

Now it gets interesting with 2 perspectives: n 1)Among all gods, it’s Allah who is the only one to be worshipped.
2)And if “Allah” is considered just Arabic term for God then there should never be a problem if one hails Rama. God is God, isn’t it? n Now let me give you perspective about Rama? Who is he? Rama is the most ideal human ever lived on the planet earth. The historicity of Rama has been spoken about lot before Islam or Christianity sprouted. n Rama’s history exists from the time of “Dharma” in front of which all Abrahmic Religions are bit too young. The story of Rama is about the “Dharma” of Bharata. You are free to practice your belief but not at cost of shunning the “Itihasa” & “culture” of land. n Each & every corner of India speak aloud for “Rama”. There is no region in Asia which doesn’t have story of him. You may refer this thread to read about historicity of Rama.Aabhas Maldahiyar @Aabhas24

Thread1) #DiwaliSpecial #RamayanaDiaries As a tribute to Imam-E-Hind I’ll post threads in regards to Historicity of Ramayana. Haters may give rebuttal & supporters pl RT. I start with a light thread & more details shall follow @DikshitSmita @prafullaketkar @shakkuiyer 1/n

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552 · Bengaluru, IndiaTwitter Ads info and privacy546 people are talking about this@asadowaisi another thread for historicity of Rama & his importance in Bharata.Aabhas Maldahiyar @Aabhas24 · 

Thread2 #DiwaliSpecial #RamayanaDiaries In the thread below I discuss historicity of Rama. Pl RT to spread truth of Rama. Cc @vivekagnihotri @DimpleAtra @DikshitSmita @shakkuiyer @Shubhrastha @TVMohandasPai @RajivMessage @koenamitra @seriousfunnyguy @SurabhiHodigereAabhas Maldahiyar @Aabhas24

2/n There are numerous places that are indicated as the locations where various events happened in reference to Ramayana.
There are quite less archeological evidence as an effort has not been made with systematic excavations.244 · Karnataka, IndiaTwitter Ads info and privacy152 people are talking about this@asadowaisi how do you not consider Rama your forefather for the fact that Indians believe in his historicity. Are you not Indian? How can religion that emerged lot after our history become more important to an Indian? Are you justifying what Ambedkar had said? n Even Iqbal went on to say:

है राम के वजूद पे हिन्दोस्ताँ को नाज़,
अहले-नज़र समझते हैं उसको इमामे-हिन्द ।

He changed with time for his new found love was Pakistan. I’m sure @asadowaisi ji that Pakistan isn’t your love then what makes you take this stand? n @asadowaisi how do you deal with “Rama” being illustrated in the “Constitution of India”?

n You know what today you are Asaduddin today only because we believed in Rama. It’s the grace of Hindu Sanatanis. When Abrahmics including I$lam fought for supremacy we accommodated Mu$lim Traders down south. n It’s for that reason that second mosque of world “Cheraman” came in being when Prophet Muhammad was alive. @asadowaisi don’t you feel ashamed of shunning icon of those who are reason for existence. n Had Hindus been the way the Mu$lims were who persecuted Parsis, @asadowaisi you would have remained Ashish Ozha or something similar. So do some retrospection. n @asadowaisi now let’s come to you using “Jai Hind” against #VandeMataram . Do you know Gandhi Ji showed concern in, 1946 for “Jai Hind” replacing “Vande Mataram” for he feared people neglecting VM will forget JH too.

Read Snippet (Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi,p212).

Sitar an Indian Invention

A thread by Aabhas Maldahiyar 🇮🇳

n Farah Ji. My Sadar Pranam to God within you. I’m sorry, you are absolutely wrong. Islam may have other contributions but not Sitar. It has history tracing to Ancient India. Read Below👇🏼cc @sankrant @Sanjay_Dixit @ShefVaidya @RituRathaurFarah Khan@FaraaahKhan

Did you know 1 of the many contributions of #Islam is SITAR, the eminent instrument of Indian Classical Music?

We r all part of the bigger culture, i.e. history, blended in each other wd unity.
Remembering Pt. Ravi Shankar this #mondaymorning!🙏#MondayMotivation #DYK@iamrana

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30Twitter Ads info and privacy225 people are talking about thisn The Sitar occupies a place of pride among Indian musical instruments. The Sitar was known in ancient India by various names like devadattaa, maruyashti, mahati, parivaadini, saptatantri etc.
The origin of the Sitar is lost in antiquity.

n Though its origin is generally attributed to Amir Khusro, and is one of the most ancient Indian instruments. Amir Khusro is credited with making the Sitar by fixing three strings to it and calling it the Sehtar (seh – three; tar – strings). n The word sitar is said to be a corruption of the word sehtar. This doesn’t stand to reason because:

(1) The three-stringed instrument tritantri and the seven-stringed instrument saptatantri were in existence centuries before Amir Khusro. n 165 years before Prophet Mohammed there lived a singer and poet called Jarham Binatoi who participated in a Poetry Conference in India for three years in succession. The three poems he read at the Conference were etched on golden plates and hung at Mecca. n Jarham Binatoi writes: “The people of India are fortunate that Raja Vikram (also called Samudragupta) is their ruler. He is generous, religious, concientious, and a great musician. His sehtar-playing is such that the listeners’ heart-buds blossom. … contd n …He treated us foreigners also kindly. He sent many scholars of his community to spread the message of the holy religion & they shine like the Sun in our country.From these great men we learnt ishwar-jnana, sangeet-jnana,kavya-jnana,samajik-jnana & learnt playing the sehtar n… These men had come to our country on instructions from Raja Vikram to spread knowledge, religion and music.” Coins are also available on which King Vikramaditya is seen playing the parivaadini. This is conclusive evidence that the Sitar is Indian in origin.

n 2) There is no word in Persian from which the word sitar is derived. The word sitar is derived from the Sanskrit root SA (to bind) It is made of SIT + AAr + R = SITHAE : = BANDHANAE:, AH = SAMANTHATH, RA = RAJAYATHI ETHI SITAR = n which means an instrument which through fastenings gives pleasure from all sides. In the Sitar strings are fastened. pardaas are fastened mijraaf is fastened,
gats are bound by rhythm. Thus, the Sitar is an instrument which is full of fastenings (BANDHAN). n Even if one of these is violated it affects the pleasure. So the word sitar is not a corruption of any Persian word but a pure Sanskrit word. n 3) The Sehtar had three strings whereas the Sitar has seven. But there is no gainsaying the fact that Amir Khusro, the versatile genius, gave the Sitar a great fillip and did much to popularize it. n
It is agreed upon all sides that the Been (Rudra Veena) is the mother of the Sitar. B4 the birth of the Sitar. the Been among string instruments and dhrupadang in singing were prominent. That is why, the Been was played for the most part in dhrupad style only. n Around 7th century A.D. refs of 7 stringed instruments were found in excavation of ‘Pitalkhora’ &’Kudumiamalai’.It appears to be the ‘vina’since it has been given the title ‘chatusprahara svaragamah’ or authoritative texts of notes produced by the 4strings of the instrument. n The name of the instrument is ‘parivadini’ as could be seen from a small level on top of the ‘Valampuri Ganesha’ which reads – ‘Parivadini Amar Kosa’, in the ‘Natya Varga’ speaks of this instrument as –

‘Vina ‘, vallaki vipanchi sat u tantribhih Saptabhih parivadini’ n The three names ‘vina’, ‘vallaki’, ‘vipanchi’ denote three kind of vinas, but that which has seven strings is called ‘Parivadini’. The ‘Buddha Charita’ by Ashvaghosha says that it is a big vina & has strings made of gold. n According to Marcel Dubios, the long-necked lute apprears for the first time in a 10th century sculpture at Pattadakal in south India. The lute depicled here may have been some sort of hybrid of the early stick Zither and short necked lute. n The first depiction of stick Zither with Gourd resonators is seen in 7th century work known as ‘Descent of the Ganges’ or ‘Arjuna’s Penance’ located at ‘Mahabalipuram’ in Tamilnadu. n The stick Zithers depicted here are held diagonally across the chests, with the gourd above the left shoulder. The lute depicted at “Pattadakaal” is held similarly, except that the standing posture has now changed to a sitting
one.

n The north Indian Bin and Sitar are also held likewise. These instruments also have Gourds as resonating chambers.
A fretted Vina is first seen in a tenth century sculpture at ‘Abaner’ in the ‘Harsatmata Mandir’. Ref: Bhāratīya saṅgīta vādya
By Lalmani Mishra, plate 9👇🏼

n The instrument is a stick Zither with notably raised frets, much like, those of the modern Bin and may be considered the fore runner of the ‘Kinnari Vina’ described by ‘Sarangadeva’ n Sri Lalmani Mishra is of opinion that the Sitar is a descendant of the Vinas prevalent in India during the 12th century. His view is – the raised frets, broad bridge and presence of drone wires are purely Indian innovations. n He also slates that the sitar was previously known as ‘Tritantri Vina’ or ‘Jantra’. He maintains that the ‘Tritantri Vina’ described by ‘Sarangdeva’as a fretless instrument, acquired frets at a later date and was known as ‘Jantra’. n In support of this information he cites a passage found in the treatise ‘Kalanidhi’, ‘Kalinath’s Commentary’ on the ‘Sangeet
Ratnakar’ in which the ‘Tritantri Vina’ is said to be known as ‘Jantra’. n Explanation continues from 26/n (Twitter limits max 25 in one go). The thread will end with n/n n In ‘Ain-i-Akbari’ Abul Fazal-i-allam has given the following description:
‘The ‘yantra’ is formed of a hollow neck of wood, a yard in length, at each end of which are attached the halves of two gourds. n Above the neck are sixteen frets over which are strung five steel wires fastened securely at both ends. The low & high notes and their variations are produced by the disposition of the frets.” n In the 14th century only the ‘eka raga vina’, which was tuned according to the notes of the scale and was taken up for playing, appears to have been popular. n Although, there seem to have existed quite a number of vinas,as can be understood from the pages of ‘Vasavapurana’,the’eka raga mela vina’, with movable frets, later on developed into ‘sitar’.This vina was very popular for a long period as found in ref. in Telugu lit works. n Artistic impulse is one of the most fundamental elements in the human psyche which is expressed at times through the medium of art. The Indian artistic tradition is among the most ancient and richly varied in the history of mankind. n In the Ragamala paintings there is a confluence of two major artistic stands, ‘miniature paintings’ and ‘classical music’. Often two or more art forms are combined, and are enriched with each other. Below are few of them👇🏼

n Many historians tried to connect the origin of sitar from some of the foreign instruments. In fact there are many such instruments which resembled with early Indian sitar. N/n There may be some influence, but there is no point in accepting any of them as the predecessor of sitar – when India was so rich with a good number of vinas (or Indian Tanbur, as mentioned by many scholars).
I call it an an end here @FaraaahKhan ji. Sadar 🙏

👆🏼 A thread of 32 tweets for history of ‘Sitar’ debunking the myth that it was contribution of Muslim Dynasties. Pl help share the word of truth. Cc @AsYouNotWish @TVMohandasPai @koenamitra Beat part is Farah Khan has acknowledged the error in her tweet which made me write it.