Fascinating Truth of KAMASUTRA &it’s Present Version
-Does Kama mean S3X in our culture?
-Who Was Great Vastyanan Muni, Fakely Presented in Utsav Movie
-What do Nastik&Astik Mean?
-What are the SIX दर्शन of Sanatan Dharma?
-What is Purusharth? #Thread
n Stand Up! Comedy is Not Funny-Mostly Vulgar, Left-Centric, Anti-Hindu
*4 Consistencies in StandUps:-
-West is Cool, Hindu is Regressive & Fool.
-Kamasutra is compared with Porn
-S3X is Cool for Left, Perversion for Right
So Friend Time to Know our Dharma in #KYD Series
n Before IT Revolution, Most People in the West, Knew India as a Land of Snake Charmers & KamaSutra (Perceived as a S3x Manual)
Because this was, what was Shown to them Mostly
The Below Thread Will Unravel Many Essentials , We All Indians Must Know and Feel Proud of. Let’s Go!
n – The #Thread Starts with Legendary King Vikramaditya-ChandraGupta II
Vikramaditya Ruled from 5th-6th Century AD . He had 9 Original Navratnas (2 Most Known).
-Kalidasa was one of the Prolific Sanskrit Writer.
-Varahmira Great Mathematician/Astrloger (Knew Aryabhatta)
n Vatsyana Muni- was a Great Sage, a Logician & Prolific Writer on Topics of Logic&KamaShastra
-Vatsyayana Muni of Nyay Sutra Bhashya & KamaSutra r the same
-Kalidasa&Varahmihra knew him. His Writings were so impactful that Kalidasa included it in his Works & So did Varahmihra
“Ekam Sat Vipra Bahuda Vadanti”- is a Fake&Incomplete
Many make it to Sound a Secular Quote in Indian Culture. It is in Rigveda 1.164.46, when nothing except Sanatan Dharm Existed
Correct Quote Means, “Supreme Power is One, &People call that as Various Mahabhut also”
n SIX Darshans r Pillars of Sanatan Philosophy
– Darshans are the Most IMP Sutras(Formulae) by AncientRishis, & Commentaries (Bhashaya) by Competent Ones.
– Why We say “A Person Can be a Nastik, Still be a Sanatani”
Pls See the Pic in Detail- U’ll understand Why
n Both Astik&Nastik r Sanatanis &Agree to presence of SupremeForce
NASTIK is Not an ATHEIST
-आस्तिक:Our Identity is Aatma, Not Body. Vedas are Supreme
-नास्तिक:Our Identity is Body&Aatma-inside (No UniversalAtma); dont agree to Vedas as Source of UniversalKnowledge n For Aastiks, NyayaDarshan is one of the Finest as it suggests Logic&Reasoning will lead to Truth
-Bhashya (Commentary) on Sutra may be more significant than the Sutra Itself
-e.g. adiShankara did Several Bhashya
Vatsyayana Bhashya on Nyaya Darshan Sutra was Most SIGNIFICANT !
n Nyay means- Arriving at Truth thru Logic & Reasoning.
So मुझे न्याय चाहिए doesn’t mean I want Justice.
It means I want the truth, which is arrived thru Logic & Reasoning.
This Great Nyay Shastra Commentary was Done by Vatsyayana-Nyaya Sutra Bhashya n What Often Used Purusharth (पुरुषार्थ) Means?
It Simply Means: “To do what is in our Hands with ultimate Goal of Moksha” – Freedom from Cycles of Birth & Death
Purusharth is TriVarga- Dharma, Artha, Kaam
Moksha, is not in our Hands, it Cannot be a Purusharth
n Kama is not S3X, Kama is a Desire that Pushes us for Action
S3X is 1 of the many Kamas
So Consciousness => Kama <=> Artha
Both Kama&Artha to be done is Such that they Uphold Dharma
If you Follow the Dharmic Path & at Last Stage if Kama is fulfilled 100% , You Achieve Moksha
n-So Considering the Importance of Trivarga Purusharth, Lot Of Works have been created
1. Dharma- (duties) ManusSmriti/Grihasutra/Aapastamba/Vashsisht
2. Artha-(practices) ArthaShastra etc
3. Kama-(desires) KamaSastra etc n-An Act for S3X, that Creates Life, Can Never be BAD, if in accordance of Dharma
It is Just a Basic Need in गृहस्थाश्रम, &Not a GOAL Of Life, like Food& Shelter
ArtWork On Outer Walls in Ancient Temples Normalized the act as a Basic, Saving Higher Thoughts for inner गर्भगृह
n Vastyanan’s KamaSutra is Essentialty:
1. An Art of Finding a Partner
2. An Art of a Happy Married Life, so that, GrihasthAshram is enjoyable.
3 .Only One 1 of 7Chapters Dives into Explixit S3xual acts ( & Remember children dont’t Come from Thin Air) n However, the Pristine KamaSutra was rendered into a P0rn flick when passages pertaining to “Harem”, “br0thels” were added
British then added Explicit Drawings in the Text which were never present in the Original Palm Leaves
n KamaSutra under the name of Richard Francis Burton (1883) compiled form Flawed Interpretation of The Commentary of various Authors like Jayamangla, Printed from a Fake KamaShastra Society, & Included Illustrations for Marketing Purpose pertaining to Preceding Mughal Empire
n Richard Burton, Instantly 1883 edition became a rage in West & Most Pirated Books. Officialy illegal to publish in England&USA till 1962,. The Reason was Highly Orthodox Societies in West which considered expression S3xuality a Taboo & had many Acts with Strict Restrictions
n Sh Girish Karnad ji was a self confessed #UrbanNaxal
In Movie Utsav in a garb of Showing Ancient India as Liberal, he misled audience on Slavery, Casteism, Brothels. Mṛcchakatika drama, on which Utsav is based, Vatsyana Character was Nowhere in it , It was a Fake Insertion
n Literature& Movies Show Vatsyanana as a peeping Tom & a P0rn writer, than a Maharishi.
Let’s Pay Naman to Vatsyanana who not only gave us the NyaySutrya Darshan Bhashya( Logic&Reasoning) but Sutras of Art of Living Life to the Fullest, Not perversion as it was showcased.
Life is a watch as much as the key God moves [Hindi translation जीवन एक घडी है जितनी चाबी भरी भगवन ने उतनी ही चलती है]. An average man lives around 70 years and during his life time his breaths and heart beats are limited. A man lives more or less his quota of beats and breathes unless he dies accidentally.
This principle is applicable to all living being on the earth. The life expectancy as we see today depends on lot of other parameters such as lifestyle, pollution, eating habits, immunity, exercise levels, exercise types.
Two oxygen atoms were walking along the street when one stops and says, “Oh my goodness, I feel more radical. I think I’ve lost an electron!” “Are you sure?” asks his companion. “Yes,” replies the first oxygen atom. “I’m positive.”
Old chemistry joke
As we know, Oxygen oxidizes every thing metal, non-metal. Rusting of metal is a well-known example of oxidation. Oxygen is reactive to almost every element. Our body also oxidizes. Our body is made of power plants called mitochondria which burns Oxygen and fats to produce adenosine triphosphate (ATP). ATP is kindly of charged battery which supplies energy for most cellular activities.
Mitochondria processes one atom of Oxygen and two hydrogen atoms and forms water molecule during this chemical process. In this process, toxics (pollutants) are generated called free radicals.
Free radicals are unstable atoms which have lost their atoms in the process of chemical process tries to restore their initial state by stealing atoms from adjacent cells and thus destablizing the entire chain. Over production of free radicals can damage cells, causing illness and aging.
An average man takes around 74 Crores (740 Million) of breathes during his life span of 70 years (avg). During this time his heart beats 300 Crores times (3 Billion) 4 times more than the breathes he takes.
Following table gives a fair estimate of how beats and breathes are observed by other species of living beings
We observed that there is no correlation between weight and age of a species in terms of years. However, we noticed that the number of breath and beat is higher than human being in case of animal species living lesser number of years. Now we will see the numbers of heart beats and breaths by a species during its life time (on an average)
We saw total breaths ranges from 74 Crores (Human) to 16 Crores (cats and dogs). in their respective life span.
In the table on left, we observed that on an average all species take 1 Crores breaths per year. The intent to of this table is not to establish life expectancy, but to establish correlation between life and breaths.
The breath rate per year amongst man, cows, cats and dogs are in the similar range of breaths per year i.e. 1.00-1.25 crores. Please observe that all species have lived together for ages. Man domesticates cows, dogs and cats. Is this the reason? More scientific studies should be carried out.
Chicken takes 3.85 Crores breaths while Monkey takes 2.23 Crores breaths per year.
Tortoise, Elephant, Camel, Pig are in the range of 0.21 – 0.74 Crores breaths per year. We saw higher the breath rate lower the life expectancy in terms of years.
Did you notice? Whale the heaviest mammel on earth, takes about only 10 thousand breaths in an year and still survives 80 years of its average life.
This is despite the fact that water consists only 1% oxygen as against 21% oxygen in the air. Isn’t this astonishing that Whale takes 1000 times less breathes than human beings and that too in water which oxygen is further 20 times lesser. So by taking 20,000 lesser oxygen whale is capable of surviving a life span equal to human being
We saw more oxygen per minute is actually oxidising and reducing our life span. By controlling our breaths we can control and limit damage by oxygen. In Ancient time, Sages use to live 1000 years. They use to do meditation and samadhi in clean pollution free environment. They probably trained their breathing technique to extend their life span. A video by Yog Guru Baba Ramdev is worth watching for beginners (ailing people particularly with breathing problem should consult their doctors before training breathing techniques)
Prodded by ModiJi, I’m writing about a book that I read & why I think it is important One of the important book that I’ve read recently is the Sanatan Dharmik, completely Indian, Integral Humanism viz Ekatma Manava Dharshanam of Pt Deendayal Upadhyaya Ji Being Sanatan loosely translated as Eternal, it is good for all times to come. It propunds the need right from an Individual, to a group to citizens at large to attain the 4 Purusharts of Sanatan existence comprising 1-Arth ( various aspects of wealth creation) 2-Kaama (Pleasure or seeking love, procreation) 3-Keeping Dharma (Righteous Ethics & Values) foremost 4-So that the spiritually inclined can attain Moksha or realisation of oneself It appealed to me both as an ism for advancement of the individual & the society at large from Panchayat to the Union of India As I read it I was amazed at the extent to which #Anthyodya is implemented delivering good governance & EMPOWERment to the deprived to help them fight their war on poverty & win It is also the fountain head of the largest political party in the world, the BJP The purpose of this blog is to generate an interest in reading & understanding it & making it a matter of research by Universities teaching Humanities & Politics There’s a compelling case for it’s Understanding & adoption perennially as opposed to other isms which are circumstantial
Mar 20th 2020, 3 tweets, 3 min read 1/n #SadarPranam@SrBachchan ji. No it’s not Newton who should get complete credit for Calculus.Had Mādhava of Sangamagrama (14th Century) & his school not been there “Calculus” would have been incomplete. Read thread.
T 3476 – “.. better work happening nowadays with people working from home. brings opportunity to trust our fellow colleagues ” ~ Sg
2/n Had Mādhava not been there we couldn’t have moved to infinite form of mathematics from finite form. In Europe,the first such series were developed by James Gregory in 1667. Mādhava’s work is notable for the series,but what is truly remarkable is his estimate of an error term.
3/n The formulas in Sanskrit👇🏼
Source for 2/n & 3/n “On an Untapped Source of Medieval Keralese Mathematics” by CT Rajagopal & Ms Rangachari (math.mit.edu/classes/18.01/… )
1/n I offer my #SadarPranam to Ishwara within @tjoseph0010 . There are abundant flaws in his article that you shared William Sir. My Pranam to you too while in below thread of tweets I debunk “Aryan Migration(Invasion) Theory”wrt the article.
4/n As per the theory that @tjoseph0010 has been subscribing to considers “Aryans” to have come to India in 2nd Millennium BCE, how did they mention about the river Saraswati as mighty of all though it had begun to dry 20k years before alleged arrival of Aryans.
5/n Of course Aryans didn’t had time-machine, or @tjoseph0010 you too fantasise that Aryans were that advanced? 😉
For more info on Geological aspects of Saraswati you may refer following papers Mary courty1986,Frankfort 1992,Khonde 2007,Clift 2012,Sarkar 2016,Singh2017,Dave2018
6/n Interesting point to enquire is that why Aryans don’t mention anything about the rivers or geography where the theory @tjoseph0010 uses hints then to come from? Did they not like their homeland? Why mention of only India?
7/n If the inhabitants of Indus Valley migrated to East & South, then why inhabitants of Tamil Nadu & Bengal too follow Vaidik Rituals. Infact a Tamil Hindu follows Vaidik ritual way more than a north-Indian (alleged Aryans)
8/n Further it gets even more interesting that while the theory @tjoseph0010 uses, clearly draws distinction between South & North wrt to Aryan-Dravidian Divide, but what gets interesting is that the First Sangam had Vaidik Rishi Agastya as chairman.
9/n I’m quoting from a book of an author who believes in Aryan Migration Theory but interestingly mentions “Sangam” as being founded by Agastya Rishi.
Though to keep the point of Aryan-Dravidian Divide,attributes Agastya as Dravidian.
World knows Agastya was a Vaidik Rishi. 😊
10/n Alain Danielou even cites First Sangam happening around 9000 BCE, which supports that Agastya lived 11ka hence Vaidik Wisdom is way older than what even this author believes.
11/n They contest that Aryans drove chariots into India from Pontic–Caspian steppe in 1800 BCE.
But what fails them is the amount of evidences that supports existence of “Horse Chariots” way earlier than this proposed date. I’m sharing evidences in appending tweets.
12/n Below points are taken from “Danino (2006)”.
BB Lal, SP Gupta & AK Sharma, Thomas & Joglekar reported horse teeth & bones from various Harappan Sites which date way before alleged entry of Aryans.
13/n Archaeologist Dhavalikar found horse’s remains daring to mid 3rd Millennium BCE. It was recognised as domestic horse (Equus Cabalus).
It was a significant blow to AIT/AMT warriors.
14/n Horse figurine were discovered from Mohenjodaro & Lothal.
It will be foolish to believe that People of Indus-Saraswati Civilisation sculpted them without ever seen them.
Perhaps the most interesting of the model animals is one that I personally take to represent a horse. I do not think we need be particularly surprised if it should be proved that the horse existed thus early at Mohenjo-daro.
—E. J. H.Mackay,one of the early excavators.
16/n Then @tjoseph0010 tries to show cultural distinction between Aryans & Harappans using mistranslations of Vedas.
He quotes RgVed (7.21.5,10.99.3) & translates “Shishnadeva” as “Phallus” calling Dravidians as Phallus worshiper while Aryans as hater through the quoted verses
17/n @tjoseph0010 , The ancient Sanskrit grammarian and etymologist Yaksha translated the word “Shisnadeva” as “unchaste people” in his nirukta.
I’m really failing to understand who gave you translation as “Phallus”. Now I’ll also explain u RV7.21.5 & 10.99.3 as u seem unaware
18/n @tjoseph0010 RigVeda 7.21.5
न यातव इन्द्र जूजुवुनोर् न वन्दना शिवष्ठ वेद्यािभः |
स शधर्दयोर् िवषुणस्य जन्तोमार् िशश्नदेवा अिप गुरतंनः ||
<Let our true God subdue the hostile rabble: let not the lewd approach our holy worship.”>
<He seized the hundred-gated castle’s treasure by craft, unchecked, and slew the lustful demons.> @tjoseph0010 where is Phallus Worshiper?
20/n While @tjoseph0010 agrees that Harappans worship “Shiva” he thought that the alleged “Aryans” didn’t. So I thought of telling him situations of RigVeda where “Rudra” is worshiped. Of 1028 hymn in RigVeda, 3 are for “Rudra”.
I’ll quote Richas in appending tweets.
21/n @tjoseph0010 Mahamrintujaya mantra comes in RV(7.59.12),YV(3.60),AV(14.1.17).
ॐ त्र्यं॑बकं यजामहे सु॒गन्धिं॑ पुष्टि॒वर्ध॑नम् ।
उ॒र्वा॒रु॒कमि॑व॒ बन्ध॑नान् मृ॒त्योर् मुक्षीय॒ माऽमृता॑त् ।
This Richa is also called the Rudra mantra, referring to the furious aspect of Shiva.
22/n Now the 21/n breaks myth that the alleged “Aryans” didn’t worship Shiva. It further clarifies that Shiva was being worshiped when Saraswati was still flowing as mighty one. Hence it further draws cultural similarity between Harappans & your foreign “Aryans”.
23/n Now I bring in a very interesting aspect. While @tjoseph0010 denies Shiva worship among alleged “People from Steppe” the Western Indologist have been drawing parallel line between “Shiva” & “Terminus”. Though unlike Tony sir,Roger considers “worship” not “denouncement”.
24/n Right from the time of Greek Invasion,westerners hv been fancied to call”Dionysus”&Shiva same just to justify “Aryan Tourism Theory “ cc @IndianInterest
n#SadarPranamto Ishwara within you@TonyPannWBALji. Since you are talking about the “gorgeous sequence” I being an “Indian Architect” couldn’t hold back but to share India’s contribution in originating it.
Read this thread👇🏼
Tony Pann ✔@TonyPannWBAL
It’s 11/23 or 1123. #FibonacciDay . The Fibonacci sequence is a series of numbers where every number is the sum of the two preceding it. Why important? It’s nature’s code! Fibonacci spirals are seen in everything from flowers to storm systems to the shape of galaxies.
n Till 7yrs back I too believed that it was Fibonacci who crafted this beautiful sequence.
I did my UG Archi thesis on “Role of Applied Mathematics in Deriving Architectural Forms” in year 2011 but while continuing this research beyond B.Arch I came across Prof Deshpande. n He was retired HOD(Architecture) at VNIT,Nagpur. Reading about the use of Fibonacci Sequence in my thesis he revealed the Indian part of it. Which goes as below:
@TonyPannWBALpl read carefully 👇🏼 n Way longer before “Jesus of Nazareth” is deemed to be born Sanskrit was at its peak in Bharata (what you call India) & Hindus we’re accumulating knowledge like there is no tomorrow.
Interestingly you always wish to circulate & spread your knowledge or else it’s of no use. n Sanskrit played a major role in propagation for its highly flexible characteristic.
Sanskrit was perfect Bhasha to compose poetry incorporating these learning & propagating them orally. n But our ancestors had a big challenge: finding a way to compose poems efficiently enough SK that they are relatively easier to remember as well as recite.
& then “Sanskrit Prosody” came in play: a methodology based on rhythms + arrangement of tones. n Prosody is a vast field of study where natural rhythms are determined in order to create a framework for poetry which would appealing to the ears.
Being naturally pleasant,the probability of it being remembered for a long time with minimal effort is giant. n This “pleasant” effect in Sanskrit is called “Chanda”. Hence, this poetry framework, whose aim was to produce pleasant poems, was called “Chandas” in Sanskrit. Hence the field was & is called “Chandaḥśāstra”. n@TonyPannWBAL,you might be wondering that why am I touching upon Sanskrit Sutras & Poems.
😊Well, that’s the beauty of ancient Indian wisdom. Our art, is actually way beyond what west perceives it to be. n Our ancestors composed poems not merely as art forms but as highly sophisticated Mathematical concepts in order to pass the test of Sanskrit Shlokas. “Chandaḥśāstra” was one such mathematical concept which were widely used by the poets. n Let me elaborate. In Chanda Shastra,it’s all about 2 syllables: Short syllable which need 1 beat (Laghu) and Long syllable which require 2 beats (Guru).
One uses same concept while playing Tabla too. Here we call Short syllable as “Dhin” & Long syllable as “Dha”. n Now, let’s try to significance of this Chandaḥśāstra from a poet’s perspective.
Composition of each poem begins by fixing the total number of beats per shloka, hence creativity gets drastically confined as the content in each line must suffice “total beats per line.” n Hence, it’s essential for the composer to know well in advance, how he can arrange the Laghus & Gurus in each shloka & the probabilities for each shloka.
Let me put forward a simple hypothetical case of 2 beats per shloka. n With this assumption,since there are only 2 beats,it can either be filled with 2 Laghus or 1 Guru. It implies that there are 2 combinations.
Next, let’s consider 3 beats. Following combinations shall occur:
•1 Laghu & 1 Guru
•1 Guru & 1 Laghu
•All the 3 Laghus n Hence, we can have 3 combinations if we are asked to compose a shloka containing 3 beats.
If we follow this sequence,with 4 beats,we can have 5 combinations. With 5 beats,we can have 9 combinations & so on. n With 6 beats, we can have 13 combinations. With 7 beats, we can have 21 combinations. The game of sequence goes on and on.
What does it seem like? 1,2,3,5,8,13,21…
Fibonacci Series. Isn’t it? This is the base of “Chandaḥśāstra”
It gets more interesting. Pl read in👇🏼 n Rishi Pingala framed the so called “Fibonacci Series” that is root of Chandaḥśāstra ( 4th Cen BCE or earlier).
Apart from that he also laid concept for the pyramid of stacked numbers which globe calls as “Pascal’s Triangle” today. 😊 n Back then Mount Meru was common reference to the centre of Hindu civilization. Pingala had called his stack of numbers as “Maatra Meru” which claimed to converge towards the Golden Mean Ratio.
Source: “Venus Blueprint: Uncovering the Ancient Science of Sacred Spaces”
n We find a lot more in this book & the explanations are just too interesting. This is link for the book:
Hence Rishi Pingala had conceptualised it 2.5 Ka bp(books.google.com/books/about/Th…)n Though I don’t want to get into this right now but just briefing a bit. RigVeda (composed at least 24ka bp) too has mention of “Meru”. (Relate with 19/n).
Will share details of it in case you are interested. n Apart from Sanskrit poets, Hindustani & Carnatic musical Forms too have used this series perfectly.
In this video one can observe rhythms in Konnakol form (Carnatic music)that use so called Fibonacci Series.
n For ages,so called “Fibonacci Series”have been in use especially by Indian poets,classical musicians, as well as Architects.
There have been detailed commentaries of Pingala Chandaḥśāstra made by many ancient Indian scholars for their respective fields. n The Indian Astronomer-Mathematician Varahamihira(6th Cen CE) used this sequence in his works related to Binomial Coefficients.
Source: “An Algorithm to Generalize the Pascal and Fibonacci Matrices” by
Ilhan M. Izmirli (June,2015)
n Pingala & Varahamihira used the number series for their respective fields like Sanskrit Prosody & Astronomy.
Acharya Henchandra (12th Cen) wrote one of the most comprehensive commentary on it applying it to various other fields. n Acharya Hemachandra compiled his treatise in 1150 CE. Leonardo Fibonacci presented his thesis only in 1202 CE. (identical to that of Hemachandra).
Hence,even in the form of a treatise, it was presented by Hemachandra, before Leonardo Fibonacci by almost 5 decades. n Actually series is already known as “Hemchandra Fibonacci Numbers”, though yetthe originator Pingala is to get due credit.
Data from ESA (European Space Agency) and NASA’s Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO) has captured the dynamic movement of the Sun’s atmosphere for over 20 years. Today, we can hear the Sun’s movement — all of its waves, loops and eruptions — with our own ears.
This sound helps scientists study what can’t be observed with the naked eye.
“Waves are traveling and bouncing around inside the Sun, and if your eyes were sensitive enough they could actually see this,” said Alex Young, associate director for science in the Heliophysics Science Division at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland.
The Sun is not silent. The low, pulsing hum of our star’s heartbeat allows scientists to peer inside, revealing huge rivers of solar material flowing around before their eyes — er, ears. NASA heliophysicist Alex Young explains how this simple sound connects us with the Sun and all the other stars in the universe. This piece features low frequency sounds of the Sun. For the best listening experience, listen to this story with headphones.Credits: Produced at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center by Katie Atkinson and Micheala Sosby
Data from SOHO, sonified by the Stanford Experimental Physics Lab, captures the Sun’s natural vibrations and provides scientists with a concrete representation of its dynamic movements.
“We don’t have straightforward ways to look inside the Sun. We don’t have a microscope to zoom inside the Sun,” Young said. “So using a star or the Sun’s vibrations allows us to see inside of it.”
These are solar sounds generated from 40 days of the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory’s (SOHO) Michelson Doppler Imager (MDI) data and processed by A. Kosovichev. The procedure he used for generating these sounds was the following. He started with doppler velocity data, averaged over the solar disk, so that only modes of low angular degree (l = 0, 1, 2) remained. Subsequent processing removed the spacecraft motion effects, instrument tuning, and some spurious points. Then Kosovichev filtered the data at about 3 mHz to select clean sound waves (and not supergranulation and instrumental noise). Finally, he interpolated over the missing data and scaled the data (speeded it up a factor 42,000 to bring it into the audible human-hearing range (kHz)). For more audio files, visit the Stanford Experimental Physics Lab Solar Sounds page. Credits:A. Kosovichev, Stanford Experimental Physics Lab
These vibrations allow scientists to study a range of complex motions inside the Sun, from solar flares to coronal mass ejections.
“We can see huge rivers of solar material flowing around. We are finally starting to understand the layers of the Sun and the complexity,” Young said. “That simple sound is giving us a probe inside of a star. I think that’s a pretty cool thing.”
The sounds of the Sun are on display at the NASA Goddard Visitor Center in Greenbelt, Maryland. An immersive art installation, called Solarium, uses vivid imagery and sonification to transport listeners to the heart of our solar system.
Banner image: Stylized illustration of the Sun with an animation of a sound wave superimposed. Credit: NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center
Let me start with how this notion became popular & then I will bust the related myth. There is no mention of beef eating in Vedas or any Sanatan scriptures. After the Islamic invasion in India,sultans tried to hurt and demean the Hindu sentiments through cow slaughter.
n Though Akbar & Humayun stopped the practice to keep off the wrath. @iraghuvansh the great pundit of RJD said in an election rally on October 2015, “It’s written in Vedas that Rishi-Maharshi also used to eat beef… There is no point discussing it at present.”
n I’m not sure whether this political stooge of pseudo secularism does know the Sanskrit language or had he gone through the Vedas at least once. & media morons ran after him & clandestinely spread this
misconception all around about ‘Cow slaughter’ & ‘Beef eating’ in Vedas. n Another self styled expert in Vedas & Hindu scriptures Dwijendra Narayan Jha (whom u mention) a prominent member of the Communist school, exhorts the gibberish about same beef eating and cow
slaughter without understanding the Vedas, Hindu scriptures & Indian values. n Engineered by his love for beef and appeasement of few community, he has written a book titled as “The Myth of the Holy Cow” in which he tried only to customize the beef eating in the denying Hindu society. n His opinion was highlighted by ‘BBC Hindi section’ under a caption, भारत में गोहत्या कब, कैसे पाप बना (When and how cow slaughter counted as a sin in India). This article is full of untruth and just a propaganda for beef eating without giving any reference from scriptures. n He appeared in the media like ‘Daily O’ through another beef lover Ursila Ali under a caption Why Hindus stopped eating beef and began to worship cows. His articles are full of concoction of anti-Hindu politics and the propagation for cow killing. n Veda exponent Adi Shankara, Maharshi Dayananda Saraswati or Shri Aurobindo categorically declared cow as holy being and never included as any purpose of slaughter anyway anywhere in the scriptures like Vedas and authenticated Puranas. n There has been larger conspiracy behind demeaning the scripture. I’ll explain it in later thread but prior to that I’m explaining how Beef Eating isn’t part of Scriptures. Concentrate 👇🏼 n हि॒ङ्कृ॒ण्व॒ती व॑सु॒पत्नी॒ वसू॑नां व॒त्समि॒च्छन्ती॒ मन॑सा॒भ्यागा॑त् । दु॒हाम॒श्विभ्यां॒ पयो॑ अ॒घ्न्येयं सा व॑र्धतां मह॒ते सौभ॑गाय ॥ RV 1.164.27 Interpretation जैसे पृथिवी महान् ऐश्वर्य को बढ़ाती है वैसे गौयें अत्यन्त सुख देती हैं, इससे ये गौयें कभी किसीको मारनी न चाहियें n यः पौरु॑षेयेण क्र॒विषा॑ सम॒ङ्क्ते यो अश्व्ये॑न प॒शुना॑ यातु॒धान॑: । यो अ॒घ्न्याया॒ भर॑ति क्षी॒रम॑ग्ने॒ तेषां॑ शी॒र्षाणि॒ हर॒सापि॑ वृश्च ॥ RV 10.87.16 n Interpretation: तेजस्वी नायक को चाहिए कि जो राष्ट्र में पीड़ा पहुँचानेवाले प्राणी मनुष्य के मांस को खाकर अपने को पुष्ट करते हैं या अच्छे घोड़ों को नष्ट करते हैं, गौवों के दूध छीनते-सुखाते हैं-दूषित करते हैं उनके शिरों और उनके प्रमुख जनों को नष्ट करे ॥१६॥ n अनागोहत्या वै भीमा कृत्ये मा नो गामश्वं पुरुषं वधीः | AV 10.1.29
Interpretation: निर्दोषों को मारना निश्चित ही महा पाप है | हमारे गाय, घोड़े और पुरुषों को मत मार | n घृतं दुहानामदितिं जनायाग्ने मा हिंसी: YV 13.49
सदा ही रक्षा के पात्र गाय और बैल को मत मार | n आरे गोहा नृहा वधो वो अस्तु RV 7.56.17
Interpretation गौ- हत्या को जघन्य अपराध घोषित करते हुए मनुष्य हत्या के तुल्य मानता है और ऐसा महापाप करने वाले के लिये दण्ड का विधान करता है | n ब्रीहिमत्तं यवमत्तमथो माषमथो तिलम् एष वां भागो निहितो रत्नधेयाय दान्तौ मा हिंसिष्टं पितरं मातरं च
AV6.140.2 हे दांतों की दोनों पंक्तियों ! चावल खाओ, जौ खाओ, उड़द खाओ और तिल खाओ | यह अनाज तुम्हारे लिए ही बनाये गए हैं | उन्हें मत मारो जो माता – पिता बनने की योग्यता रखते हैं | n RV 6.28 translates to following: 1. Everyone should ensure that cows are free from miseries and kept healthy. 2. God blesses those who take care of cows. 3. Even the enemies should not use any
on on cows
4. No one should slaughter the cow
n 5. Cow brings prosperity and strength 6. If cows keep healthy and happy, men and women shall also keep disease free and prosperous
7. May the cow eat green grass and pure water. May they not be killed and bring prosperity to us.
n Above tweets (11/n to 19/n) clearly explain Vedas didn’t promote beef eating but Cow Protection & Care. Yet should you have a myth that certain Richa or Mantras promote so, share it with me. I’ll interpret & translate it perfectly for you. Now let’s go thru more documentation to understand India’s stand about meat eating:
India is a strange country. People do not kill any living creatures, do not keep pigs and fowl, and do not sell live cattle. —Faxian, 4th/5th century CE [Chinese pilgrim to India] n Hindus, like early Christians and Manichaeans, forbade the killing and eating of meat.
—Abū Rayḥān Al-Biruni, 1017–1030 CE [Persian visitor to India] n They would not kill an animal on any account, not even a fly, or a flea, or a louse, or anything, in fact, that has life; for they say these have all souls, and it would be sin to do so.
—Marco Polo, III.20, 13th century [Venetian traveler to India] n These quotes from visitors to India show that meat-eating of any kind was not common, what to speak of beef-eating, dating back thousands of years.
Bhagavad Gita, it is mentioned: n Farming, cow protection and business are the natural work for the vaisyas, and for the sudras there is labor and service to others. Bg 18.44 n The guiding principles of Vedic culture is to keep life simple, engage in improving oneself and respect others according to their qualities.
Now, let me give you socio cultural aspect that further suffice that yes India is and should be non-Beef eating land👇🏼 n First thing to be clear is that there is nothing sacrilegious about it, If you know Hinduness deep enough and well enough, you can see that there is no”Thou Shall not” in Sanatana Practice. n People in Ancient India always relied on improving Human Intelligence & Consciousness where they would naturally make good choices rather than simple belief systems, that’s the beauty of Hindu way of life and it should remain so. n Let’s look at more reasons👇🏼
REASON NO: 1 – BIG THREE
In Indian culture, we see Cow from mammals, Snake from reptiles and Crow from birds as very close to human beings in evolution in terms of emotional display, intelligence etc., n Snake: Even now it is common that you don’t kill a snake in India, if you do, you have to perform rites & rituals as you would do for a Human.
Crow: Almost every form of rituals done to ancestors ends with an offering to a Crow. n Cow: India which is largely an agrarian culture in the past relied heavily in the Milk, Butter and other dairy products. All the homes gave individual names to the cows they reared and they are treated like a family member. n A cow has a strong emotional display and shall actually shed tears if someone in the home dies or terminally ill. these incidences can be easily seen in rural areas.That’s why Indians have a huge love for Cows in the same way many people love Dogs for it’s emotional display. n So Usage & Love for Cows is one of the prime reasons why Cows were not killed in India. Cow is a very versatile animal when alive, almost everything from it can be used beautifully including it’s dung & urine. n REASON NO: 2 – INDIAN FOOD CULTURE The basic thumbrule of Indian food culture is that a Human being should consume food which is as far away from him as possible in evolutionary scale. i.e. it should start with Plant life, then sea food, then poultry,..contd n … then animals which are routed in the body, and so on. (More in terms of Darwin’s theory of evolution)
This is the reason why even now over 40% of Indian are Vegetarian. n Capability of a human being to digest the food will be much better if the food consumed is a simple life as opposed to a life which is higher up in evolutionary scale.There is another spiritual dimension to it which can be left out from this answer as it is not that relavant n REASON NO: 3 – BASIC HUMANITY
When we were born,we drink milk from our Biological mother.When we grow up,we mainly drink milk from the Cow.If we just drop all our belief systems, conditions etc & just look honestly, we can even say with gratitude that Cow is 2ndmother to us n Is it really necessary to slaughter an animal which is versatile, useful, cries for you, nourishes you in every way to satisfy your hunger?, that’s the basic question for which Indians say ‘No, it’s not necessary’ and they are labelled as fundamentalists. Fantastic !!! n Indologists like Macdonald, Weber, Winternitz have pronounced the Vedas to be barbaric and concluded that ‘Hanyante Gaavaha’ meant that cows were slaughtered in marriage rituals. n Our Scholars on the basis of this info frm these Indologists pronounced us to be beefeaters. Macdonald has misconstrued the word HanyanteGaavahaa by saying that in a marriage ritual a cow is slaughtered on the day of the magha lunar asterism& everyone feasts on the cow meat n The Rigveda states the following in relation to the Sun God’s marriage.
Suryaayaa Vahatuha Praagaat Savitaa Yamavaasrujat Aghaasu Hanyante Gaavorjunyoha Puryuhyate – Rigveda 10.85.13 n Meaning: Savita gifted the moon who was his daughter’s to be father-in-law with a cow on the auspicious day of Maghaasterism and performed the ritual of giving away of the bride (kanyadan) of Surya on the Falgun lunar asterism. n Clarification: The word Aghaasu is Maghaasu in the Atharvaveda . There is no difference of opinion about these words among our ancient translators. In a marriage Agha( Magha) and Arjuni (Falguni) asterisms are important.
All deities are present in Cow (Gomata) n Godaan is offering of a cow and Govikartaa means a cowherd !
This is the meaning that these westerners give. The word ‘go’ means ‘hair’.
Godaan: This word comes from the Rigveda and Smrutigranth. ‘Go’ means hair and ‘daan’ means to cut thus Godaan is cutting of hair. n In the Shrout and gruha traditions importance is given to tonsuring. Also the ritual of Chudaakarma means the cutting of hair. Godaan is actually the ritual of ‘Keshant’ as is clearly given by Smurtikar. Chudaakaran, godaan and jataakaran are all synonymous words. n Govikarta : Govikarta means a barber and not a cowherd.
Gopati means a bull!
Max Mueller has derived that ‘gopati’ means a bull though ‘go’ means rays and ‘pati’ means the master of the rays that is the Sun.
Ref for 41-46 Gurudev Dr. Kateswamiji (Sanatan Chintan , Year1 n @HartoshSinghBal ji there are lots of myths which linger to be busted but I call it an end here, though below I give you history of this distortion should you really want to bat for truth👇🏼 n In Independent India, conspiracy was hatched to justify the eating of beef and cow-slaughter in the name of Vedas. Articles &papers were written published, quoting Vedic richas. n It was all deliberate as they translated the word ghrit (clarified butter) into “fat implying tallow of cattle” and Mahisha (buffalo) into cow. They also invoked the richas regarding funeral fire and forest fire into their kitchens. n The story is an old one. It was the allegation of fat i.e. tallow of cows and pigs were being used in cartridges which were one of the reasons for the First War of Independence in 1857. n Now it alerted the British. They tried to lower down the image of the cow and its reverence and prove that they were as much foreigner as the Hindus are. So it was their plan to invent the evidence of beef eating in Vedic culture. n It has always been the game plan of the west to field mercenaries as scholars and elites and through them propagate their own view point. Even today we witness such award winners working as a tool to vested interests and multinationals (need not say the names 😉) n They ascribed this job to European and some Indian nationals to invent evidence in the Vedas favouring cow slaughter and beef-eating. n Rajendra Lal Mitra published “Beef in Ancient India” in the Asiatic Society of Bengal in 1872. Go-Raksha was in vogue. So to face it, a swami was recruited. He was Swami Prakashanand He appeared on the scene and published the same essay in a booklet form. n A Sanskrit to Sanskrit dictionary in six volumes was used for this purpose. Pt Taranath,a prof. of Vyakarana at Sanskrit college Calcutta was made to translate the word Goghn as killer of cow. n This was a deliberate attempt at distortion so as to prove that beef was eaten in Vedic age. H. H. Swami Prakashanand Saraswati in “The true History and Religion of India“ explains that goghn actually stands for the guest who receives cow as gift. n He quotes Panini n3.4.73. as authority to justify that it only means the receiver of the gift of cow and nothing else but Tarachand overrules even the authority of Panini and the British agree. Why? n The reality is that in 1866, the Bengal government had granted a commitment in advance to purchase 200 copies of his books @ 50/ per book to a total of 10,000/rupees (.vide letters no 507 dated 26 01-1866.) n Even the governor vide letter no 1480 dated 12. 12 1870 granted extension of time to them for completing Vachaspatyam, the proposed Sanskrit dictionary… The income was assured and they had to justify what the payers wanted. The game goes on but with a changed garb. n I call it an end here @HartoshSinghBal with 59 tweets in regards to your false claim that ancient Indians ate beef👆🏼You May try to justify Beef was eaten by ancient India. And this is thread that demolishes claim that Harappans weren’t Vedic.Aabhas Maldahiyar @Aabhas24
Ji, Sadar Pranam! I still await your response to my thread (check above & quoted),where I demolished your claim that “Vedas prescribe cow eating”. Kindly delete your ill informed tweet asap if you don’t have capacity to respond.Aabhas Maldahiyar @Aabhas24
Don’t you know that Akbar and many of us are from the same school and the same class . Our relations got spoiled only when his great grand son became like today’s Right wingers Any way , I have promised to your frighten MP that we will save him from Attila the Hun n the Vikings60Twitter Ads info and privacy342 people are talking about thisn So Why Akbar isn’t desired?
This is further substantiated by fact that India’s per capita GDP went in negative under Akbar the Great. Which means he kept becoming richer though making Indians poor.
Check the snippets (1,2)
n And GDP Of Mughal Empire increased thoroughly.
Source for 5/n & 6/n “A Contours of the World Economy I-2030AD, Oxford University Press by A Maddison.”
n Reason 2, for which @Tejasvi_Surya & us must worry likes of Akbar was his tyranny & bigotry. I explain below👇🏼
In early years of his reign,Akbar suppressed Muslim sects that were condemned by the orthodoxy as heretical.
I’m sure that you are aware of the incidence of 1567.
n On the advice of Shaikh Abdu’n Nabi, he ordered the exhumation of Mir Murtaza Sharifi Shirazi: a Shia buried in Delhi for the grave’s proximity to that of Amir Khusrau.
His argument was as below👇🏼
n “A “heretic” could not be buried so close to the grave of a Sunni saint, reflecting a restrictive attitude towards the Shia, which continued to persist until the early 1570s.
Such was Akbar’s hostility towards Shi’as. n Akbar even suppressed Mahdavism in 1573 during his campaign in Gujarat. Mahdavi leader Bandagi Miyan Sheik Mustafa was arrested and brought in chains to the court for debate and released after eighteen months.
Source for 6/n-9/n:’Akbar and His India’ by Irfan Habib
n In 1578, the Mughal Emperor Akbar famously referred to himself as: “Emperor of Islam, Emir of the Faithful, Shadow of God on earth, Abul Fath Jalal-ud-din Muhammad Akbar Badshah Ghazi , is a most just, most wise, and a most God-fearing ruler.”
n Source for 10/n : Akbar, Emperor of India by Richard Von Garbe
Just because they were Kafirs. Akbar was a Jihadi. Read more. 👇🏼 n 2)Massacre of Gondwana
In 1564, Akbar conquered the Gondwana kingdom. The territory was ruled over by Raja Vir Narayan, a minor, and his mother, Durgavati, a Rajput warrior queen of the Gonds. nDurgavati committed suicide after her defeat at the Battle of Damoh,while Raja Vir was slain at the Fall of Chauragarh,the mountain fortress of the Gonds.The Mughals seized immense wealth & 1000 elephants.Kamala Devi,a younger sister of Durgavati,was sent to the Mughal harem.
n @Javedakhtarjadu you know your Akbar-The Great has tough time defeating Veerangana Devi Durgavati.
If Akbar was man of morality why did he send Kamlavati to Harem?
Source: Medieval India: From Sultanat to the Mughals Part – II By Satish Chandra(PS: ur own left Historian) n @Javedakhtarjadu ji, now let’s talk about 3)Persecutions at Nagarkot
Nizamuddin Ahmad recorded the violence during the conquest of Nagarkot (modern Himachal Pradesh), as follows (snippet & following tweets)👇🏼
n The fortress of Bhun,which is an idol temple of Mahámáí,was taken by Muslim assailants. A party of Rajputs, who had resolved to die, fought till they were all cut down.
A nos of Brahmins,who for many years had served the temple,never gave 1 thought to flight, & were killed. n Nearly 200 black cows belonging to the Hindus, during the struggle, had crowded together for shelter in the temple.
Alas, @Javedakhtarjadu Some savage Turks, while the arrows and bullets were falling like rain, killed these cows one by one. 😓 n They then took off their boots and filled them with the blood, and cast it upon the roof and walls of the temple.
Shame on the Akbar’s Army. @Javedakhtarjadu don’t u feel like spitting on Akbar? Reference for 17/n to 20/n:
Elliot, Henry Miers; Dowson, John (1873). The History of India, as Told by Its Own Historians: The Muhammadan Period. Vol. V. London: Trübner and Co. n @Javedakhtarjadu how can we forget the third siege of Chittor? Many temples were destroyed. The shrine of Moinuddin Chishti in Ajmer was presented brass candlesticks by Akbar which were taken after the destruction of Kalika temple during this siege.
Bigot! Wasn’t he? n September 1567, Akbar left for Chittor, and on 20 October 1567, camped in the vast plains outside the fort. In the meantime, Rana Udai Singh, on the advice of his council of advisors, decided to go away from Chittor to the hills of Gogunda with his family. n Jaimal and Patta were left behind to defend the fort along with 8,000 Rajput warriors and 1,000 musketeers under their command. Akbar laid siege to the fortress, which lasted for 4 months. n On 22 February 1568, Jauhar was committed in the houses of Patta, Aissar Das & Sahib Khan. Next day the gates of the fort were opened and Rajput soldiers rushed out to fight the enemies. In the ensuing battle, 8,000 Rajputs were killed alongside 30000 peasants.
n According to James Tod,
had the Janeu of slain collected & weighed for estimate of killed. It weighed around 200kg.
n Reference for 22/n to 26/n: Emperors of the Peacock Throne: The Saga of the Great Mughals By Abraham Eraly n @Javedakhtarjadu ji, Jesuit Father Monserrate, Aquaviva and Enrique arrived at Akbar’s court in early 1580 and Monserrate recording his journey in a travelogue comments that religious zeal of Mussalmans has destroyed many Hindu temples.
n and to add 28/n.. in place of temples countless tombs and shrines of mussalmans have been erected in which these men are worshipped as if they were saints.
👆🏼 In the reign of great Akbar. n Akbar had rewarded Abd al-Qadir Badauni with gold coins who soak his Islamic beard in Hindu infidel blood.
The gesture of Badauni had delighted “Akbar the great Secularist” Source: The Legacy of Jihad:Islamic Holy War & the Fate of Non-Muslims edited by Andrew G. Bostom
n In 1972, #AntoniaMainoSonia took a job of an insurance agent of Oriental Fire Insurance, a public sector firm & showed her business address as the official residence of the then Prime Minister and her mother-in-law, Mrs Indira Gandhi despite being a foreigner.
CRIMINAL ACT. n As per the records she gave up her Italian Citizenship only in 1983.
Also note, her name indeed is #AntanioMaino , so I don’t know what was baffling people so much about it.
n Not to miss #AntoniaMaino ‘s father had fought in WWII alongside Hitler’s Wehrmacht on the eastern front. He was a loyal supporter of Mussolini & National Fascist Party.
One may like to read this interview with Stefano Maino. (outlookindia.com/magazine/story…) n Her name was already in the electoral roll of 1980 though she held Italian Passport till 1983.
Check this photocopy.
I’m revealing more facts from the next tweet 7/n.
n As you can clearly understand @JhaSanjay her illegal registration as a voter in January 1980, was a gross violation of the law, enough to cause cancellation of her visa. But the Delhi Chief Electoral Officer got her name deleted only in 1982. n There is a very important point to be noticed. Your leader @JhaSanjay is very fluent in “Russian” apart from “Italian” although she did undergo formal training for “English”. Not to miss, #AntoniaMaino along with her sisters Anushka and Nadia was given Russian name: Sonia. n I’ll talk about the Russian link later. It is even more interesting.
@JhaSanjay now I’m going to use the charge sheet prepared by #CBI for the issue of “antique thefts”.
At times I feel how do you guys face people for being led by such a fraudulent person #AntoniaMaino .
n In 1978, the commission of Inquiry headed by the SC Judge Mr.A.C.Gupta #AntoniaMainoSonia was found indulged in Criminal offense while buying shares of MTSPL & MHVPL.
n #AntonioMaino , her sister and mother are candidates for inclusion in the Bofors bribery case FIR under Section 319 of the Cr.P.C., to be thus investigated and prosecuted.
Read the snippet of the charge sheet.
n The charge sheet further talks of one letter in the archives documents the regular payment of commission to #AntoniaMaino and the Maino family in Italy, arranged by the KGB.
n One letter [published in a Russian news daily Izvestia on June 27, 1992, in an article by Ms.Yevgenia Albats of Moscow News] was written by the then KGB chief, Viktor Chebrikov to the Central Committee of the CPSU.
Snippet 2 (TOI, 27-6-92)
n Correction to 15/n (the newspaper snippet is of @the_hindu, not ToI).
15/n One letter [published in a Russian news daily Izvestia on June 27, 1992, in an article by Ms.Yevgenia Albats of Moscow News] was written by the then KGB chief, Viktor Chebrikov to the Central Committee of the CPSU.
15/n One letter [published in a Russian news daily Izvestia on June 27, 1992, in an article by Ms.Yevgenia Albats of Moscow News] was written by the then KGB chief, Viktor Chebrikov to the Central Committee of the CPSU.
n 3/71992 Ms.Tatiana Samolis, the spokesperson of the FIS, in a press briefing in Moscow [The Hindu 4/7/92, snippet]confirmed that such a connection between the KGB & Rajiv’s family had existed“in view of the ideological confrontation that prevailed in the world at that time”
n 1989 elections,the Mainos spent Rs.10 crores on select candidates of the @INCIndia to create cheerleaders for #AntoniaMaino . Hence, her mother, sister & she are thus guilty of offenses under IPC Sections 120B (+171C & 171H)as well as FERA & FCRA.
Snippet from Charge-sheet
n Now for following tweets I’ll quote from the @CIA document as seen in the image.
n On page-3 of the report, it is clearly mentioned that USSR used to direct most of the funds to Congress-I, and then to the Communists.
The USSR had controlled 35 years of first 35 Independent years of India.
n Initially I had spoken about “Antique Theft” by Maino in beginning.
Here is the visiting card of store “Ganpati” at Viale Regina Margherita, Orbassano & Image of the store owned by #AntoniaMaino ‘s sister.
n From the charge-sheet: In 1993 CBI had registered cases on such illegal exports from a Chennai Suburb to an identified person in Italy. Alitalia and Air India flights were used to send unchecked crates after crates misusing the SPG cover first to Italy .
n And then after creating ownership on paper, getting the contraband auctioned by Sotheebys and Christies, the London auctioneers. The book “Sothebys-An Inside Story” gives some clues about such a racket. n Even @HRDMinistry owns enough materials in Notes on the file of Directors Generals of Archeological Survey of India to suggest precious ancient paintings were removed and declared “stolen” or missing but ended up in a house in Golf Links, New Delhi. n Even the “Festival of India” was used as a ploy to smuggle out such treasures. In arranging these delicate operations the Mainos took the help of Gov hands, art expert Martand Singh, a Pakistani couple Muneer, and Farida Attaullah. n She even took the help of Pakistani fixer Salman Thassir a prince of Kuwait and even the LTTE. Thus, #AntoniaMaino and her Italian relatives are culpable for various offences under the Antiquities and Art Treasures Act as well as under Sections 295, 378 and 410 of the IPC. n Now this is interesting @JhaSanjay . “Schweizer Illustrierte” published a story on 11/11/91 which disclosed that 14 rulers or ex-rulers of the third world countries have a deposit equivalent to Rs. 5 lakh 50 thousand crores in Swiss banks.
Check the snippet.
n @JhaSanjay remember, it also had the name of Rajiv Gandhi.
The amount said to be deposited by Rajiv Gandhi in various Swiss Banks was 2 billion US dollars.
n @JhaSanjay you know @Swamy39 did get the clarification of “Rajiv Gandhi’s name” & amount mentioned in the magazine.
15/n One letter [published in a Russian news daily Izvestia on June 27, 1992, in an article by Ms.Yevgenia Albats of Moscow News] was written by the then KGB chief, Viktor Chebrikov to the Central Committee of the CPSU.
Sonia Gandhi’s plea for commuting the death penalty for her husband’s killers? (archive.indianexpress.com/news/death-row…) n In providing 1 acre of land near the IGI Airport, for housing the Periyar Centre for the pro-LTTE & secessionist DMK which had been indicted in R Gandhi’s assassination. Source: Jain Commission(Part III, Vol.IV, Chapter VII, Pages 161-73) n There 7 key members were sentenced along with 19 others of the LTTE by the Supreme Court, for participating in the assassination conspiracy.
34/n In providing 1 acre of land near the IGI Airport, for housing the Periyar Centre for the pro-LTTE & secessionist DMK which had been indicted in R Gandhi’s assassination. Source: Jain Commission(Part III, Vol.IV, Chapter VII, Pages 161-73)Aabhas Maldahiyar @Aabhas24